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Alfred Kohlberg (January 27, 1887, San Francisco, California, April 7, 1960, New York City, New York) was an American textile importer. A staunch anti-Communist, he was a member of the pro-Chiang "China lobby" as well as an ally of Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy, a friend and advisor of John Birch Society founder Robert W. Welch Jr., and a member of the original national council of the John Birch Society.
Kohlberg moved to New York and set up a business buying linen in Ireland which was then shipped to China, where local weavers turned the raw linen into fine textiles. The finished products were then sent to the United States where they were sold to consumers as luxury fabrics.
His business interests led him to travel often to China. During one such trip in 1943, after inspecting the progress of the Chinese war effort, he became convinced that the many stories in the American press of Chiang Kai-shek's corruption were false and were being spread by communist sympathizers.
Subsequently, he funded the magazine Plain Talk in 1946, intended to rebut the claims made by the China Hands and support the Nationalist Government of Chiang. He thus became an influential member of the "China lobby." In 1947, he funded the newsletter Counterattack.
Kohlberg was a board member of the Institute of Pacific Relations, but he later claimed that it was infiltrated by communists. He was the financial backer of Plain Talk, which merged with The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty, published by the Foundation for Economic Education in 1950.
Kohlberg married Jane Myers in 1921 and had two daughters and two sons.
- Herzstein, Robert E. (2006-06-01). "Alfred Kohlberg: Counter-Subversion in the Global Struggle against Communism, 1944-1960" (PDF). Globalization, Empire, and Imperialism in Historical Perspective. University of North Carolina. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 2, 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-02.
- Diamond, Sigmund (1992). Compromised Campus: The Collaboration of Universities with the Intelligence Community, 1945-1955. Oxford University Press. pp. 170, 328 (fn17). Retrieved 21 October 2018.
- Reynolds, Colin E. (2016). The Not-So-Far Right: Radical Right-Wing Politics in the United States, 1941-1977. Atlanta, GA: Emory University (Ph.D. dissertation).
- McCarran Committee testimony, April 16, 1952
- Keeley, Joseph Charles (1969), China Lobby Man: The Story of Alfred Kohlberg, New Rochelle, NY: Arlington.
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