Early life and education
Shamkhani was born on 29 September 1955 in Ahvaz, Khuzestan. His family are of Iranian Arab origin. Before the Iranian Revolution, Shamkhani was member of a clandestine Islamist guerilla group named Mansouroun (lit. The Victors), engaging in armed struggle against Pahlavi dynasty. After the revolution, he joined the Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization. He studied engineering at Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz.
Shamkhani served as the commander of the IRGC navy with the rank of rear admiral. Later he also commanded the Artesh navy in addition to the IRGC navy. He was appointed as the Minister of Revolutionary Guards in 1988.
Then he held the post of the minister of defense from August 1997 until August 2005 in the government of Mohammad Khatami. Shamkani was replaced by Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar in the post. In the 2001 presidential elections Shamkhani run for office.
Awards and honors
In 2003, Shamkhani received Shoja'at Medal, highest military medal from President Mohammad Khatami.[not in citation given] He was also honored for his eight years service as minister of defence in 2005. In 2004, Shamkhani received Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud, highest Medal in Saudi Arabia from King Fahd for his prominent role in the design and implementation in developing relations with Arabic countries in the Persian Gulf. He is the first Iranian minister to receive the medal.
- عنوان : اولين مراسم اهدا نشان فتح Navide Shahed
- Biography Hamshahri Online
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Media related to Ali Shamkhani at Wikimedia Commons
Mohammad Hossein Malekzadegan
|Commander of the Army's Navy
|Commander of the IRGC Navy
|Minister of Revolutionary Guards
(as Minister of Defense)
|Minister of Defense
|Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council