Algerian National Navy

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Algerian National Navy
القوات البحرية الجزائرية
Active January 2, 1962 – Present
Country  Algeria
Branch Navy
Size 7000 personnel [1]
Garrison/HQ L'AMIRAUTE, Algiers
Anniversaries February 2, 1967
Equipment 28 vessels, 10 helicopters
Commanders
Current
commander
Mohamed-Larbi Haouli
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Algeria.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Algeria.svg
Soldiers parade in the Algerian Navy .

The Algerian National Navy (ANN; Arabic: القوات البحرية الجزائرية‎‎) is the naval branch of the Military of Algeria. The navy operates from multiple bases along the country's nearly 1,000 km (620 mi) coastline, fulfilling its primary role of monitoring and defending Algeria's territorial waters against all foreign military or economic intrusion. Additional missions include coast guard and maritime safety missions as well a projection of marine forces (fusillers marins). Algerian forces are an important player in the Western Mediterranean.

As with other Algerian military branches, the navy was built and structured with assistance from the Soviet Union during the Cold War, but has also relied on other sources for equipment in some areas. Since the end of the Cold War, Russia has remained an important partner, but Algeria has increasingly sought additional sources for equipment as well as building its own shipbuilding capacity.

history[edit]

The Algerian Navy played an important role in the western Mediterranean between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, where she was a leading military force that ensured not only the defense of the Regency of Algiers but also of international ships making a passage through the Mediterranean, led notably legendary sailors such as Barbarossa brothers or Kheir Edine and Hassan Agha.

The origins of the Algerian Navy (1147 - 1516))

At that time the Maghreb under the control of the Almohad dynasty which also ruled the current Spain "al-Andalus" and 1147 to 1269. The Navy was born with the installation by Abd El Moumen naval shipyards the Almohad empire in the ports of Oran and Honaine. But the reign of this great dynasty would soon be glazed at first by a few internal disagreements, mainly related to the difficulties of managing a vast territory. The situation worsened further when a part of the Iberian peninsula again passed under the control of Christian rulers in the wake of the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, the decomposition of the kingdom accelerated with the formation of three states in North Africa. After the total destruction of the kingdom Almohad in 1269 began a fierce battle between Muslims and Christians for control of various ports in the Western Mediterranean, this has resulted in the occupation by the Spanish in several regions algcomme The Peñon of Algiers, Oran and Bejaia, which led the indigenous peoples of these regions to call on pirates to free the Christian invaders, which was done through sending and Aroudj Hayreddin Barbarossa brothers in 1516, they managed to build a fleet.

Khayr ad-Din

The privateer Oruç Reis, eldest of Khayr ad-Din

Described by some historians as the greatest pirates in history, the Barbarossa brothers would probably Albanians, several hypotheses are cited in this regard but none of them have been confirmed definitively, however, the general trend that emerges from the various historical references tends to reinforce the former. In the description given to them, It is said that the youngest Kheire Edine was brighter and stronger corpulence as its big brother while Aroudj Kheir Edine was known for his knowledge in navigation and maritime battles, he was nicknamed Barbarossa . He engaged in piracy for the sole purpose of revenge crossed, especially following his imprisonment for several years in the jails of the Christian rulers, courage and great skill allowed him to escape, fleeing afterwards to Tunis where King Mohamed Ibn Hafss allowed him to build a naval base from which he managed to be the first steps of its military fleet. He moved later to head its fleet to Algeria to its liberation from the Spanish colonization. What he managed to do by releasing initially Algiers, which he conferred the status of capital of a new Algerian state, several years later, he reunites his fleet and left immediately to conquer the last bastion Spanish in Algeria Mers El Kebir, he managed to free.

Phase of construction and consolidation

After the liberation of all the regions that were under Spanish influence, it was therefore quite possible to consider the construction of the Algerian navy, which was undertaken by building initially of four small ships war, over time, a real military industry was born through several shipyards (especially in Cherchell, Bejaia and Algiers) who provided the Algerian Navy a considerable number of warships equipped with cannons developed entirely by skills Algerian. From there a new page was opened for Algeria which through its Marine could impose its leadership in the Mediterranean for nearly three centuries.

This rule also allowed him to repel several attacks from a number of European countries, starting with the one that was led by Charles V in October 1541, the troops of the latter were severely defeated by the Algerian fleet which was then under the command Hassan Agha, other attacks were carried out by the Spaniards in the 16th and 17th centuries, but they were all rejected by the Algerian Navy.

Other attacks of importance, the American expedition of 1815 and one that led the British and Dutch Marines on Algiers in August 1816, the latter suffered great losses and were prevented from landing at Algiers. However the Algerian armada also lost a large number of vessels.

Abraham Duquesne delivering Christian captives in Algiers after the bombing in 1683
Ornate Ottoman cannon found in Algiers on 8 October 1581 by Ca'fer el-Mu'allim. Length: 385 cm, cal:178 mm, weight: 2910 kg, stone projectile. Seized by France during the invasion of Algiers in 1830. Musée de l'Armée, Paris.
The bombardment of Algiers by Lord Exmouth, August 1816, painted by Thomas Luny

Battle of Navarino

In 1827, Algeria walked almost all of what was left of its vessels to rescue the Ottoman navy threatened by French, Russian and British coalition during the war of independence of Greece. A naval battle of extreme ferocity took place in a region called Navarino, and during which the Algerian navy lost the bulk of its combat fleet. After this ordeal, Algeria lost almost all his defenses and had become vulnerable to any foreign attack. [2] Three years later Charles X launched into a naval blockade and then in a military expedition against Algiers which finally fell in 1830. Algeria, endured for a century and 32 years of French rule until July 5, 1962, when the country regained its independence.

Bases[edit]

Principal naval bases are located at Algiers, Annaba, Mers el-Kebir, Oran, Jijel and Tamentfoust. Mers el Kébir is home to the OMCN/CNE shipbuilding facilities where several Algerian vessels have been built. Algeria's naval academy at Tamentfoust provides officer training equivalent to that of the army and the air force academies. The navy also operates a technical training school for its personnel at Tamentfoust.

Equipment[edit]

The bulk of the Algerian Navy is still based on Cold War designs, although work is being done to both acquire new platforms as well as modernize existing equipment. The surface fleet is equipped with a mixture of smaller ships well suited to coastal and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) patrol work. The fleet is led by three Koni class frigates which have been updated with more modern systems. These are due to be augmented in the coming years by a pair of MEKO A-200 frigates which will represent the most modern equipment of the navy when they enter service, also, Algeria signed a contract with China Shipbuilding Trading Company for the construction of three light frigates about 2,800 tons full load. A mixture of six corvettes and off-shore patrol vessels complement the frigates, while a large number of smaller boats cover the role of coastal patrol. Algeria had maintained a relatively large fleet of Osa class fast attack craft by the end of the Cold War, but it is questionable whether any of these remain in operational use.

Algeria has had a small submarine presence in the Mediterranean with a pair of Kilo class patrol submarines, though the recent acquisition of an additional two upgraded boats will expand this presence significantly. Their amphibious warfare capacity has traditionally been limited with a small group of landing ships essentially for coastal transport roles. This capacity will be greatly upgraded with the planned acquisition of an amphibious transport dock capable of supporting more robust operations. In the area of civil support, the purchase of seagoing rescue tugs will mark the first ability of an African nation to provide valuable services to economic and commercial operators in the Western Mediterranean.

The Algerian military has long maintained a strong veil of secrecy over its organization and equipment, making an exact accounting of operational vessels difficult to ascertain. Open sources are known to vary widely in their reports of several aspects of Algerian equipment.

Submarines[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Year
Commissioned
Note
Kilo Class 636M Messli el Hadj 021 2016 [2][3]

[4][5][6]

2016 [2][3]

[4][5][6]

Kilo Class 636M Akram Pacha 022 021 Messali el Hadj 2010 Project 636M 'Improved Kilo' submarine built by Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg, Russia
022 Akram Pacha 2010 Project 636M 'Improved Kilo' submarine built by Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Kilo Class 877EKM Rais Hadi Mubarek 012 Rais Hadi Mubarek 1987 Project 877EKM Paltus (Kilo) submarines built in Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg
013 El Hadj Slimane 1988

Amphibious warfare vessels[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Displacement Year
Commissioned
Note
Amphibious transport dock (1+1option)
Kalaat Béni Abbès Class 474 Kalaat Béni Abbès 9,000 tonnes 2015 Improved San Giorgio, Ordered in 2011(+1 in option)[7][8][9]'
Landing Ships (2)
Kalaat Beni Hammed 472 Kalaat Beni Hammed 2,450 tonnes 1984 Built by Brooke Marine in Lowestoft, UK
473 Kalaat Beni Rached 2,450 tonnes 1984 Built by Vosper Thornycroft in Woolston, UK

Surface combatants[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Displacement Year
Commissioned
Note
Frigates
MEKO A200 MekoA200-Algeria.jpg 910 Arradie "Deterrent" 3,700 tonns 2016 in Service (with an option for two more) [10]
911 2015-2016
C28A C28A.jpg 920 Adhafir "Victorious" 2,800 tonns 2015 in Service
921 Alfatih "Conqueror" 2016 in Service
922 Azzadjer "Deterrent" 2016 in Service[11]
Koni-class frigate 901 Mourad Rais 901 Mourad Rais 2000 tonns 1980 Ex-Soviet SKR-482, re-fitted in 2011 at Kronshtadt
902 Rais Kellich 1982 Ex-Soviet SKR-35, currently being re-fitted at Kronshtadt
903 Rais Korfo 1985 Ex-Soviet SKR-129, re-fitted in 2000 at Kronshtadt, believed to have suffered an explosion 07 Dec 2015 while under overhaul at Kronstadt
Corvettes
Project 20382 "Tigr" corvette [12][13] Corvette Steregushchiy.jpg 2200 Tonns 2014-2015 Under construction
2014-2015 Under construction.
Nanuchka-class corvette[14] 802 Salah Rais 801 Rais Hamidou[15] 660 tonns 1980 Ex-Soviet MRK-21, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk, Russia
802 Salah Rais 1981 Ex-Soviet MRK-23, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk,
803 Rais Ali 1982 Ex-Soviet MRK-22, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk,
Djebel Chenoua Class corvette 353 El Kirch 351 Djebel Chenoua 540 tonns 1988 . Built by OMCN / CNE in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria.
352 El Chihab 1995
353 El Kirch 2002
Patrol Boats
Osa II class missile boat 8 1978
Kebir class patrol boat 14 El Yadekh 250 1982 the first two units built by Brooke Marine
FPB98 MKI Ocea class patrol boat [16][17] 21 Denebi 2008-2011 built by Ocea France
Mine countermeasures
El KASSEH 1(+2) EL KASSEH 600 tonns 2016 in Service.[18]

Fleet auxiliaries[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Displacement Year
Commissioned
Note
Survey ship
El Idrissi 673 El Idrissi 540 tonnes 1980 Ship built by Matsukara Zosen in Hirao, Japan
Training ship
Soummam Soummam 937 Soummam 5,500 tonnes 2006 5500 tons (full load)
Salvage ship
El Mourafik 261 El Mourafik 600 tonnes 1990 Built in China
High Seas Tow Vessel
El Mounjid 701 El Mounjid 3,200 tonnes 2012 The Ships are type UT 515 CD built in Norway and Motorization buy Rolls-Royce.
702 El Moussif 3,200 tonnes 2012
703 El Moussanid 3,200 tonnes 2012

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Mission In Service

[19]

Note[citation needed]
Helicopters
AgustaWestland AW101 Search and rescue 6 Ordered in 2007, in service by 2011
AgustaWestland AW139 Search and rescue 8 Ordered in 2010, in service by 2014
Super Lynx Mk.130 Search and rescue 4 In service 2011.
Super Lynx Mk.140 ASW 6 ordered in 2012[20]
Ka-32T Maritime utility transport, search and rescue helicopter 5 In service 1996.[21]
Beechcraft King Air Maritime patrol (operated by air force) 2 In service 2013.[22]

Modernization[edit]

Algerian Sailors conduct Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO).

The Navy is currently being upgraded with the following technological developments: the existing units are being modernized, with the submarine force strengthened by two new Kilo class submarines(last generation).[23]

  • three corvettes C28A. Radar and electronic equipment will be supplied by Thales, and mounted in Algeria. They will be built at Hudong Zhonghua Shipyard.[24][25][26]
  • 21 units of the type FPB98 MKI Ocean Patrol Boat [16][17]
  • 12 units of Alusafe 2000 high speed rescue and patrol vessel [27]

Gallery[edit]

Munitions[edit]

SAM[edit]

Anti-ship Missiles[edit]

Air to ground Missiles[edit]

  • Mokopa - the Algerian Navy's six new Super Lynx 300-series helicopters are conducting flight tests armed with Mokopa anti-armour missiles.
  • Raptor-2 Precision-Guided Glide Bomb series from south africa[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
Citations
  1. ^ http://www.inss.org.il/upload/%28FILE%291311071604.pdf
  2. ^ a b http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=627
  3. ^ a b http://vpk-news.ru/news/2509/
  4. ^ a b http://lenta.ru/news/2012/09/19/subs/
  5. ^ a b http://www.armstrade.org/files/analytics/315.pdf
  6. ^ a b http://www.km.ru/economics/2012/09/19/692626-alzhir-zakazal-rosoboroneksportu-dve-podvodnye-lodki#.UFsuP5Fc3CM
  7. ^ "Italian shipyard Fincantieri launched Algerian Navy future amphibious ship (BDSL program)". January 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ Le nouveau bâtiment de projection algérien, meretmarine.com 13/09/2012
  9. ^ "Italian shipyard Fincantieri delivered amphibious ship Kalaat Beni-Abbes to Algerian Navy". September 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "First of Two German built MEKO A-200 AN Frigate Commissioned with Algerian Navy". February 29, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Algeria receives third Chinese-built C28A corvette". IHS Jane Defence. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  12. ^ Russia to build two Tiger corvettes for Algerian navy | Russia | RIA Novosti
  13. ^ http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16804:algerian-navy-purchases-two-tiger-corvettes-from-russia&catid=51:Sea&Itemid=106
  14. ^ Russia to Upgrade Two Warships for Algerian Navy
  15. ^ Severnaya Verf Shipyard, Algerian Navy Sign Modernization Contract
  16. ^ a b http://www.meretmarine.com/fr/content/ocea-livre-le-dernier-des-21-patrouilleurs-algeriens
  17. ^ a b http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/algeria/navy-equipment.htm
  18. ^ http://www.forcesdz.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=20&t=537&start=105.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ World Air Forces 2016. Flightglobal International. 2015. p. 11. 
  20. ^ فرقاطتين المانيتين و 3 كورفيت صينية للجزائر
  21. ^ a b http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php
  22. ^ http://www.forcesdz.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=974&start=15
  23. ^ Navantia to modernise Algerian Navy warships
  24. ^ a b c d e f http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/world-naval-forces/african-navies-vessels-ships-equipment/algeria-algerian-navy-vessels-ships-equipment.html
  25. ^ http://www.defencetalk.com/dutch-ok-military-equipment-supply-to-algeria-48774/
  26. ^ http://www.jeuneafrique.com/ArticlePersonnalite/ARTJAWEB20131115162408/armee-algerienne-a-quoi-va-servir-la-hausse-du-budget-de-la-defense.html
  27. ^ http://www.maritime-partner.com/mp/News/13-06-20/Record_breaking_contract.aspx
  28. ^ http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32171:denel-successfully-fires-land-based-umkhonto-surface-to-air-missile&catid=50:Land&Itemid=105
  29. ^ http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1985
  30. ^ "Algerian Navy signs deal with ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems for 2+2 Meko A200 Frigates: Details". Navyrecognition.com. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  31. ^ http://www.meretmarine.com/fr/content/lalgerie-commande-deux-fregates-tkms
  32. ^ http://vpk.name/news/41707_indiya_pr...tyi_3m14e.html
Bibliography

External links[edit]