Ali of Hejaz
|Ali bin Hussein|
|King of Hejaz|
|Reign||3 October 1924 – 19 December 1925|
|Predecessor||Hussein bin Ali|
Ibn Saud (as King of Hejaz)
|Sharif of Mecca|
|Reign||1924 – 1925|
|Predecessor||Hussein Ibn Ali|
Mecca, Ottoman Empire
|Died||February 13, 1935 (aged 55–56)|
Baghdad, Kingdom of Iraq
|Burial||Royal Mausoleum, Adhamiyah|
|Issue||Princess Abdiya |
Crown Prince Abd al-Ilah
|Father||Hussein bin Ali|
|Mother||Abdiya bin Abdullah|
Ali bin Hussein, GBE (Arabic: علي بن الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, ‘Alī ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 1879–1935) was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until he was deposed by Ibn Saud in December 1925. He was the eldest son of Sharif Hussein bin Ali, the first modern King of Hejaz, and a scion of the Hashemite family. With the passing of the kingship from his father he also became the heir to the title of Caliph, but he did not adopt the khalifal office and style.
The eldest son of Hussein, Ali bin Hussein was born in Mecca and was educated at Ghalata Serai College (Galatasaray High School) in Istanbul (Constantinople). His father was appointed Grand Sharif of Mecca by the Ottoman Empire in 1908. However, his relationship with the Young Turks in control of the Empire increasingly became strained, and, in 1916, he became one of the leaders of the Arab Revolt against Turkish rule. Following the Revolt's success, Hussein made himself the first King of Hejaz with British support. While Hussein's sons Abdullah and Faisal were made kings of Jordan and Iraq, respectively, Ali remained the heir to his father's lands in Arabia.
King Hussein soon found himself embroiled in fighting with the House of Saud, based in Riyadh. Following military defeats by Abdulaziz ibn Saud, King Hussein abdicated all of his secular titles to Ali on 3 October 1924. (Hussein had previously awarded himself the religious title of Caliph in March of that year.)
Marriage and children
- Princess Khadija Abdiya – born 1907 – died 14 July 1958.
- Princess Aliya – born 1911 – died 21 December 1950, married her first cousin, Ghazi I King of Iraq, becoming Queen Aliya of Iraq.
- Crown Prince Abd al-Ilah – born 14 November 1913 – died 14 July 1958, married three times first to Melek el-Din Fauzi in 1936 divorced in 1940, then to Faiza al-Tarabulsi in 1948 divorced 1950 and finally to Hiyam 'Abdu'l-Ilah in 1958.
- Princess Badia – born June 1920, married Sharif Hussein bin Ali. They had a son, Sharif Ali bin al-Hussein.
- Princess Jalila – born 1923 – died 28 December 1955, married Sharif Dr. Ahmad Hazim.
- IRAQ – Resurgence In The Shiite World – Part 8 – Jordan & The Hashemite Factors APS Diplomat Redrawing the Islamic Map, Februari 14, 2005[dead link]
- Royal Ark
- Kamal Salibi (15 December 1998). The Modern History of Jordan. I.B.Tauris. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- "Family tree". alhussein.gov. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Information on King Ali's genealogy
- Description of the Royal House of Hejaz
- Family tree of the Hashemites
Ali ibn HusseinBorn: 1879 Died: 13 February 1935
Hussein ibn Ali
| King of Hejaz
4 October 1924 – 19 December 1925
| Sharif and Emir of Mecca
4 October 1924 – 16 October 1924
Khalid ibn Lu'ayy
as Emir of Mecca
|New creation|| Prime Minister of Hejaz
October 1916 – 4 October 1924
Abdullah ibn Hussein
| Emir of Medina
2 February 1919 – 4 October 1924
Ahmad ibn Mansur