Ali al-Qari

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Ali al-Qari
علي القاري
TitleMulla (Teacher)
Personal
Born
DiedAH 1014 years 1605)[2][3]
ReligionIslam
RegionKhurasan and Makkah
DenominationSunni Islam
JurisprudenceHanafi
CreedMaturidi[1]
Main interest(s)Islamic Jurisprudence, Hadith, Theology
Notable work(s)Mirqat al-Mafatih, Minah al-Rawd al-Azhar
Muslim leader
First page of Content of Handschrift Landberg 295 in the Berlin State Library, which has a large collection of al-Qari's work

Nur ad-Din Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Sultan Muhammad al-Hirawi al-Qari (Arabic: نور الدين أبو الحسن علي بن سلطان محمد الهروي القاري‎; d. 1605/1606), known as Mulla Ali al-Qari (ملا علي القاري) was an Islamic scholar.

He was born in Herat, where he received his basic Islamic education. Thereafter, he traveled to Mecca and studied under the scholar Shaykh Ahmad Ibn Hajar al-Haytami Makki, and al-Qari eventually decided to remain in Mecca where he taught, died and was buried.

He is considered in Hanafi circles [2] to be one of the masters of hadith and imams of fiqh, Qur'anic commentary, language, history and tasawwuf. He was a hafiz (memorizer of the Quran) and a famous calligrapher who wrote a Quran by hand every year.

Al-Qari wrote several books, including the commentary al-Mirqat on Mishkat al-Masabih in several volumes, a two-volume commentary on Qadi Ayyad's Ash-Shifa,[4] a commentary on the Shama'il al-Tirmidhi, and a two-volume commentary on Al-Ghazali's abridgment of the Ihya Ulum ad-Din (The Revival of the Religious Sciences) entitled `Ayn al-`Ilm wa Zayn al-Hilm (The spring of knowledge and the adornment of understanding). He also wrote Daw' al-Ma'ali Sharh Bad' al-Amali (Arabic: ضوء المعالي شرح بدء الأمالي‎), an exposition of Qasida Bad' al-Amali by Siraj al-Din al-Ushi.[3][5]

His most popular work is a collection of prayers (dua), taken from the Quran and the Hadith, called Hizb ul-Azam.[6] The collection is divided into seven chapters, giving one chapter for each day of the week. This work is sometimes found in a collection with the Dalail al-Khayrat.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Minah al-Rawd al-Azhar fi sharh al-Fiqh al-Akbar p.35
  2. ^ a b http://kitaabun.com/shopping3/product_info.php?products_id=610
  3. ^ a b "Mulla Ali al-Qari". www.sunnah.org.
  4. ^ Yedali. "شرح الشفا للقاضي عياض - القاري" – via Internet Archive.
  5. ^ "Tohfat al-A3ali Sharh bad' al-Amali" – via Internet Archive.
  6. ^ "EBook Hizbul Azam" – via Internet Archive.