Ali Shamkhani

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Amir
Ali Shamkhani
Ali Shamkhani by Tasnim 02.jpg
Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council
Assumed office
10 September 2013
President Hassan Rouhani
Preceded by Saeed Jalili
Minister of Defence
In office
19 August 1997 – 24 August 2005
President Mohammad Khatami
Preceded by Mohammad Forouzandeh
Succeeded by Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar
Minister of Revolutionary Guards
In office
20 September 1988 – 21 August 1989
President Ali Khamenei
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Prime Minister Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded by Mohsen Rafighdoost
Succeeded by Akbar Torkan (as minister of defence)
Personal details
Born (1955-09-29) 29 September 1955 (age 61)
Ahvaz, Iran
Political party Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (1979–1981)
Alma mater Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Military service
Allegiance Iran Iran
Service/branch IRGC Army (1981–84)
IRGC Navy (1984–97)
IRIA Navy (1989–97)
Years of service 1981–1997
Rank 19- دریابان-a.png Rear Admiral
Commands Navy of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution
Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
Battles/wars Iran–Iraq War
Awards Fath Medal 1st Order.jpg Fath Medal 2nd Order.jpg Fath Medal 2nd Order.jpg One 1st garde and Two 2nd grade Fath Medal[1][2]
Spange des König-Abdulaziz-Ordens.png Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud[3]

Ali Shamkhani (Persian and Khuzestani Arabic: علی شمخانی, born 29 September 1955) is an Iranian Rear Admiral Upper Half. He is the secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Iran.

Early life and education[edit]

Shamkhani was born on 29 September 1955 in Ahvaz, Khuzestan. His family are of Iranian Arab origin.[4][5] Before the Iranian Revolution, Shamkhani was member of a clandestine Islamist guerilla group named Mansouroun (lit. The Victors), engaging in armed struggle against Pahlavi dynasty. After the revolution, he joined the Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization.[6] He studied engineering at Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz.[7]

Career[edit]

Shamkhani served as the commander of the IRGC navy with the rank of rear admiral.[8] Later he also commanded the Artesh navy in addition to the IRGC navy.[9] He was appointed as the Minister of Revolutionary Guards in 1988.[10]

Then he held the post of the minister of defense from August 1997 until August 2005 in the government of Mohammad Khatami.[11][12][13] Shamkani was replaced by Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar in the post.[9] In the 2001 presidential elections Shamkhani run for office.[5][14]

He was the director of the Iranian Armed Forces' Center for Strategic Studies from 2005 to 2013.[15][16] He is also military advisor to the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.[17][18]

On 10 September 2013, Shamkhani was appointed secretary of the Supreme National Security Council by President Hassan Rouhani.[18]

Awards and honors[edit]

In 2003, Shamkhani received Shoja'at Medal, highest military medal from President Mohammad Khatami.[19][not in citation given] He was also honored for his eight years service as minister of defence in 2005.[19] In 2004, Shamkhani received Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud, highest Medal in Saudi Arabia from King Fahd for his prominent role in the design and implementation in developing relations with Arabic countries in the Persian Gulf.[19][20] He is the first Iranian minister to receive the medal.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ عنوان : اولين مراسم اهدا نشان فتح Navide Shahed
  2. ^ farsnews
  3. ^ Biography Hamshahri Online
  4. ^ Bar, Shmuel (2004). "Iranian Defense Doctrine and Decision Making" (PDF). Institute for Policy and Strategy. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Antony Preston (August 2001). "Yards Compete for Denmark's Command and Support Vessels". Navy League of the United States. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Alfoneh, Ali (2013), Iran Unveiled: How the Revolutionary Guards Is Transforming Iran from Theocracy into Military Dictatorship, AEI Press, p. 10 
  7. ^ "Ali Shamkhani". Los Angeles Times. Tehran. 15 November 1998. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Zeb, Rizwan (12 February 2003). "The emerging Indo-Iranian strategic alliance and Pakistan". CACI Analyst. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Fulton, Will (7 August 2013). "Rouhani’s Cautious Pick for Defense Minister". Al Monitor. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Rahnema, Ali (February 20, 2013) [December 15, 2008]. "ii. Jamʿiyat-e Moʾtalefa and the Islamic Revolution". JAMʿIYAT-E MOʾTALEFA-YE ESLĀMI i. Hayʾathā-ye Moʾtalefa-ye Eslāmi 1963-79. Encyclopædia Iranica. Fasc. 5. XIV. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. pp. 483–500. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  11. ^ Bahman Baktiari (1996). Parliamentary Politics in Revolutionary Iran: The Institutionalization of Factional Politics. University Press of Florida. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-8130-1461-6. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  12. ^ Mehran Riazaty (29 June 2005). "Iran's new president". American Thinker. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Rachel Ingber (14 August 1997). "Khatami's Cabinet Choices: On the Record" (Policy Watch 264). Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  14. ^ Sahliyeh, Emile (2002). "The reforming elections in Iran, 2000–2001" (PDF). Electoral Studies. 21. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Iran to Down Other US Drones If Violations Continue". The Journal of Turkish Weekly. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "General Mohammad Salimi". Iran Briefing. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  17. ^ Jamil Theyabi (12 August 2008). "The Iranian "Giant"". Al Hayat. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "Rouhani Appointed Former Defense Minister as the Secretary of NSC". Nasim Online. 10 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c d علی شمخانی، دبیر شورای عالی امنیت ملی ایران شد Shafaqna
  20. ^ علی شمخانی گزینه اصلی تصدی گری وزارت کشور روحانی Barfaaz

External links[edit]

Media related to Ali Shamkhani at Wikimedia Commons

Military offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Hossein Malekzadegan
Commander of the Army's Navy
1989–1997
Succeeded by
Abbas Mohtaj
Preceded by
Hossein Alaei
Commander of the IRGC Navy
1990–1997
Succeeded by
Morteza Saffari
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohsen Rafighdoost
Minister of Revolutionary Guards
1988–1989
Succeeded by
Akbar Torkan
(as Minister of Defense)
Preceded by
Mohammad Forouzandeh
Minister of Defense
1997–2005
Succeeded by
Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar
Preceded by
Saeed Jalili
Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council
2013–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent