With his brother John James Chalon (1778–1854), Alfred became an artist. Entered at the Royal Academy in 1797, he joined the Associated Artists in Water-Colours, a group of aquarellists. In the Academy, he was elected an associate (ARA) in 1812, then academician (RA) in 1816.
Known for his portraits of the good society of London, he was chosen by Queen Victoria to paint a gift to her mother: Victoria in her State robes going to the House of Lords for her first official act, the prorogation of the Parliament, on 17 July 1837. After this task, Chalon was entitled Portrait Painter in Water Colour to Her Majesty and gained some celebrity. His 1837 portrait was engraved by Samuel Cousins and distributed to the public the day of Victoria's coronation, the 28 June 1838. Then, starting in 1851, the "Chalon head" appeared on some British colonies postage stamps.
- Where Are the Chalon Paintings
- The Modern, Illustrated History of the New Zealand Chalons
- Negus, Ron (September 2007). "The Queen in close-up", Stamp Magazine 73-9, page 47.
- Description of Cousins' engraving Archived 25 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Government Art Collection, item 14946.
- The Cousins Cornucopia
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1887). . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 9. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 455–6.
- 9 artworks by or after Alfred Edward Chalon at the Art UK site
- Biography, Library and Archives Canada, retrieved 29 December 2007.
- A E Chalon online (ArtCyclopedia)
- Portraits by Alfred Chalon, National Portrait Gallery of London.
- Portrait of a beautiful Arvanit girl by Alfred Chalon (in the Albanian Wikipedia)
- Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections
- The painting The Adieu. with a poetical illustration by Letitia Elizabeth Landon in The Keepsake, 1833.
- The Escape of Fenella., a painting of a scene from the opera La muette de Portici by Daniel Auber, engraved by J. C. Edwards for The Keepsake annual, 1836, with a poetical illustration (Fenella’s Escape) by Letitia Elizabeth Landon.
- Paintings for Finden's Gallery of the Graces, 1834:
- La Rosa Parlante., engraved by E. J. Portbury for The Cabinet of Modern Art, 1837, with a poetical illustration by Letitia Elizabeth Landon
- Portraits in Heath's book of Beauty, 1839, with illustrative verse by Letitia Elizabeth Landon: