Blue-throated keeled lizard

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Blue-throated keeled lizard
Pracht-Kieleidechse.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Lacertidae
Genus: Algyroides
Species: A. nigropunctatus
Binomial name
Algyroides nigropunctatus
(A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1839)
Synonyms
  • Lacerta nigro-punctatus
    A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1839
  • Algiroides nigropunctatus
    F. Werner, 1894
  • Algyroides nigropunctatus
    — Gleich, 1979[2]

The blue-throated keeled lizard or Dalmatian algyroides (Algyroides nigropunctatus) is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae.[1][2]

Geographic range[edit]

A. nigropunctatus is found in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, the Republic of Kosovo the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia.

Habitat[edit]

The natural habitats of A. nigropunctatus are Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, arable land, pastureland, plantations, rural gardens, and urban areas.[1]

Description[edit]

The maximum total length (including tail) is 25 cm (9.8 in) which makes it significantly larger than any of the other Algyroides species. A. nigropunctatus can be recognized by the keeled V-shaped scales on the flanks, tail and back. It owes its common name to the bright blue throat of the males in the mating season. Sometimes also females get a blue throat that is less bright. The remainder of the body is light brown to rusty brown, the belly is white to yellowish. It owes its specific name, nigropunctatus, to the rows of black dots on the back. These dots are mostly missing in females outside the mating season.

Ecology[edit]

The blue-throated keeled lizard likes to climb. Its habitat consists of hedges, walls and ruins. The food consists of insects, worms, and other small invertebrates.

The species is very easily frightened and is not often kept in captivity due to its protected status.

Reproduction[edit]

Only two or four eggs are laid, but it has been assumed that females can produce eggs both in early spring and early autumn. The males bite the females in the neck during mating and don't let go for quite some time, which is common for Algyroides lizards.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Böhme, Wolfgang; Lymberakis, Petros; Ajtic, Rastko; Haxhiu, Idriz; Isailovic, Jelka Crnobrnja; Sindaco, Roberto (2009). "Algyroides nigropunctatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009: e.T61466A12490013. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Algyroides nigropunctatus at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 8 January 2016.

Further reading[edit]

  • Arnold EN, Burton JA (1978). A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. London: Collins. 272 pp. + Plates 1-40. ISBN 0-00-219318-3. (Algyroides nigropunctatus, p. 115 + Plate 18 + Map 56).
  • Boulenger GA (1887). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume III. Lacertidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 575 pp. + Plates I-XL. ("Algiroides [sic] nigropunctatus", pp. 44–45).
  • Duméril AMC, Bibron G (1839). Erpétologie générale ou Histoire naturelle complète des Reptiles. Tome cinquième [Volume 5]. Paris: Roret. viii + 854 pp. ("Lacerta nigro-punctata ", new species, pp. 190–191). (in French).

See also[edit]