Alhamdulillah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Al-ḥamdu lil-lāh (Arabic: ٱلْـحَـمْـدُ للهِ‎) or Alḥamdulillāh, also known as Taḥmīd (Arabic: تَـحْـمِـيْـد‎, lit. 'Praising'),[1] is an Arabic phrase meaning "praise be to the Lord", sometimes translated as "thank Lord!".[2]

It is frequently used by Muslims of every background, due to its centrality to the texts of the Quran and Hadith—the words of the Islamic prophet Muhammad—and its meaning and in-depth explanation have been the subject of much exegesis. It is also commonly used by Arab Christians, and other non-Muslim speakers of the Arabic language.

Meaning[edit]

Alhamdulillah written in Sini-Arabic script on an incense box, Qing Dynasty, 19th century, China. Adilnor Collection, Sweden.

The phrase has three basic parts:

  • al-, the definite article, "the".
  • ḥamdu, literally meaning "praise", "commendation".[2]
  • li-llāh(i), preposition + noun Allāh. Li- is a dative preposition.

The word Allāh (Arabic: ٱلله‎) means "The God", and it is a contraction of the definite article al- and the word ʾilāh (Arabic: إِلَـٰه‎, "god, deity"). Like in English, the article is used here to single out the noun as being the only one of its kind, "the God" (the one and only) or "God". Therefore, Allāh is the Arabic word for "God". ʾilāh is the Arabic cognate of the ancient Semitic name for God, El.

The phrase is first found in the first verse of the first sura of the Qur'an (Al-Fatiha). So frequently do Muslims and Arabic-speaking Jews and Christians invoke this phrase that the quadriliteral verb hamdala (Arabic: حَـمْـدَلَ‎), "to say al-ḥamdu li-llāh" was coined, and the derived noun ḥamdalah (Arabic: حَـمْـدَلَـة‎) is used as a name for this phrase.[2] The triconsonantal root Ḥ-M-D (Arabic: ح م د‎), meaning "praise", can also be found in the names Muhammad, Mahmud, Hamid and Ahmad.

Translation[edit]

Alhamdulillah
Arabicالحمد لله
Romanizational-ḥamdu li-llāh
Literal meaningPraise to God

English translations of alhamdulillah include:

Use in other historical sources[edit]

Jabir ibn Abd-Allah wrote in a hadith that Muhammad, said: "The best remembrance of God is to repeat lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh and the best prayer (du'a) is al-ḥamdu li-llāh." (Narrated by Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, and Hakim who declared its chain 'sound'.) Abu Huraira wrote that Muhammad said: "Any matter of importance which is not begun with al-ḥamdu li-llāh remains defective." From Abu Dawood. Anas bin Malik wrote that Muhammad said: "God is pleased with his slave who says, al-ḥamdu li-llāh when he takes a morsel of food and drinks a draught of water."[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mike Campbell?. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Tahmid". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  2. ^ a b c Wehr, H.; Cowan, J. M. (1979). A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic (PDF) (4th ed.). Spoken Language Services.

External links[edit]