|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Schwarzmann at the 1936 Olympics
|Country represented||West Germany|
|Former countries represented|| German Empire
|Discipline||Men's artistic gymnastics|
|Club||Heeressportschule Wünsdorf, Zossen;
TV 1860 Fürth, Fürth
22 March 1912|
Fürth, Kingdom of Bavaria
|Died||11 March 2000
|Rank||Major of the Reserves|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Karl Alfred Markus Schwarzmann (22 March 1912 – 11 March 2000) was a German Olympic gymnast and member of airborne troops during World War II. He won three gold and two bronze medals at the 1936 Berlin Olympics and another silver medal at the 1952 Summer Olympics. As a Fallschirmjäger (paratrooper) he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.
Alfred Schwarzmann joined the 13th Company of the Nuremberg Infantry Regiment on 1 April 1935 after signing up for a twelve-year period of service. He was promoted to Unteroffizier on 1 May 1935 and was a member of the Gymnastics team preparing for the 1936 Berlin Olympics, where he won three gold and two bronze medals. Schwarzmann served as an army sports instructor at the Army Sport School in Wünsdorf. He went on to serve in the 1st Parachute Regiment.
On 10 May 1940 Schwarzmann and his company parachuted into the Netherlands and took a key bridge at Moerdijk. In the first hour of the fighting Schwarzmann was badly wounded when a bullet pierced a lung. He was treated for his wounds in Dordrecht after the Dutch capitulation. In the Battle of Crete Schwarzmann saw action in the Heraklion area. From 1941 to 1942 he fought on the Eastern Front. In March 1943 he became commander of the headquarters of the 7th Air Division. Afterwards he held the same position with the 1st Parachute Division. He surrendered on 9 May 1945.
Aged 40, Schwarzmann competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics in all artistic gymnastics events and won a silver medal on the horizontal bar. In 2008 he was inducted into the Germany's Sports Hall of Fame.
- Iron Cross 2nd Class & 1st Class (25 May 1940)
- Wound Badge (1939) in Black (29 May 1940)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 29 May 1940 as Oberleutnant and Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 8./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Thomas, Franz; Wegmann, Günter (1986). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil II: Fallschirmjäger [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Part II: Paratroopers] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-1461-8.