Ali Akbar Moinfar

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Ali Akbar Moinfar
علی اکبر معین فر.jpg
Ali Akbar Moinfar at his work desk, circa 1980.
Minister of Petroleum
In office
29 September 1979 – 2 September 1980
Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Mohammad Javad Tondguyan
Minister without Portfolio for Plan and Budget
In office
13 February 1979 – 29 September 1979
Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan
Succeeded by Ezzatollah Sahabi
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1980 – 28 May 1984
Constituency Tehran, Rey and Shemiranat
Majority 1,439,360 (67.4%)
Personal details
Born (1928-01-14)14 January 1928
Tehran, Persia
Died 2 January 2018(2018-01-02) (aged 89)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Freedom Movement of Iran (affiliate non-member)
Alma mater University of Tehran
Waseda University

Ali Akbar Moinfar (Persian: علی‌اکبر معین‌فر‎; 14 January 1928[1][2] – 2 January 2018) was an Iranian politician and the first oil minister of the Islamic Republic of Iran, serving briefly from 1979 to 1980. He later served as a Member of the Parliament of Iran from 1980 to 1984, representing Tehran, Rey and Shemiranat.

Early life and education[edit]

Moinfar was born in Tehran in May 1928. He graduated with a structural engineering degree from Tehran University in 1951. He furthered his studies in seismic engineering under professor Seiji Naito in Weseda university Japan. [3] [3] [4][5] He was a founding member of the Islamic Association of Engineers.[6]

Early career[edit]

Moinfar worked at the plan and budget organization during the reign of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.[7] He had connections with the Freedom of Iran movement, which was led by Mehdi Bazargan.[7] However, this link was not formal and he never attached himself to the movement.[8]

Political career[edit]

Following the 1979 revolution, Moinfar became one of the members of the Revolutionary Council.[4][9][10] He also acted as the spokesman of the council.[11] He was named minister of budget and planning to the interim government headed by Mehdi Bazargan.[12]

Oil ministry[edit]

In September 1979, Moinfar was appointed oil minister in a cabinet reshuffle, becoming the first oil minister of Iran in September 1979,[13][14] when the office was established.[7][15] He was also appointed chairman and managing director of the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), replacing Hasan Nazih.[7][16]

Moinfar continued to serve as oil minister after the resignation of the interim government of Bazargan in November 1979. He also won a parliamentary seat in the 1980 general elections.[8] However, he was harshly criticized by the fundamentalists for removing ‘only committed Moslems’ rather than leftists from the ministry.[17] Moinfar's tenure lasted until September 1980 when Mohammad Ali Rajai formed the cabinet.[18] Ashgar Ibrahimi was nominated to succeed Moinfar as oil minister.[18] However, Ibrahimi did not get necessary vote at the Majlis, and Mohammad Javad Baqer Tondguyan became the oil minister.[19]

Parliamentary years[edit]

Moinfar served as a parliament member until 1984. He was beaten by nearly ten conservative members of the parliament in 1983.[20] He ran for office in the 1996 elections, but his candidacy was rejected by the Guardian Council.[21]

Later years[edit]

Moinfar never left Iran except to visit his children who lived overseas.[22] He was an honorary member of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering.[23]

Death[edit]

Moinfar died on 2 January 2018 in Tehran, 12 days before his 90th birthday.[2][24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "درگذشت معین فر؛ اولین وزیر نفت ایران - پیام سرای زنده 110". live110.ir (in Persian). Retrieved 2018-01-03. 
  2. ^ a b "تاریخ ایرانی - درگذشت معین‌فر؛ اولین وزیر نفت ایران". www.tarikhirani.ir. Retrieved 3 January 2018. 
  3. ^ a b Hossein Shahidi (11 May 2007). Journalism in Iran: From Mission to Profession. Routledge. p. 143. ISBN 978-1-134-09391-5. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Takashi Oka (17 January 1980). "Japan agonizes over joining West against Iran, USSR". The Christian Science Monitor. Tokyo. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Iranian oil officials threatened with purge". Edmonton Journal. 2 October 1979. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  6. ^ Ali Ayoubi (2 February 2016), "مروری بر کارنامه انجمن اسلامی مهندسین", Shargh (in Persian) (2511) 
  7. ^ a b c d Shaul Bakhash (1982). The Politics of Oil and Revolution in Iran: A Staff Paper. Brookings Institution Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-8157-1776-8. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Bahman Baktiari (1996). Parliamentary Politics in Revolutionary Iran: The Institutionalization of Factional Politics. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. p. 69.   – via Questia (subscription required)
  9. ^ Hossein Amirsadeghi (23 April 2012). The Security of the Persian Gulf (RLE Iran A). Routledge. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-415-61050-6. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  10. ^ Rubin, Barry (1980). Paved with Good Intentions (PDF). New York: Penguin Books. p. 283. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Bani Sadr: US should admit Iran crimes". The Lewiston Daily Sun. 29 January 1980. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  12. ^ "Iran leader fires national oil firm head". St. Petersburg Times. London. AP. 29 September 1979. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Hossein Shahidi. Journalism in Iran: From Mission to Profession. Routledge. p. 143. ISBN 978-1-134-09391-5. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  14. ^ Hosseini, Mir M. "5 February 1979 A.D.: Bazargan Becomes Prime Minister". Fouman. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "Oil chief replaced". The Glasgow Herald. Tehran. 29 September 1979. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  16. ^ Dilip Hiro (1987). Iran Under the Ayatollahs. Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-7102-1123-1. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "The Economy according to Islam". New Internationalist. 1 September 1980. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "Bani Sadr disowns most of long-awaited cabinet". The Glasgow Herald. 1 September 1980. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  19. ^ "Joint Crisis: Supreme Defense Council of Iran, 1980" (PDF). Harvard Model United Nations. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  20. ^ Reza Haghighat Nejad (19 August 2013). ""Put That Gun In Your Pocket!" The 10 Most Embarrassing Moments in Iran's Parliament". Iran Wire. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "Human Rights and Parliamentary Elections in the Islamic Republic of Iran". Human Rights Watch. 8 (1). March 1996. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  22. ^ Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammadi; Ali Mohammadi (January 1987). "Post-Revolutionary Iranian Exiles: A Study in Impotence". Third World Quarterly. 9 (1): 108–129. doi:10.1080/01436598708419964. JSTOR 3991849. 
  23. ^ "Letter to Giorgio Napolitano" (PDF). The European Association for Earthquake Engineering. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  24. ^ "Iran's First Petroleum Minister Ali Akbar Moinfar Dies at 90". Ilna. 2 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ali Akbar Moinfar at Wikimedia Commons