Algernon West

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Algernon Edward West
Portrait of Sir Algernon Edward West.jpg
Born 4 April 1832
5 New Street, London
Died 21 March 1921
Manchester Square, London
Education Eton, Christ Church, Oxford
Known for Private Secretary to William Gladstone, 1861–1894
Spouse(s) Mary Elizabeth Caroline West (1833–1894)
Children Horace Charles George West (b. 1859)
Reginald Jervoise West (1861–1921)
Constance Mary West (b. 1862)[1]
Gilbert Richard West (1863–1892)
Augustus William West (b. 1866)
Parent(s) Martin John West (d. 1870) and Maria Walpole (d. 1870)

Sir Algernon Edward West GCB (4 April 1832 – 21 March 1921)[2] was Principal Private Secretary to Prime Minister Gladstone.


He was the son of Martin John West and Lady Maria Walpole, daughter of the second Earl of Orford. His father was a cousin to William Pitt, through alliance with the Temple family, and his mother was a great-granddaughter of Sir Robert Walpole, the prime minister.[3] He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. He married Mary Elizabeth Caroline Barrington, daughter of Hon. George Barrington and Lady Caroline Grey (daughter of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, also a prime minister), on 12 August 1858.[4]

He was Private Secretary to Gladstone between 1861 and 1894. He was a Progressive Party Alderman of London County Council from 1898 to 1907. He held the office of Justice of the Peace (JP) for Middlesex. He held the office of Chairman of the Board of the Inland Revenue. He was invested as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) on 30 July 1886. He was promoted to a Knight Grand Cross of the order (GCB) in the 1902 Coronation Honours list published on 26 June 1902,[5][6] and was invested by King Edward VII at Buckingham Palace on 8 August 1902.[7] He was later invested as a Privy Counsellor (PC).

From 1880, he lived at the manor at Wanborough, Surrey. West entertained many political figures at the manor including Gladstone, Queen Victoria and Bismarck.

West was also a director of the South Eastern Railway and he caused a new station, named Wanborough but actually at Normandy, to be opened in 1891. In 1900, Wanborough Manor was passed on to H. H. Asquith until he became Prime Minister. In 1908, West returned to stay in the manor until his death in 1921.


  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 5181 § 51807". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ Oxford biography
  3. ^ The Times, London, 22 March 1921
  4. ^ Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 990. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  5. ^ "The Coronation Honours". The Times (36804). London. 26 June 1902. p. 5. 
  6. ^ "No. 27453". The London Gazette. 11 July 1902. p. 4441. 
  7. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36842). London. 9 August 1902. p. 6. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Sir Algernon Edward West at Wikimedia Commons