|Publisher||MAX (Marvel Comics)|
|Publication date||September 2001 – November 2003|
|No. of issues||28|
|Main character(s)||Jessica Jones|
|Created by||Brian Michael Bendis|
|Written by||Brian Michael Bendis|
|Letterer(s)||Richard Starkings |
|Editor(s)||Stuart Moore |
The protagonist of Alias is Jessica Jones, a former costumed superhero named Jewel who left that life behind to become a private investigator. The running thread is Jessica's character development, as the layers of her past and personality are revealed to the reader while, simultaneously, she tries to come to terms with them herself.
Alias was one of the titles that launched Marvel's "R-Rated" MAX imprint. It was written by Bendis and illustrated for most of its run by Michael Gaydos, with covers by David Mack. Bendis relates in a text piece on the letters page of the book's final issue that it was one of the reasons the imprint was created. Marvel Publishing President Bill Jemas read a draft of the script for the first issue of Alias (which, characteristically, starts with the word "fuck") and exclaimed, "Why couldn't we publish this?"
Being under the MAX imprint imposed certain other limitations on what the creators could do in the series. Bendis gave this as one reason for ending the series and moving the characters to The Pulse.
Some of the flashbacks to Jessica Jones past are drawn in the style of classic 1960s, 1970s, 1980s and 1990s Marvel Comics issues.
"Alias Investigations" and "B Level" (issues #1-9)
Tasked to look for a missing woman, Jessica finds herself caught in a conspiracy involving Captain America and the President of the United States. Subsequently, she is hired to find the recently missing Rick Jones. The first issue introduces her relationship with Luke Cage, whom she sleeps with after meeting him at a bar. The arc also establishes Jessica's friendship with Carol Danvers, who attempts to set her up with Scott Lang. Other characters appearing in the arc include Daredevil (as Jessica's attorney Matt Murdock) and second-tier villain Man Mountain Marko.
"Come Home" (issues #11-15)
Issue #15 overlaps with Daredevil (Vol 2) #36, which was also written by Brian Michael Bendis. Both issues depict the same scene, in which a disguised Natasha Romanova visits Matt Murdock at his law office, from two different perspectives. The Alias scene focuses on Jessica and Luke Cage, who argue about their relationship while stood guard outside Murdock's office, while the Daredevil version of the scene depicts his conversation with Natasha. The issue goes on to show Jessica's first date with Scott Lang.
"The Underneath" (issues #10, 16-21)
J. Jonah Jameson hires Jessica to uncover Spider-Man's identity. Later, Mattie Franklin, the latest Spider-Woman, goes missing and Jessica is asked to find her. In the course of her investigation she discovers that Mattie is embroiled in a criminal underworld producing Mutant Growth Hormone, a drug designed to give ordinary people super-powered abilities. Along the way, Jones meets an unexpected ally in Jessica Drew, the original Spider-Woman, who is also investigating Franklin's disappearance. Meanwhile, Jessica's relationship with Scott Lang becomes strained after an encounter with Madame Web dredges up bad memories from her past.
"The Secret Origins of Jessica Jones" (issues #22-23)
Issues #22-23 depict Jessica's teenage years, revealing that she attended Midtown High School with Peter Parker. Jessica, then known as Jessica Campbell, loses her parents and brother in a car crash involving truck carrying hazardous materials. After waking up from a coma, Jessica is taken in by the Jones family, and soon discovers that she has developed super-powers. The story ends with Jessica deciding to become a superhero.
"Purple" (issues #24-28)
Family members of those murdered by the Purple Man ask Jessica to find evidence of those murders that he never confessed to. Jessica is initially reluctant, due to her past history with the Purple Man. After drinking and ending up at Luke Cage's apartment, Jessica tells Luke about her history with the Purple Man. During her career as a superhero called Jewel, Jessica encountered the Purple Man at a restaurant. He mind-controlled Jessica for eight months, forcing her to bathe him, watch him have sex with other women, and making her beg for his attention. One day, in a fit of rage the Purple Man ordered Jessica to go and kill superheroes. Although the ensuing fight broke the mind-control over her, Jessica was mistaken for a threat by the Avengers and badly beaten. Jean Grey helped Jessica awaken from her resulting coma, and implanted a psychic defense in her mind in case of future encounters with the Purple Man.
After confronting the Purple Man in prison, he escapes and Jessica is forced to deal with him and her past trauma. Jean Grey triggers Jessica's psychic defense, allowing her to defeat him. In the aftermath of the fight, Jessica tells Scott Lang that she is three months pregnant, and that he is not the father. Later that day, Luke arrives to confess his feelings for her. She tells him that she is pregnant with his child, and the series ends with them about to begin a new chapter of their lives.
The series was collected into a number of trade paperbacks:
- Volume 1 (collects Alias #1-9, ISBN 0-7851-1141-7, also released in hardcover ISBN 0-7851-0872-6)
- Volume 2: Come Home (collects Alias #11-15, ISBN 0-7851-1123-9)
- Volume 3: The Underneath (collects Alias #10, 16–21, ISBN 0-7851-1165-4)
- Volume 4: The Secret Origins of Jessica Jones (collects Alias #22-28, ISBN 0-7851-1167-0)
- Alias Omnibus (collects Alias #1-28 and What If? Jessica Jones had Joined the Avengers, ISBN 0-7851-2121-8)
- Alias Ultimate Collection:
- Jessica Jones: Alias:
In other media
Alias was adapted into the 2015 Netflix TV series Jessica Jones, which was developed by Melissa Rosenberg for ABC Studios and Marvel Television. The name change was needed due to the unrelated ABC series Alias.
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). "A Few Words From Bendis..." Alias 28 (January 2004), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Gaydos, Michael (a). "Alias Investigations" Alias 1-5 (November 200l - March 2002), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Gaydos, Michael; Sienkiewicz, Bill (a). "Come Home Parts 1 - 4" B Level 6-9 (April - July 2002), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Gaydos, Michael; Bagley, Mark; Mays, Rick (a). "Come Home Parts 1 - 4" Alias 11-14 (September - December 2003), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Maleev, Alex (a). "Out: Part 5" Daredevil v2, 36 (October 2002), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Gaydos, Michael (a). "Come Home Part 5" Alias 15 (January 2004), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Gaydos, Michael (p), Gaydos, Michael; Vey, Al (i). "The End" Alias 10 (August 2002), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Gaydos, Michael (p), Gaydos, Michael; Vey, Al (i). "The Underneath" Alias 16-21 (January - June 2003), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Gaydos, Michael (a). "The Secret Origins of Jessica Jones" Alias 22-23 (July - August 2003), New York: Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Gaydos, Michael; Bagley, Mark; Mays, Rick (p), Gaydos, Michael; Bagley, Mark; Mays, Rick; Thibert, Art (i). "Purple" Alias 24-28 (September 2003 - January 2004), New York: Marvel Comics
- 2004 Will Eisner Comic Industry Awards, Comic Book Awards Almanac
- Schneider, Micheak (December 17, 2010). "Screenwriter Sets Marvel Adaptation for TV". Variety. Archived from the original on February 18, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
- Alias at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)
- Thomas, Brandon (September 25, 2009). "Ambidextrous 312: Looking Back at Bendis' ALIAS". Newsarama
- Thomas, Brandon (October 5, 2009). "Ambidextrous 313: Looking Back at BENDIS' ALIAS Pt. 2". Newsarama
- Ellis, Jonathan (2001). "INTERVIEW: MICHAEL GAYDOS". PopImage. September 2001