Algerian National Navy

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Algerian National Navy
القوات البحرية الجزائرية
Active 1516 – Present
Country  Algeria
Branch Navy
Size 17000 personnel [1]
Garrison/HQ L'AMIRAUTE, Algiers
Anniversaries February 2, 1967
Equipment 80 vessels, 30 helicopters, 02 MPA Aircraft
Commanders
Current
commander
Mohamed-Larbi Haouli
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Algeria.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Algeria.svg

The Algerian National Navy (ANN; Arabic: القوات البحرية الجزائرية‎‎) is the naval branch of the Military of Algeria. The navy operates from multiple bases along the country's nearly 1,000 km (620 mi) coastline, fulfilling its primary role of monitoring and defending Algeria's territorial waters against all foreign military or economic intrusion. Additional missions include coast guard and maritime safety missions as well a projection of marine forces (fusillers marins). Algerian forces are an important player in the Western Mediterranean.

As with other Algerian military branches, the navy was built and structured with assistance from the Soviet Union during the Cold War, but has also relied on other sources for equipment in some areas. Since the end of the Cold War, Russia has remained an important partner, but Algeria has increasingly sought additional sources for equipment as well as building its own shipbuilding capacity.

History[edit]

The Algerian Navy played an important role in the western Mediterranean between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, where she was a leading military force that ensured not only the defense of the Regency of Algiers but also of international ships making a passage through the Mediterranean, led notably legendary sailors such as Barbarossa brothers or Kheir Edine and Hassan Agha.

The origins of the Algerian Navy (1147 - 1516))

At that time the Maghreb under the control of the Almohad dynasty which also ruled the current Spain "al-Andalus" and 1147 to 1269. The Navy was born with the installation by Abd El Moumen naval shipyards the Almohad empire in the ports of Oran and Honaine. But the reign of this great dynasty would soon be glazed at first by a few internal disagreements, mainly related to the difficulties of managing a vast territory. The situation worsened further when a part of the Iberian peninsula again passed under the control of Christian rulers in the wake of the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, the decomposition of the kingdom accelerated with the formation of three states in North Africa. After the total destruction of the kingdom Almohad in 1269 began a fierce battle between Muslims and Christians for control of various ports in the Western Mediterranean, this has resulted in the occupation by the Spanish in several regions algcomme The Peñon of Algiers, Oran and Bejaia, which led the indigenous peoples of these regions to call on pirates to free the Christian invaders, which was done through sending and Aroudj Hayreddin Barbarossa brothers in 1516, they managed to build a fleet.

Khayr ad-Din

The privateer Oruç Reis, eldest of Khayr ad-Din

Described by some historians as the greatest pirates in history, the Barbarossa brothers would probably Albanians, several hypotheses are cited in this regard but none of them have been confirmed definitively, however, the general trend that emerges from the various historical references tends to reinforce the former. In the description given to them, It is said that the youngest Kheire Edine was brighter and stronger corpulence as its big brother while Aroudj Kheir Edine was known for his knowledge in navigation and maritime battles, he was nicknamed Barbarossa . He engaged in piracy for the sole purpose of revenge crossed, especially following his imprisonment for several years in the jails of the Christian rulers, courage and great skill allowed him to escape, fleeing afterwards to Tunis where King Mohamed Ibn Hafss allowed him to build a naval base from which he managed to be the first steps of its military fleet. He moved later to head its fleet to Algeria to its liberation from the Spanish colonization. What he managed to do by releasing initially Algiers, which he conferred the status of capital of a new Algerian state, several years later, he reunites his fleet and left immediately to conquer the last bastion Spanish in Algeria Mers El Kebir, he managed to free.

Phase of construction and consolidation

After the liberation of all the regions that were under Spanish influence, it was therefore quite possible to consider the construction of the Algerian navy, which was undertaken by building initially of four small ships war, over time, a real military industry was born through several shipyards (especially in Cherchell, Bejaia and Algiers) who provided the Algerian Navy a considerable number of warships equipped with cannons developed entirely by skills Algerian. From there a new page was opened for Algeria which through its Marine could impose its leadership in the Mediterranean for nearly three centuries.

This rule also allowed him to repel several attacks from a number of European countries, starting with the one that was led by Charles V in October 1541, the troops of the latter were severely defeated by the Algerian fleet which was then under the command Hassan Agha, other attacks were carried out by the Spaniards in the 16th and 17th centuries, but they were all rejected by the Algerian Navy.

Other attacks of importance, the American expedition of 1815 and one that led the British and Dutch Marines on Algiers in August 1816, the latter suffered great losses and were prevented from landing at Algiers. However the Algerian armada also lost a large number of vessels.

Abraham Duquesne delivering Christian captives in Algiers after the bombing in 1683
Ornate Ottoman cannon found in Algiers on 8 October 1581 by Ca'fer el-Mu'allim. Length: 385 cm, cal:178 mm, weight: 2910 kg, stone projectile. Seized by France during the invasion of Algiers in 1830. Musée de l'Armée, Paris.
The bombardment of Algiers by Lord Exmouth, August 1816, painted by Thomas Luny

Some Algerian squadrons took part to the Greek war of independence from 1821 on, as suppletive forces to the Ottoman fleet, and lost several ships in various engagements throughout the war.

In June 1827, Charles X launched a naval blockade on Algiers and three years later a military expedition which finally took the city in 1830. Algeria, endured for a century and 32 years of French rule until July 5, 1962, when the country regained its independence.

Bases[edit]

Principal naval bases are located at Algiers, Annaba, Mers el-Kebir, Oran, Jijel and Tamentfoust. Mers el Kébir is home to the OMCN/CNE shipbuilding facilities where several Algerian vessels have been built. Algeria's naval academy at Tamentfoust provides officer training equivalent to that of the army and the air force academies. The navy also operates a technical training school for its personnel at Tamentfoust.

Equipment[edit]

The bulk of the Algerian Navy is still based on Cold War designs, although work is being done to both acquire new platforms as well as modernize existing equipment. The surface fleet is equipped with a mixture of smaller ships well suited to coastal and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) patrol work. The fleet is led by three Koni class frigates which have been updated with more modern systems. These are due to be augmented in the coming years by a pair of MEKO A-200 frigates which will represent the most modern equipment of the navy when they enter service, also, Algeria signed a contract with China Shipbuilding Trading Company for the construction of three light frigates about 2,800 tons full load. A mixture of six corvettes and off-shore patrol vessels complement the frigates, while a large number of smaller boats cover the role of coastal patrol. Algeria had maintained a relatively large fleet of Osa class fast attack craft by the end of the Cold War, but it is questionable whether any of these remain in operational use.

Algeria has had a small submarine presence in the Mediterranean with a pair of Kilo class patrol submarines, though the recent acquisition of an additional two upgraded boats will expand this presence significantly. Their amphibious warfare capacity has traditionally been limited with a small group of landing ships essentially for coastal transport roles. This capacity will be greatly upgraded with the planned acquisition of an amphibious transport dock capable of supporting more robust operations. In the area of civil support, the purchase of seagoing rescue tugs will mark the first ability of an African nation to provide valuable services to economic and commercial operators in the Western Mediterranean.

The Algerian military has long maintained a strong veil of secrecy over its organization and equipment, making an exact accounting of operational vessels difficult to ascertain. Open sources are known to vary widely in their reports of several aspects of Algerian equipment.

Submarines[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Year
Commissioned
Note
Kilo Class 636M Messli el Hadj 021 04 2009-2019 [2][3]

[4][5][6] Two are active and two under construction , delivery starting in 2017.

Kilo Class 877EKM Rais Hadi Mubarek 02 Rais Hadi Mubarek Class 1987 Project 877EKM Paltus (Kilo) submarines built in Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg

modernized in 2009 , equipped with ClubS missile.

Amphibious warfare vessels[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Displacement Year
Commissioned
Note
Amphibious transport dock (1+1option)
Kalaat Béni Abbès Class BDSL-474.png 1+(1) Kalaat Béni Abbès 9,000 tonnes 2015 Improved San Giorgio, Ordered in 2011(+1 in option)[7][8][9]'
Landing Ships (2)
Kalaat Beni Hammed 472 Kalaat Beni Hammed 2,450 tonnes 1984 Built by Brooke Marine in Lowestoft, UK
473 Kalaat Beni Rached 2,450 tonnes 1984 Built by Vosper Thornycroft in Woolston, UK

Surface combatants[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Displacement Year
Commissioned
Note
Frigates (11)
MEKO A200 MekoA200-Algeria.jpg 2+(2) Arradie "Deterrent" 3,700 tonns 2016 in Service (with an option for two more) [10]
C28A C28A.jpg 6 Adhafir, El Fatih, Ezzadjer 2,800 tonns 2015-2017 in Service + 3 new version of C28A [11]
Koni-class frigate 901 Mourad Rais 3 Rais Korfo 2000 tonns 1985 Ex-Soviet SKR-129, re-fitted in 2000 at Kronshtadt, believed to have suffered an explosion 07 Dec 2015 while under overhaul at Kronstadt
Corvettes (13)
Project 20382 "Tigr" corvette [12][13] Corvette Steregushchiy.jpg 6[14] 2200 Tonns 2017[15] Delivery starting in 2017.
Nanuchka-class corvette[16] 802 Salah Rais 3 Rais Ali 660 tonns 1982 in service, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk, modernized in 2012.
Djebel Chenoua Class corvette 353 El Kirch 4 El Kirch 540 tonns 2002 Built by OMCN / CNE in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria.

Armed with 4 C802 ASM and AK630 CIWS.

Patrol Boats (43)
Osa II class missile boat 8 1978
Kebir class patrol boat 14 El Yadekh 250 1982 the first two units built by Brooke Marine
FPB98 MKI Ocea class patrol boat [17][18] 21 Denebi 2008-2011 built by Ocea France
Mine countermeasures (1)
Lerici-class minehunter 1(+2) El-Kasseh 1 600 tonns 2016 in Service.[19]

Fleet auxiliaries[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Displacement Year
Commissioned
Note
Survey ship
El Idrissi 673 El Idrissi 540 tonnes 1980 Ship built by Matsukara Zosen in Hirao, Japan
Training ship
Soummam Soummam 937 Soummam 5,500 tonnes 2006 5500 tons (full load)
EL Mellah 938 El Mellah ( the sailor) 110 meters 2017 A Three Mats tall ship constructed In Poland Gdansk
Salvage ship
El Mourafik 261 El Mourafik 600 tonnes 1990 Built in China
High Seas Tow Vessel
El Mounjid 701 El Mounjid 3,200 tonnes 2012 The Ships are type UT 515 CD built in Norway and Motorization buy Rolls-Royce.
702 El Moussif 3,200 tonnes 2012
703 El Moussanid 3,200 tonnes 2012

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Mission In Service

[20]

Note[citation needed]
Helicopters
AgustaWestland AW101 Search and rescue 6 Ordered in 2007, in service by 2011
AgustaWestland AW139 Search and rescue 8 Ordered in 2010, in service by 2014
Super Lynx Mk.130 Search and rescue 4 In service 2011.
Super Lynx Mk.140 ASW 6 ordered in 2012[21]
Ka-32T Maritime utility transport, search and rescue helicopter 5 In service 1996.[22]
Beechcraft King Air Maritime patrol (operated by air force) 2 In service 2013.[23]

Modernization[edit]

Algerian Sailors conduct Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO).

The Navy is currently being upgraded with the following technological developments: the existing units are being modernized, with the submarine force strengthened by two new Kilo class submarines(last generation).[24]

  • One LPD form Italy in 2014.
  • Four MEKO A200 frigates from Germany.
  • Three corvettes C28A with option of three more produced locally. Radar and electronic equipment will be supplied by Thales, and mounted in Algeria. They will be built at Hudong Zhonghua Shipyard.[25][26][27]
  • Six tiger corvettes from Russia.
  • 21 units of the type FPB98 MKI Ocean Patrol Boat. [17][18]
  • 12 units of Alusafe 2000 high speed rescue and patrol vessel. [28]

Gallery[edit]

Munitions[edit]

SAM[edit]

Anti-ship Missiles[edit]

Air to ground Missiles[edit]

  • Mokopa - the Algerian Navy's six new Super Lynx 300-series helicopters are conducting flight tests armed with Mokopa anti-armour missiles.
  • Raptor-2 Precision-Guided Glide Bomb series from south africa[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
Citations
  1. ^ http://www.inss.org.il/upload/%28FILE%291311071604.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=627
  3. ^ http://vpk-news.ru/news/2509/
  4. ^ http://lenta.ru/news/2012/09/19/subs/
  5. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/files/analytics/315.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.km.ru/economics/2012/09/19/692626-alzhir-zakazal-rosoboroneksportu-dve-podvodnye-lodki#.UFsuP5Fc3CM
  7. ^ "Italian shipyard Fincantieri launched Algerian Navy future amphibious ship (BDSL program)". January 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ Le nouveau bâtiment de projection algérien, meretmarine.com 13/09/2012
  9. ^ "Italian shipyard Fincantieri delivered amphibious ship Kalaat Beni-Abbes to Algerian Navy". September 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "First of Two German built MEKO A-200 AN Frigate Commissioned with Algerian Navy". February 29, 2016. 
  11. ^ http://www.eastpendulum.com/cssc-devoile-nouvelle-version-de-fregate-c28a
  12. ^ Russia to build two Tiger corvettes for Algerian navy | Russia | RIA Novosti
  13. ^ http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16804:algerian-navy-purchases-two-tiger-corvettes-from-russia&catid=51:Sea&Itemid=106
  14. ^ http://armstrade.org/files/obrazecglava4.pdf
  15. ^ http://flotprom.ru/2016/%D0%A2%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BB%D1%8F%D0%9E%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B6%D0%B8%D0%B5%D0%BC70/
  16. ^ Russia to Upgrade Two Warships for Algerian Navy
  17. ^ a b http://www.meretmarine.com/fr/content/ocea-livre-le-dernier-des-21-patrouilleurs-algeriens
  18. ^ a b http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/algeria/navy-equipment.htm
  19. ^ http://www.forcesdz.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=20&t=537&start=105.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ World Air Forces 2016. Flightglobal International. 2015. p. 11. 
  21. ^ فرقاطتين المانيتين و 3 كورفيت صينية للجزائر
  22. ^ a b http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php
  23. ^ http://www.forcesdz.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=974&start=15
  24. ^ Navantia to modernise Algerian Navy warships
  25. ^ a b c d e f http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/world-naval-forces/african-navies-vessels-ships-equipment/algeria-algerian-navy-vessels-ships-equipment.html
  26. ^ http://www.defencetalk.com/dutch-ok-military-equipment-supply-to-algeria-48774/
  27. ^ http://www.jeuneafrique.com/ArticlePersonnalite/ARTJAWEB20131115162408/armee-algerienne-a-quoi-va-servir-la-hausse-du-budget-de-la-defense.html
  28. ^ http://www.maritime-partner.com/mp/News/13-06-20/Record_breaking_contract.aspx
  29. ^ http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32171:denel-successfully-fires-land-based-umkhonto-surface-to-air-missile&catid=50:Land&Itemid=105
  30. ^ http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1985
  31. ^ "Algerian Navy signs deal with ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems for 2+2 Meko A200 Frigates: Details". Navyrecognition.com. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  32. ^ http://www.meretmarine.com/fr/content/lalgerie-commande-deux-fregates-tkms
  33. ^ http://vpk.name/news/41707_indiya_pr...tyi_3m14e.html
Bibliography

External links[edit]