Alfred L. Copley

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Alfred Lewin Copley (1910–1992) was a German-American medical scientist[1] and an artist at the New York School[2] in the 1950s. As an artist he worked under the name L. Alcopley. He is best known as an artist for his abstract expressionist paintings, and as a scientist for his work in the field of hemorheology. He was married to the Icelandic artist Nína Tryggvadóttir.

Work as a medical scientist[edit]

As a scientist, Copley studied the rheology of blood. In 1948 he introduced the word biorheology to describe rheology in biological systems.[3] In 1952 he introduced the word hemorheology, to describe the study of the way blood and blood vessels function as part of the living organism.[4] In 1966 he established the International Society of Hemorheology, which changed its name and scope in 1969 to the International Society of Biorheology (ISB).[3] In 1972 the ISB awarded him its Poiseuille gold medal.[5]

Work as an artist[edit]

In 1949 he was one of twenty artists who founded the Eighth Street Club. The group also included Franz Kline, Willem de Kooning and Alcopley's close friend, the composer Edgard Varèse.[6]

He participated in the Ninth Street Show in 1952 and had a solo exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam in 1962.[7] His work is held in the collection of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo.[8]

See also[edit]

  • Biorheology, the study of flow properties(rheology) of biological fluids.
  • Hemorheology, the study of flow properties of blood and its elements .


  1. ^ Magda Salvesen and Diane Cousineaup, Artists' Estates: Reputations in Trust, Rutgers University Press, 2005, 356. ISBN 0-8135-3604-9
  2. ^ Art in America, February, 1994.
  3. ^ a b E. A. O'Rear et al. (2004) Rheology Bulletin Vol. 73, No. 2 "International Society of Biorheology"
  4. ^ J. F. Stoltz, Megha Singh, Pavel Riha, Hemorheology in Practice, IOS Press, 1999, p2. ISBN 90-5199-435-4
  5. ^, accessed September 23, 2007.
  6. ^ Steven Johnson, The New York Schools of Music and Visual Arts, Routledge, 2002, p60. ISBN 0-8153-3364-1
  7. ^, accessed September 22, 2007.
  8. ^, accessed September 22, 2007.