Ali Mohamed Daoud

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Ali Mohamed Daoud, also known as Jean-Marie[1][2] (born 28 August 1950[3]), is a Djiboutian politician and the President of the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD). He is currently a member of the National Assembly of Djibouti.

Life and career[edit]

Daoud is a member of the Afar ethnic group.[4] FRUD, fighting on behalf of Afar interests, began a rebellion against the Issa-dominated government in 1991. Daoud led the moderate faction of FRUD in signing a peace agreement with the government in December 1994. As a result of the agreement,[5] he joined the government (together with one other FRUD member, Secretary-General Ougouré Kiflé Ahmed[6][7]) as Minister of Public Health and Social Affairs on 8 June 1995.[3][6] Daoud's faction of FRUD also allied with the governing People's Rally for Progress (RPP).[5] On 15–16 April 1997, FRUD held its First Congress; Daoud, who was already FRUD President, remained in that position at the congress.[4] Daoud was elected to the National Assembly in the December 1997 parliamentary election[3] as the first candidate on the joint candidate list of the RPP and FRUD for Tadjourah Region.[8]

Daoud was moved from his post as Minister of Public Health and Social Affairs to that of Minister of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and the Sea on 12 May 1999;[9] he was also assigned responsibility for hydraulic resources.[3] After holding that post for two years, he was omitted from the government that was appointed on 4 July 2001.[10] FRUD held its Second Ordinary Congress on 28–29 April 2002, and Daoud was re-elected as FRUD President.[11]

Daoud was re-elected in the January 2003 parliamentary election[3] as the first candidate on the candidate list of the ruling coalition, the Union for a Presidential Majority (UMP), in Tadjourah Region.[12] In this election, the other, more radical wing of FRUD, led by Ahmed Dini Ahmed, participated in the election as part of the opposition; Daoud criticized Ahmed as a "perpetual loser".[13]

President Ismail Omar Guelleh awarded the medal of the Commander of the Great Star of Djibouti to Daoud and Ougouré Kiflé Ahmed during independence day celebrations on 27 June 2004.[14] At FRUD's Third Congress, held on 30–31 May 2007, Daoud was re-elected as President of FRUD by acclamation, without opposition.[15] He was again re-elected to the National Assembly in the February 2008 parliamentary election as the second candidate on the UMP's candidate list for the city of Djibouti.[16]


  1. ^ "Djibouti: Political opposition parties (This Response replaces an earlier version dated 13 January 1999.)", Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (UNHCR Refworld), DJI31018.FE, 1 February 1999.
  2. ^ Samy Ghorbal, "Grands espoirs et petites déceptions", Jeune Afrique, 25 June 2006 (French).
  3. ^ a b c d e "Short CV at National Assembly website". Archived from the original on 2005-12-02. Retrieved 2005-12-02.  (French).
  4. ^ a b "First FRUD congress held", Indian Ocean Newsletter, 16 April 1997 (Horn of Africa Monthly Review, 21 February–28 April 1997).
  5. ^ a b Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 180.
  6. ^ a b Christophe Farah, "Ex-rebels in Djibouti's coalition government", Reuters, 9 June 1995.
  7. ^ "Jun 1995 - Djibouti Cabinet", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 41, June 1995, Djibouti, page 40,587.
  8. ^ "Décret n°97-0175/PRE abrogeant et remplaçant le décret n°97-0170/PRE portant publication des listes de candidats et ouverture de la campagne électorale pour les élections législatives du 19 décembre 1997", Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti, 16 December 1997 (French).
  9. ^ "Décret n°99-0059/PRE portant nomination des membres du Gouvernement et fixant leurs attributions", Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti, 12 May 1999 (French).
  10. ^ "Le gouvernement de Djibouti formé le 4 juillet 2001", Afrique Express, number 232, 16 July 2001 (French).
  11. ^ "Le Conseil National du FRUD élit les 19 membres de son Comité Exécutif", ADI, 4 May 2002 (French).
  12. ^ "Décret n°2002-0261/PR/MID Portant publication des listes des candidats en vue des élections législatives du vendredi 10 janvier 2003", Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti, 25 December 2002 (French).
  13. ^ "Djiboutis to vote Friday in Parliamentary polls", Middle East Online, 9 January 2003.
  14. ^ "Décoration de deux importantes personnalités politiques", La Nation, 28 June 2004 (French).
  15. ^ "M. Ali Mohamed Daoud réélu président du Frud", ADI, 3 June 2007 (French).
  16. ^ "Liste des 65 candidats de l’UMP pour les législatives de février 2008", ADI, 22 January 2008 (French).