Alfred Yarrow

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alfred Yarrow
Alfred Yarrow.jpg
Born 13 January 1842
East London
Died 24 January 1932
Nationality British
Education University College School
Engineering career
Discipline Shipbuilding
Practice name Yarrow Shipbuilders

Sir Alfred Fernandez Yarrow, 1st Baronet, of Homestead (13 January 1842 – 24 January 1932)[1] was a British shipbuilder who started a shipbuilding dynasty, Yarrow Shipbuilders.


Yarrow was born of humble origins in East London. His mother was of Spanish Sephardi Jewish background and his father was from an English Christian family; Yarrow was raised a Christian.[2][3] He was educated at University College School.


After serving an apprenticeship in Stepney, he opened a yard – Yarrow and Hedley (a partnership) – at Folly Wall, Poplar on the Isle of Dogs in 1865 to build steam river launches. Yarrow's stern wheel steamers, designed with a shallow draft suitable for river navigation, were used in the early stages of the 1884 Nile Expedition.[4]

Yarrow ventured into military vessels from the early 1870s, building torpedo boats for the Argentine and Japanese navies, among other customers. Then in 1892 he built the first two destroyers for the Royal Navy: Havock and Hornet of the Havock class. He struck up a strong friendship and correspondence with Lord Fisher ("Jackie Fisher"), and subsequently Yarrow Shipbuilders became a lead contractor for the Royal Navy for smaller, but almost always fast, boats.

By this time, the Hedley partnership had been dissolved (1875), and the company was known as Yarrow & Co, and around 1898 moved out of Folly shipyard to the nearby London Yard. It was to be a short-lived move, for less than 10 years later (1906–1908) Yarrow gradually moving his yard northwards to Scotstoun on the banks of the River Clyde on the west coast of Scotland, closing the London shipyard in 1908. An operation in Esquimalt, Canada, was purchased in 1913, renamed Yarrows Ltd., and after the Second World War sold to Burrard Dry Dock.

Yarrow's strong naval engineering capabilities and inventive mind were behind a number of inventions designed to drive ships ever faster. Long after he died, the shipyard remained famous throughout navies of the world for building smaller fast vessels.

Personal life[edit]

This photo of Woodlands House appeared in the November 1897 edition of Cassier's Magazine as part of an article about Alfred Yarrow.
Eric Yarrow, son of Sir Alfred Yarrow

He lived in Greenwich, London for some years, occupying Woodlands House in Mycenae Road, Westcombe Park for some years from 1896. In 1899, Yarrow encouraged a young engineer who lived nearby in Greenwich, Alexander Duckham, to specialise in lubricants, leading to the establishment of the Duckhams oil company.[5][6]

Created a baronet in 1916,[7] Sir Alfred displayed extensive philanthropic tendencies throughout his later years, donating towards: a convalescent home on the Isle of Dogs for the benefit of children; residences for soldiers' widows in Hampstead Garden Suburb (the Barnett Homestead, Erskine Hill);[8] a school, Bearwood College, in Berkshire; a home and hospital for children in Broadstairs, Kent; a scholarship at University College London; a gallery at Oundle School in Northamptonshire; and medical research at the Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, among other noble causes. He also left a bequest to the Institution of Civil Engineers.

His first wife was Minnie Florence Franklin, daughter of Theodosia (née Balderson; daughter of Major G. R. Balderson) and Frank Franklin.[9] His daughter Minnie Ethel Yarrow was invested as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE); she married on 18 December 1900 Bertrand Edward Dawson, 1st Baron Dawson of Penn and 1st Viscount Dawson of Penn.

He was succeeded by his son Harold (1884–1962). His younger son, 2/Lt Eric Fernandez Yarrow (born 5 January 1895), was killed in action, aged 20, on 8 May 1915, whilst serving with the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. Son Norman Alfred Yarrow (10 July 1891-d. 1956) ran Yarrows shipyards in Victoria, British Columbia.

Yarrow had two other daughters, Florence Yarrow (d. 8 March 1948) and Evelyn Yarrow (d. 13 January 1963).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ d'e., E. H. T. (1932). "Sir Alfred Fernandez Yarrow. 1842-1932". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1 (1): 7–11. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1932.0003. 
  2. ^[permanent dead link]
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Yarrow's Small Steamers and Steam Launches". The Japan Weekly Mail. Advertisement. 26 May 1894. 
  5. ^ "Alexander Duckham". Grace's Guide. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "1930 Industrial Britain: Alexander Duckham and Co". Grace's Guide. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "No. 29483". The London Gazette. 22 February 1916. p. 1946. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1259669)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 September 2015. 
  9. ^ [1]

Further reading[edit]

Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New title Baronet
(of Homestead)
Succeeded by
Harold Yarrow