Ali Amini

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Ali Amini
Ali Amini Portrait (cropped).jpg
67th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
5 May 1961 – 19 July 1962
MonarchMohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
Preceded byJafar Sharif-Emami
Succeeded byAsadollah Alam
Minister of Finance
In office
19 August 1953 – 6 April 1955
Prime MinisterFazlollah Zahedi
Preceded byNezam-ed-din Emami
Succeeded byNasrollah Jahangir
Minister of National Economy
In office
5 August 1951 – 16 July 1952
Prime MinisterMohammad Mosaddegh
Preceded byShamseddin Amir-Alaei
Succeeded byBagher Kazemi
Personal details
Born12 September 1905
Tehran, Iran
Died12 December 1992(1992-12-12) (aged 87)
Paris, France
Political party
Spouse(s)Batoul Voosough
Children1
MotherFakhr-ol-dowleh (mother)
RelativesMozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar (grandfather)
Alma materUniversity of Tehran

Ali Amini (12 September 1905 – 12 December 1992) was an Iranian politician and writer who was the Prime Minister of Iran from 6 May 1961 to 19 July 1962.

Early life[edit]

Amini was born on 12 September 1905 in Tehran.[1][2] He was a grandson of Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar through his mother, Fakhr ol dowleh. He completed his studies first in Darolfonoon and then in France where he graduated with a degree in law from Grenoble University,[3] followed by his Ph.D in economics from Paris.

He became involved in politics through the help of Ali Akbar Davar who gave him a position in the judiciary.

Career[edit]

At the age of 37, Amini was selected as a minister to serve in the cabinet of Ahmad Ghavam. He was a member of the National Front, but broke away from the party in 1952.[3]

He was the minister of culture from 1952 to 1953. He became minister of economic affairs in the cabinet of Fazlollah Zahedi and remain in office until 1955. The same year he was named the ambassador to the US.[3] His tendencies were pro-American to the extent that made the Shah uncomfortable. Mohammad Reza Shah in particular distrusted Amini's popularity and friendship with then-senator John F. Kennedy. Therefore, his tenure ended in 1958.[3]

Amini after his appointment as prime minister

In the 1950s, Amini was a candidate for premiership. He was appointed prime minister in 1961. In July 1962, however, he was replaced by the Shah's close friend and a major Birjand landowner Asadollah Alam. In the late 1970s, Amini attempted a comeback into Iranian politics at the age of 70. He served as advisor to the Shah during the final days of the Pahlavi Dynasty.

Personal life[edit]

Amini married Batoul Voosough (died 1992) in 1932 and they had a son, Iraj.[1]

Honours[edit]

Amini was awarded Grand Croix of the Legion of Honor in 1962.[4]

Later years and death[edit]

In 1979, Amini moved to Paris, France. There he headed the Front for the Liberation of Iran, a monarchist opposition group.[5] He complained about internal struggles among the exiled Iranian monarchists, saying "We're not even back in Tehran [and] they quarrel over the name of the country's future prime minister."[5] He wrote his biography published by Harvard University.

He died in Paris on 12 December 1992, aged 87.[1] His body was buried in Passy Cemetery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Moin, Baqer (17 December 1992). "Obituary: Ali Amini". The Independent. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  2. ^ http://www.iichs.ir/Picture-4420/علی-امینی-مجدی-در-آیینه-تصاویر(2)/?id=4420
  3. ^ a b c d Rubin, Barry (1980). Paved with Good Intentions (PDF). New York: Penguin Books. p. 106. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013.
  4. ^ "Ali Amini; Foe of Iran's Islamic Government". Los Angeles Times. 17 December 1992. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Rivalry complicates Iranian exile struggle". The Christian Science Monitor. 3 July 1986. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  • Habib Ladjevardi, editor, Memories of Ali Amini (in Persian), second edition, 244 p. (Harvard University Press, 1997). ISBN 0-932885-11-X
  • 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the past three centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).

External links[edit]