Alfred E. Mann
Mann, December 2010
|Died||February 25, 2016 (aged 90)
Las Vegas, Nevada
|Education||B.A. and M.S. (UCLA)|
|Occupation||entrepreneur and philanthropist|
|Net worth||US $ 1.5 billion (December 2015)|
|Spouse(s)||Beverly Mann (divorced)
Linda Mann (divorced)
Susan Kendall Mann (divorced)
Claude Mann (until death)
Alfred E. Mann (1925 – February 25, 2016), also known as Al Mann, was an American entrepreneur and philanthropist.
Early life and education
Mann was born and raised to a Jewish family in Portland, Oregon. His father was a grocer who emigrated from England; his mother a pianist and singer who immigrated from Poland. His brother is violinist and Juilliard Quartet founding member Robert Mann. In 1946, he moved to Los Angeles, California.
Mann received his B.S. and M.S. in physics from the University of California, Los Angeles, doing graduate work in nuclear and mathematical physics. Mann holds honorary doctorate degrees from the University of Southern California, The Johns Hopkins University, Western University of Health Sciences, and the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology.
In 1956, Mann founded Spectrolab, the first of his aerospace companies. While at Spectrolab, an electrooptical systems company, he also founded Heliotek, a semiconductor company, that became a major supplier of solar cells for spacecraft. Among other accomplishments during his tenure, Mann's companies provided the electric power for over 100 spacecraft and constructed one of the lunar experiments. Although he sold both companies to Textron in 1960 (merged into one, Spectrolab is now a subsidiary of Boeing Satellite Systems), he continued to manage them until 1972. After he left those companies to found Pacesetter Systems, which focused on cardiac pacemakers, he sold that company in 1985 and managed it until 1992. It is now a part of St. Jude Medical. Mann then went on to establish MiniMed (insulin pumps and continuous glucose devices, now owned by Medtronic) and Advanced Bionics (neuroprosthetics), which was owned by Boston Scientific from 2004-2008. Boston Scientific and the Advanced Bionics management had agreed to split the company. Under this split, Boston Scientific would own the pain management and other neural stimulation portions and Advanced Bionics would focus on developing, manufacturing and distributing cochlear implants for the restoration of hearing to the deaf.
At the time of his death, Mann was involved in several companies, including:
- founder and Chairman of Second Sight Medical Products, a biomed company which produces the Argus retinal prosthesis;
- founder and Chairman of Bioness, a company devoted to applying electrostimulation for functional neural defects such as paralysis;
- founder and Chairman of the Board of Quallion, LLC, a company producing high reliability batteries for medical products and for the military and aerospace industries;
- Chairman of Stellar Microelectronics, an electronic circuit manufacturer for the medical, military and aerospace industries;
- Mann also chairs the Southern California Biomedical Council (SCBC or SoCalBio), a trade association that represents and promotes the growth of the life-science community in the Greater Los Angeles region (see: http://www.socalbio.org).'
In June 2014, the US Food and Drug Administration approved MannKind Corporation's application for a unique inhalable insulin (Afrezza) for the treatment of diabetes. Mannkind subsequently licensed the device to a French pharmaceutical company, Sanofi, for US$925 million. Mann is Chairman of the Board of MannKind Corporation, a biomedical company, where he also served as Chief Executive Officer until January 12, 2015. In November 2015, Hakan Edstrom stepped down as CEO and president and will remain until July, 2017 to provide other services for the company. Mann again stepped in as interim CEO.
Mann also served on the Board of Directors and was the largest investor in Eclipse Aviation
Mann established Alfred E. Mann Institutes for Biomedical Engineering at the University of Southern California (USC), known as AMI/USC ($162 million); at Purdue University known as AMI/Purdue ($100 million); and at the Technion known as AMIT ($104 million) are business incubators for medical device development in preparation for commercialization. The Institutes are essentially fully funded. Three other universities were in late stage discussions as of 2006. AMI was founded in 1998 when Alfred Mann made his first $100 million gift to USC, a major private research university in Los Angeles. The total gifted endowment for AMI/USC is $162 million since then.
The Alfred Mann Foundation for Biomedical Engineering is charged with selecting, establishing and overseeing the institutes, similar to AMI at USC and at other research universities.
Founded in 1985, the Alfred Mann Foundation has several core aims. It aims to work with scientists and research organizations to find bionic solutions for people suffering from debilitating medical impairments
As an alumnus of UCLA, he tried to make a substantial monetary gift to his alma mater to fund a bioengineering institute. However, the donation failed over Mr. Mann's desire to retain control over patents and patent revenues generated by the institute. The $162 million gift eventually went to USC, a private institution that agreed to his terms.
On March 16, 2007 Purdue University received a $100 million endowment from the Mann Foundation for Biomedical Engineering. The endowment was the largest research gift ever at the university and created the Alfred Mann Institute at Purdue. However, AMI Purdue was closed and the unspent portion of the $100 million endowment from the MANN Foundation was rescinded in early 2012.
Mann has been married four times and has seven children. His first wife was Beverly Mann. They divorced in 1957 and had three sons together: Brian Mann, Howard Mann and Richard Mann. His second wife was Linda Mann. They divorced in 1973 after 6 years of marriage and had three children together: Carla Mann Woods, Alfred Mann Jr. and Kevin Mann. His third wife was Susan Kendall; they divorced in 1997. In 2004, he married his fourth wife, Claude Mann. He adopted her daughter, Cassandra, from a previous marriage. Although Catholic, Claude was born in a concentration camp during World War II because her father, a diplomat - who was active in the French Resistance - had been imprisoned for hiding Jews from Nazi soldiers.
Son Brian was an employee at Pacesetter Systems and daughter Carla was an employee at Advanced Bionics.
- "The World's Billionaires: #721 Alfred Mann". Forbes. March 3, 2010.
- Real Time Ranking. "Alfred Mann". Forbes. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Weinreb, Gali. "Alfred Mann to double $100 million Technion donation - Business - Jerusalem Post". Jpost.com. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- "Alfred Mann, entrepreneur and philanthropist: Career path - latimes". Articles.latimes.com. 2011-10-09. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Simeon Bennett (2014-08-11). "Sanofi to Pay MannKind Up to $925m for Inhaled Insulin - Bloomberg Business". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Calia, Michael (January 12, 2015). "MannKind Appoints Edstrom CEO as Mann Steps Aside". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
- "Mannkind CEO steps down". NewsTimes.com. 23 November 2015.
- "Board of Trustees | About USC". Usc.edu. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Clark, Justin (2006-11-29). "Crosstown Rivals". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- "Mann Foundation for Biomedical Engineering endows Purdue with $100 million Alfred Mann Institute for Biomedical Development". News.uns.purdue.edu. 2007-03-16. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Philanthropy.com April 30, 2012 Biomedical Charity Drops $100-Million Research Deal With Purdue
- David Whelan (2006-10-09). "$100 Million, Anyone?". Forbes. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Jim Ryan (2016-02-25). "Alfred E. Mann, entrepreneur and inventor born in Portland, dies at 90". Oregon Live. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
- Mark Lacter (2006-09-25). "A lonely billionaire". LA Observed. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
- Stuart Pfeifer (September 14, 2014). "At 88, billionaire inventor Alfred Mann's motivated by more than money". Los Angeles Times.com. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
Mann and his fourth wife, Claude Mann, have been married 10 years
- Aliza Davidovit. "Alfred E. Mann 'A Mann of His Word'" (PDF). Retrieved February 29, 2016.
Mann's wife, Claude, was born in a concentration camp to Catholic parents who were political prisoners of the Nazis
- Alfred E. Mann Foundation for Biomedical Engineering: "Alfred Mann Institute For Biomedical Development at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology (AMIT) Opens Doors of the $100 Million Institute" July 18, 2007 | The motivation behind opening an institute within Israel came from Mann's wife, Claude Mann. Claude, who is not Jewish, has had a strong connection to the Jewish faith. Her father was active in the French Resistance during World War II and was sent to a concentration camp for hiding Jews from Nazi soldiers. Claude was born in a concentration camp and she will always hold a strong connection with the Jewish people.
- "Alfred E. Mann, entrepreneur behind the rechargeable pacemaker and an artificial retina, dies at 90". Los Angeles Times.com. Retrieved February 26, 2016.