Ali Mardan Khan
Ali Mardan Khan (Persian: علی مردان خان, Urdu: علی مردان خان) (died April 1657) was a Kurdish military leader and administrator, serving under the Safavid kings Shah Abbas I and Shah Safi, and later the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. He was the son of Ganj Ali Khan. After surrendering the city of Qandahar, part of the easternmost territories of the Safavids to the Mughals in 1638, he served with distinction in the Mughal administration, earning the highest honors of the Mughal court.
Ali Mardan Khan was the Safavid governor of Qandahar. He had been in arrears with his revenues. He was summoned by Shah Tahmasp to appear at the court, but avoided doing so. On being dismissed from office, he sought the assistance from the governor of Kabul and the commander of Ghazni. In 1638, he surrendered Qandahar to the Mughals, and took refuge in Delhi. He was honoured at the Mughal court. Shah Jahan gifted one lakh of tankas for himself and two lakhs for his brother and the officers of his army. He was appointed governor of Kashmir, Kabul and Lahore.
A garden named after him "Bagh i Ali Mardan Khan" still survives in Srinagar Kashmir.
- Tomb of Ali Mardan Khan
- J.J.L. Gommans, "Mughal Warfare: Indian Frontiers and Highroads to Empire 1500–1700" one year after the Kurdish turncoat Ali Mardan Khan had handed Qandahar
- Rajmohan Gandhi, "Punjab: A History from Aurangzeb to Mountbatten" Shah Jahan's chief engineer for such projects was a Kurdish general, Ali Mardan Khan
- The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Supplement : Fascicules 1-2, By Clifford Edmund Bosworth, E. Van Donzel, B. Lewis, pg. 63
- Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2007). The Mughul Empire, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-407-1, p.204
- Mahajan, V.D. (1991, reprint 2007). History of Medieval India, Part II, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, p.144
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