|67th Prime Minister of Iran|
5 May 1961 – 19 July 1962
|Monarch||Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi|
|Preceded by||Jafar Sharif-Emami|
|Succeeded by||Asadollah Alam|
|Minister of Finance|
19 August 1953 – 6 April 1955
|Prime Minister||Fazlollah Zahedi|
|Preceded by||Nezam-ed-din Emami|
|Succeeded by||Nasrollah Jahangir|
|Minister of National Economy|
5 August 1951 – 16 July 1952
|Prime Minister||Mohammad Mosaddegh|
|Preceded by||Shamseddin Amir-Alaei|
|Succeeded by||Bagher Kazemi|
|Born||12 September 1905|
|Died||12 December 1992 (aged 87)|
|Relatives||Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar (grandfather)|
|Alma mater||University of Tehran|
Amini was born on 12 September 1905 in Tehran. He was a grandson of Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar through his mother, Fakhr ol dowleh. He completed his studies first in Darolfonoon and then in France where he graduated with a degree in law from Grenoble University, followed by his Ph.D in economics from Paris.
He became involved in politics through the help of Ali Akbar Davar who gave him a position in the judiciary.
He was the minister of culture from 1952 to 1953. He became minister of economic affairs in the cabinet of Fazlollah Zahedi and remain in office until 1955. The same year he was named the ambassador to the US. His tendencies were pro-American to the extent that made the Shah uncomfortable. Mohammad Reza Shah in particular distrusted Amini's popularity and friendship with then-senator John F. Kennedy. Therefore, his tenure ended in 1958.
In the 1950s, Amini was a candidate for premiership. He was appointed prime minister in 1961. In July 1962, however, he was replaced by the Shah's close friend and a major Birjand landowner Asadollah Alam. In the late 1970s, Amini attempted a comeback into Iranian politics at the age of 70. He served as advisor to the Shah during the final days of the Pahlavi Dynasty.
Amini married Batoul Voosough (died 1992) in 1932 and they had a son, Iraj.
Later years and death
In 1979, Amini moved to Paris, France. There he headed the Front for the Liberation of Iran, a monarchist opposition group. He complained about internal struggles among the exiled Iranian monarchists, saying "We're not even back in Tehran [and] they quarrel over the name of the country's future prime minister." He wrote his biography published by Harvard University.
- Moin, Baqer (17 December 1992). "Obituary: Ali Amini". The Independent. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Rubin, Barry (1980). Paved with Good Intentions (PDF). New York: Penguin Books. p. 106. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013.
- "Ali Amini; Foe of Iran's Islamic Government". Los Angeles Times. 17 December 1992. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- "Rivalry complicates Iranian exile struggle". The Christian Science Monitor. 3 July 1986. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- Habib Ladjevardi, editor, Memories of Ali Amini (in Persian), second edition, 244 p. (Harvard University Press, 1997). ISBN 0-932885-11-X
- 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the past three centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).