Ali Mohammed Khan

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Nawab Muhammad Khan Bangash, ca 1730, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

Ali Muhammad Khan (bf. 1706 – September 15, 1748)[1][2] was a Rohilla (Pashtun highlander that settled in Rohilkhand) chief who founded the state of Rohilkhand in the northwestern region of the Uttar Pradesh state of India. He succeeded rohilla Sardar Daud Khan and helped develop Rohilkhand into a powerful nation, which became independent in 1721. In 1746, due to an altercation over the collection of wood between the construction workers of Safdar Jang with the forest guards of Ali Muhammad Khan, Safdar Jang decided to eliminate him.[3] Safdar Jang of Oudh informed the Mughal emperor of India Muhammad Shah[4] (ruled 1719–1748), through Qamar-ud-din Khan[3] about Ali Mohammed Khan's supposed intentions to create his own Sultanate. Mohammed Shah sent an expedition against him, as a result of which he was imprisoned. Later he was pardoned and made governor of Sirhind.[3] After Nadir Shah, the conqueror of Iran, took control of Kabul and sacked Delhi in 1739, Ali Mohammed Khan returned to his homeland and ruled the independent state of Rohilkhand until his death in 1748.

Faizullah Khan was the second son of Ali Muhammad Khan. He assumed rule of the Rohillas after his father's death.

Descendants[5][edit]

  • Nawab Syed Abdullah Khan first son from wife Marghalari Begum (hailing from Matni tribe)
  • Nawab Syed Faizullah Khan second son from wife Marghalari Begum (hailing from Matni tribe)
  • Nawab Syed Saadullah Khan from wife Sarah Begum (of Bunerwal)
  • Nawab Syed Muhammad Yar Khan son from wife Lado Begum
  • Nawab Syed Alah-Yar Khan son from wife Raj Begum
  • Syed Murtaza Khan
  • Shah Begum, daughter, from wife Marghalari Begum (wife of Inayat Khan son of Hafiz Rehmat Khan)
  • Niyaz Begum, daughter [and wife of Shah Muhammad Khan brother of Hafiz Rehmat Khan],
  • Masoom Begum, daughter, [and wife of Zabita Khan]
  • Inayat Begum, daughter, [wife of Bahadur Khan Kamal Zai]
  • a daughter, name unknown, who died in childhood and was engaged to a son of Qamar-ud-din Khan

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ali Muhammad Khan Rohilla (1706-1748) is not to be confused with Nawab Muhammad Khan Bangash (1665-1743)
  2. ^ The original author listed 1725 – 1749, but other websites claimed he made the Rohilla kingdom independent in 1721, see [1]
  3. ^ a b c Khan, Muhammad Najm-ul-Ghani (1918). Akhbar-us-Sanadeed, vol. 1. Lucknow: Munshi Nawal Kishore. pp. 146–152. 
  4. ^ Muhammad Shah (1702–1748) was a Mughal emperor of India between 1719 and 1748
  5. ^ Khan,, Mohammad Najm-ul-Ghani Khan (1918). Akhbar-us-Sanadeed, vol. 1. Lucknow: Munshi Nawal Kishore. pp. 195–196.