Alglucerase

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Alglucerase
Systematic (IUPAC) name
Human beta-glucocerebrosidase
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com monograph
MedlinePlus a692001
Pharmacokinetic data
Biological half-life 3.6–10.4 min
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number 37228-64-1 YesY
ATC code A16AB01
DrugBank DB00088 YesY
UNII 27T56C7KK0 YesY
KEGG D09675 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL1201633 N
Chemical data
Formula C2532H3854N672O711S16
Molecular mass 55597.4 g/mol
 N (what is this?)  (verify)

Alglucerase was a biopharmaceutical drug for the treatment of Gaucher's disease. It was a modified form of human β-glucocerebrosidase enzyme, where the non-reducing ends of the oligosaccharide chains have been terminated with mannose residues.[1]

Ceredase is the trade name of a citrate buffered solution of alglucerase that was manufactured by Genzyme Corporation from human placental tissue.[1] It is given intravenously in the treatment of Type 1 Gaucher's disease. This was the first drug appoved as an enzyme replacement therapy.[1]

It was approved by the FDA in 1991.[2] It has been withdrawn from the market[3][4] due to the approval of similar drugs made with recombinant DNA technology instead of being harvested from tissue; drugs made recombinantly, since there is no concern about diseases being transmitted from the tissue used in harvesting, and are less expensive to manufacture[1] (see imiglucerase).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Deegan, PB; Cox, TM (2012). "Imiglucerase in the treatment of Gaucher disease: a history and perspective". Drug Des Devel Ther. 6: 81–106. doi:10.2147/DDDT.S14395. PMID 22563238. 
  2. ^ World Health Organization. Regulatory Matters WHO Drug Information 5:3) 1991. p 123
  3. ^ Aetna. Last reviewed 8 August 2014 Clinical Policy Bulletin Number: 0442: Enzyme-replacement Therapy for Lysosomal Storage Disorders
  4. ^ FDA Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drug Product List. 32ND Edition Cumulative Supplement Number 3: March 2012. Additions/Deletions for Prescription Drug Product List

External links[edit]