Ali Hassan Mwinyi
|Ali Hassan Mwinyi|
|2nd President of Tanzania|
5 November 1985 – 23 November 1995
|Prime Minister||Joseph Warioba (1985–90)
John Malecela (1990–94)
Cleopa Msuya (1994–95)
|Vice President||Joseph Warioba
|Preceded by||Julius Nyerere|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Mkapa|
|3rd President of Zanzibar|
30 January 1984 – 24 October 1985
|Preceded by||Aboud Jumbe|
|Succeeded by||Idris Abdul Wakil|
8 May 1925 |
Kivure, Pwani Region, British Tanganyika
|Spouse(s)||Siti Mwinyi (m. 1960)|
|Relations||Hussein Mwinyi (son)|
During Mwinyi's terms Tanzania took the first steps to reverse the socialist policies of Julius Nyerere.  He relaxed import restrictions and encouraged private enterprise. It was during his second term that multi-party politics were introduced under pressure from foreign donors. Often referred to as Mzee Rukhsa ("Everything goes"), he pushed for liberalization of morals, beliefs, values (without breaking the law) and the economy. Many argue that during Mwinyi's tenure the country was in transition from the failed socialist orientation of Julius Nyerere that brought its economy to its knees. It was during Mwinyi's administration that Tanzania made some of the crucial decisions towards the liberalization of its economy that paved the way for short-term economic growth.
Honours and awards
|Order of Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere||Tanzania||2011|
|The Open University of Tanzania||Tanzania||Doctor of Letters||2012|
|The East African University||Kenya||Doctor of Philosophy in Business Management||2013|
- Ali Hassan Mwinyi Road, one of the major roads in Dar es Salaam
- Ali Hassan Mwinyi Stadium, Tabora
- Europa Publications (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Routledge. p. 1193. ISBN 1-85743-217-7.
- Brennan, James R.; Burton, Andrew (2007). Dar es Salaam: histories from an emerging African metropolis. African Books Collective. p. 252. ISBN 9987-449-70-0.
- Cowen, Michael; Laakso, Liisa (2002). Multi-party elections in Africa. James Currey. p. 295. ISBN 0-85255-843-0.
- Pike, John. "Tanzania - Ali Hassan Mwinyi". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- "Why OUT awarded Mzee Ruksa a honorary degree". IPP Media. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Former President Mwinyi conferred with PhD". in2eastafrica.net. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2014.