Ali Rıza Efendi
He was born in Salonica/Thessaloniki in present day Greek Macedonia but then the most important city in the Ottoman Empire in Europe after Constantinople/Istanbul. He worked as a customs official and died in 1888, when his son was 7 years old. He is thought to be of Albanian origin by some, although Falih Rıfkı Atay, journalist and close friend of Atatürk, holds that he descends from Turks of Söke, in Aydın Province. Historian and biographer Patrick Kinross writes that "this can only be a matter for surmise".
- Falih Fırkı Atay, Çankaya: Atatürk'ün doğumundan ölümüne kadar, Betaş, İstanbul, 1984, p. 17. (Turkish)
- Şevket Süreyya Aydemir, Tek Adam: Mustafa Kemal, Birinci Cilt: 1881 - 1919, 14th edition, Remzi Kitabevi, 1997, ISBN 975-14-0212-3, p. 32.
- Mango, Andrew, Ataturk: The Biography of the Founder of Modern Turkey, (Overlook TP, 2002), p. 27.
- Lou Giaffo: Albania: Eye of the Balkan Vortex[page needed]
- Jackh, Ernest, The Rising Crescent, (Goemaere Press, 2007), p. 31, Turkish mother and Albanian father
- Isaac Frederick Marcosson, Turbulent years, Ayer Publishing, 1969, p. 144.
- Richmond, Yale, From Da to Yes: understanding the East Europeans, (Intercultural Press Inc., 1995), 212.
- Vamik D. Volkan, Norman Itzkowitz, Ölümsüz Atatürk (Immortal Ataturk), Bağlam Yayınları, 1998, ISBN 975-7696-97-8, p. 37, dipnote no. 6 (Atay, 1980, s. 17).
- Ataturk: the Rebirth of a Nation by Patrick Kinross, Orion Publishing Co. (August 26, 1993), p.4;Whether, like most Macedonians, he had about him a touch of the hybrid - perhaps of the Slav or Albanian - can only be a matter for surmise.
- Memorial house of Ataturk in Kodžadžik