Aliaskhab Kebekov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ali Abu Mukhammad)
Jump to: navigation, search
Aliaskhab Alibulatovich Kebekov
Алиасхаб Алибулатович Кебеков
Emir of the Caucasus Emirate
In office
18 March 2014 – 19 April 2015
Preceded by Dokka Umarov
Succeeded by Magomed Suleymanov[1]
Supreme Qadi of the Sharia Court
In office
14 October 2010 – 19 April 2015
Preceded by Magomed Vagabov
Succeeded by Unknown
Personal details
Born Aliaskhab Alibulatovich Kebekov
(1972-01-01)1 January 1972
Sovetsky District, Dagestan, RSFSR, USSR
Died 19 April 2015(2015-04-19) (aged 43)
Buynaksk, Dagestan, Russia
Nationality Avar
Religion Islam
Military service
Battles/wars Insurgency in the North Caucasus

Aliaskhab Alibulatovich Kebekov (Russian: Алиасхаб Алибулатович Кебеков; 1 January 1972 – 19 April 2015),[2] also known as Ali Abu Mukhammad (Russian: Али Абу-Мухаммад),[3] was a Dagestani militant Islamist in Russia and the leader of the Caucasus Emirate following the death of inaugural leader Dokka Umarov. Following in the same religious tradition as Umarov, he adhered to the ideology of Salafism.[4] The United States Department of State added Kebekov to its list of Specially Designated Global Terrorists on March 25, 2015.[5] On 19 April 2015, Kebekov was killed by Russian security forces during special operations in the settlement of Gerei-Avlak in Buynaksk.[6] An Avar by nationality, Kebekov was the first non-Chechen to lead the North Caucasus insurgency.

Early life and career[edit]

Aliaskhab Kebekov was born on 1 January 1972 in what is now the Shamilsky District of Dagestan.[2] He joined the Vilayat Dagestan wing of the Caucasus Emirate. In October 2010, Kebekov was appointed by Dokka Umarov as the Qadi or judge of the Caucasus Emirate, responsible for giving Shariah rulings on the groups actions. Kebekov accepted the role, despite expressing doubts about his suitability, as he was not a Mujtahid or a scholar with extensive knowledge of the Koran and Sunnah.[3]

Caucasus Emirate leadership[edit]

On 16 January 2014, an audio clip was posted on YouTube, in which a voice claiming to be Kebekov acknowledged receiving the news that Umarov had died. Kebekov seemingly rejected the proposal by other emirs of the group that he should succeed Umarov, stating that he had no military experience and had never served as a commander; instead he proposed Aslambek Vadalov for the role.[7] Nonetheless, in March he acceded to demands and accepted the appointment.[8] The Caucasus Emirate linked Kavkaz Center announced Kebekov's appointment, together with acknowledgment of Umarov's death.[9] In the weeks after this announcement, the site also posted pledges of allegiance to Kebekov from groups in Dagestan, Chechnya, Ingushetia and Kabardino-Balkaria, as well as members of the Chechen-led Syria-based Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar.[10]

In a video recording posted on the Internet in June 2014, Kebekov apologised to civilians that had been harmed by Caucasus Emirate attacks and stated that civilians should not be targeted by the group. He also called on militants not to use Black Widows in armed attacks or suicide bombings.[11] The Caucasus Emirate has become more active in their insurgent activities. On 5 October 2014 a suicide bombing near the Grozny city hall took place. Five Russian police officers were killed, the suicide bomber was also killed, 12 other people were wounded. The Caucasus Emirate took credit for the attack.[12] Byutukayev took responsibility for the 2014 Grozny clashes during which 14 Russian policemen were killed and 35 total people were wounded. The attack was one of the largest since the December 2013 Volgograd bombings, which were also carried out by the Caucasus Emirate.[13] The day after the Grozny attack a Russian Federal Security Service building in neighboring Dagestan was reported to be engulfed in flames. If the attack was carried out by the Caucasus Emirate this would represent three large scale attacks in three months.[14]

In late 2014 and early 2015, at least 6 field commanders of the Caucasus Emirate, and an unknown number of ordinary members, switched their allegiance from Kebekov to the Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.[15] On 19 April 2015, Kebekov was killed by Russian security forces in special operations during a raid on a house in the settlement of Gerei-Avlak in Buynaksk.[6][16] He was reportedly succeeded as Caucasus Emirate leader by Magomed Suleymanov.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "North Caucasus Insurgency Selects New Leader". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Али Абу-Мухаммад (Кебеков Алиасхаб Алибулатович)". Caucasus Knot. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Chechen rebel leader Doku Umarov 'dead'". Long War Journal. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  4. ^ http://www.ict.org.il/Article/132/Salafist-Takfiri%20Jihadism%20the%20Ideology%20of%20the%20Caucasus%20Emirate Salafist-Takfiri Jihadism: The Ideology of the Caucasus Emirate
  5. ^ "Terrorist Designation of Aliaskhab Kebekov". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Russian troops kill leader of Islamic Caucasus Emirate". Long War Journal. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Is Doku Umarov Really Dead? Assessing The Circumstantial Evidence". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Chechen militant leader Doku Umarov is dead: Reports". The Times of India. 19 March 2014. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ali Abu Muhammad al Dagestani, the new emir of the Islamic Caucasus Emirate". BBC. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "North Caucasus Fighters in Syria Pledge Allegiance to Umarov's Successor". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  11. ^ ""Imarat Kavkaz" leader calls on militants to abandon suicide bombings and terror acts against civilians". Caucasian Knot. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Five killed in suicide bombing in Chechen capital". BBC. 
  13. ^ "In Kremlin speech, Putin rails at West, tries to bolster economy as recession looms". Washington Post. 
  14. ^ "Russia Intelligence Service Building on Fire in Dagestan". Yahoo. 
  15. ^ Liz Fuller (2015-01-02). "Six North Caucasus Insurgency Commanders Transfer Allegiance To Islamic State". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 2015-01-28. 
  16. ^ "Russia says kills head of North Caucasus Islamist insurgency". Reuters. 20 April 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Doku Umarov
Emir of the Caucasus Emirate
2014-2015
Succeeded by
Magomed Suleymanov