Alfred Ritter von Hubicki
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|Alfred Ritter von Hubicki|
5 February 1887|
Friedrichsdorf, Bereg County, Austria-Hungary (present–day Ukraine)
|Died||14 July 1971
|Allegiance|| Austria-Hungary (to 1918)
First Austrian Republic (to 1938)
|Years of service||1905–38 (Austria)
|Rank||Major General (Austria)
General der Panzertruppe (Germany)
|Commands held||9th Panzer Division|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Alfred Eduard Franz Ritter von Hubicki (5 February 1887 – 14 July 1971) in Friedrichsdorf (Hungarian Frigyesfalva, in Bereg County, Ungarn, today Ukraine, † 14 July 1971 in Vienna was a Hungarian born Austro-Hungarian and Austrian army officer who was a Panzer General in the German army during World War II and a winner of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Youth and early Career
Alfred Ritter von Hubicki was born on 5 February 1887 in Friedrichsdorf (Hungarian Frigyesfalva), Bereg County, Kingdom of Hungary, today Ukraine as an officer's son. His father wanted a civilian career for him and therefore sent him to civilian schools. Hubicki still wanted a career as an officer and joined the Austro-Hungarian Corps of Cadets after having passed his school-leaving certificate in 1905. He was accepted as an Officer Cadet (Fähnrich) with k.u.k. Div. Art.Rgt. 4 (kaiserlich und königliche Divisions Artillery Regiment No. 4) in Vienna. Promoted to Lieutenant of the Austro-Hungarian Armyin 1907 he was transferred to reitende Artillerie Abteilung 7 (Mounted Artillery Unit 7) in Arad. After promotion to Lieutenant 1st Class in 1911, he qualified was for General Staff Officer's training at the Kriegsschule in Vienna (Kaserne 3 Hufeisengasse). After graduation at the top of his class, he was selected for General Staff duty.
World War I
As an Officer transferred to the General Staff Corps, he was promoted to Captain in 1915. A General Staff Officer in several crucial battles of World War I and Commanding Officer of a Battalion of mountain troops on the Italian Front, he was repeatedly decorated for leadership and bravery. A Major at the armistice, he served in the army of the First Austrian Republic. In the inter-war period, he studied law in Vienna while on active duty and was awarded a juris doctorate in the subject.
World War II
By the time of the Anschluss of Austria in 1938 he had reached the rank of Generalmajor as the commander of the Austrian Army motorized division and transferred to the Wehrmacht with the same rank and was appointed commander of the 4th Light Division upon its formation in Vienna. The unit was renamed the 9th Panzer Division and Hubicki commanded it through the invasion of Poland in which it took part in the battles of Jordanów and Jaroslaw. It then took part in the invasions of France and The Netherlands and Hubicki was promoted to Generalleutnant in August 1940. He then led the division in the Balkans and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his role in that campaign.
He was promoted to General der Panzertruppe on 1 October 1942 and after commanding a special unit at the OKW he was appointed as the head of the German Military Mission to Slovakia. He was retired from active service in March 1945 and died in 1971.
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (10 April 1941)
- German Cross in Gold (22 April 1942)
- Iron Cross I. Class (1939)
- Clasp to the Iron Cross II. Class (1939)
- Eastern Front Medal (Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/42)
- Order of the Iron Crown III. Class with War Decoration
- Austrian Military Merit Cross III. Class with War Decoration with clasp for second award
- Military Merit Medal (Signum Laudis) in Gold
- Military Merit Medal (Signum Laudis) in Silver
- Austrian Military Jubilee Cross 1848-1908
- Knight's Cross of the Crown of Wurttemberg with Swords
- Iron Cross II. Class (1914)
- Austrian War Memorial Medal with Swords
- German Honour Cross
- Theodor von Zeynek, Peter Broucek (ed.) (2009): Ein Offizier im Generalstabskorps erinnert sich. Böhlau: Vienna/Cologne/Weimar. ISBN 978-3-205-78149-3, p. 274
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
|Commander of 9th Panzer Division
3 January 1940 – 14 April 1942
Generalleutnant Johannes Baeßler