Alibaba Cloud

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Alibaba Cloud
Type of site
Key people
IndustryCloud Computing, Web Services
ParentAlibaba Group
LaunchedSeptember 2009; 14 years ago (2009-09)
Current statusActive

Alibaba Cloud, also known as Aliyun (Chinese: 阿里云; pinyin: Ālǐyún; lit. 'Ali Cloud'), is a cloud computing company, a subsidiary of Alibaba Group. Alibaba Cloud provides cloud computing services to online businesses and Alibaba's own e-commerce ecosystem. Its international operations are registered and headquartered in Singapore.[1]

Alibaba Cloud offers cloud services that are available on a pay-as-you-go basis, and include elastic compute, data storage, relational databases, big-data processing, anti-DDoS protection and content delivery networks (CDN).

It is the largest cloud computing company in China,[2] and in Asia Pacific according to Gartner.[3] Alibaba Cloud operates data centers in 24 regions and 74 availability zones around the globe.[4] As of June 2017, Alibaba Cloud is placed in the Visionaries' quadrant of Gartner's Magic Quadrant for cloud infrastructure as a service, worldwide.


  • September 2009 – Alibaba Cloud is founded and R&D centers and operation centers are subsequently opened in Hangzhou, Beijing, and Silicon Valley.
  • November 2010 – Supported the first Single's Day (11.11) Taobao shopping festival, with 2.4 billion PV in 24 hours.
  • November 2012 – Became the first Chinese cloud service provider to pass ISO27001:2005 (Information Security Management System).
  • January 2013 – Merged with HiChina (founded by Xiangning Zhang) for business as one of the largest acquisitions in the company's history at the time.
  • August 2013 – ApsaraDB architecture supported 5000 physical machines in a single cluster.
  • December 2014 – Defended a 14-hour long DDoS attack, peaking at 453.8Gbit/s.[5]
  • May 2014 – Hong Kong data center went online.
  • October 2015 – Two US data centers went online.
  • July 2015 – Alibaba Group invested a further US$1 billion to Alibaba Cloud.[6]
  • August 2015 – Alibaba Cloud's first Singapore data center opened. Singapore is announced as Alibaba Cloud's overseas headquarters.
  • October 2015 – MaxCompute took the lead of the Sort Benchmark, sorting 100TB data in 377s compared with Apache Spark's previous record of 1406s.[7]
  • October 2015 – Alibaba Cloud Computing Conference was held in Hangzhou and attracted over 20,000 developers.
  • November 2015 – Supported the 11.11 shopping festival with a record of $14.2 billion transactions in 24 hours.
  • April 2016 – Alibaba Cloud partnered with SK Holdings C&C to provide cloud services to Korean and Chinese companies.
  • May 2016 – Alibaba Group and SoftBank formalized joint venture to launch cloud services in Japan that utilize technologies and solutions from Alibaba Cloud.
  • June 2016 – Alibaba Cloud expanded its data center operations in Singapore with the establishment of a second availability zone. Alibaba Cloud also achieved two new certifications overseas: Singapore Multi-Tier Cloud Security (MTCS) standard Level 3, and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS).
  • November 2016 - Alibaba Cloud partnered with Vodafone Germany for Data Center operation and to provide cloud services to German and European companies.[8][9]
  • January 2017 – Alibaba became the official cloud services provider of the Olympics.[10]
  • February 2017 - Became Founding Member of the EU Cloud Code of Conduct.[11]
  • June 2017 – Alibaba Cloud is placed in the Visionaries quadrant of Gartner's Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure as a Service, Worldwide.[12]
  • July 2017 – Alibaba Cloud official website is changed from to[13]
  • September 2017 – Alibaba Cloud partners with Malaysia's Fusionex to provide cloud solutions in Southeast Asia.[14]
  • October 2017 – Alibaba Cloud partners with Elastic and launches a new service called Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch.[15]
  • October 2017 - Alibaba Cloud Malaysia data center commences operations.[16]
  • December 2017 - Alibaba Cloud India data center commences operations.[17]
  • December 2017 - Alibaba Cloud received the C5 standard certification from German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) for its datacenters in Germany and Singapore.[18]
  • February 2018 - Alibaba Cloud Indonesia data center commences operations.[19]
  • June 8, 2021 - Alibaba Cloud further expands its Asia Footprint with its first data center in the Philippines.[20]
  • October 19, 2021 - Alibaba Cloud unveils the ARM-based Yitian 710 chip, designed in-house, for use in its data centers.[21]
  • November 24, 2021 - The bug Log4Shell disclosed to Apache on November 24 by Chen Zhaojun of Alibaba Cloud Security Team.[22]
  • December 22, 2021 - The Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology suspended a partnership with Alibaba Cloud for "failure in reporting cybersecurity vulnerabilities" related to the Log4Shell bug.[23]
  • September 22, 2022 - Alibaba Cloud announced a $1 billion pledge to upgrade its global partner ecosystem.[24]

Data center regions[edit]

Alibaba Cloud has 25 regional data centres globally.

Regions outside mainland China (15)[edit]

  • Asia Pacific SE 1 (Singapore)
  • Asia Pacific SE 2 (Sydney)
  • Asia Pacific SE 3 (Kuala Lumpur)
  • Asia Pacific SE 5 (Jakarta)
  • Asia pacific SE 6 (Philippines)
  • Asia pacific SE 7 (Bangkok)
  • Asia Pacific SOU 1 (Mumbai)
  • Asia Pacific NE 1 (Tokyo)
  • Asia Pacific NE 2 (Seoul)
  • US East 1 (Virginia)
  • US West 1 (Silicon Valley)
  • EU Central 1 (Frankfurt)
  • UK (London)
  • Middle East 1 (Dubai)
  • China (Hong Kong)

The Data Center in Germany is operated by Vodafone Germany (Frankfurt)[8][9] and certified with C5.

Regions in mainland China (13)[edit]

  • China North 1 (Qingdao)
  • China North 2 (Beijing)
  • China North 3 (Zhangjiakou)
  • China North 5 (Hohhot)
  • China North 6 (Ulanqab)
  • China East 1 (Hangzhou)
  • China East 2 (Shanghai)
  • China East 3 (Nanjing)
  • China South 1 (Shenzhen)
  • China South 2 (Heyuan)
  • China South 3 (Guangzhou)
  • China West 1 (Chengdu)


Alibaba Cloud provides cloud computing IaaS, PaaS, DBaaS and SaaS, including services such as e-commerce, big data, Database, IoT, Object storage (OSS), Kubernetes[25] and data customization which can be managed from Alibaba web page or using aliyun command line tool.


AnalyticDB was first released in May, 2018,[26] and the latest version 3.0 was released in 2019[27]

On April 26, 2019, TPC published TPC-DS benchmark result of AnalyticDB.

In 2019, a paper about the system design of AnalyticDB was published in VLDB conference 2019.[28]

Academic partners[edit]

In 2017, Alibaba Cloud and the Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS) jointly launched a university-accredited entrepreneurship program for tertiary students.[29]

List of academic alliances:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clouder, Alibaba (August 27, 2019). "10 Years of Cloud Intelligence: How Will Alibaba Change the Future of Cloud Computing?". Alibaba Cloud Community. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  2. ^ Eileen Yu (2017-08-18). "Alibaba's fiscal 2017 revenue climbs 56 percent on cloud, mobile commerce growth | ZDNet". ZDNet. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
  3. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Ranked First in Asia Pacific(*) by Gartner Market Share: IT Services in IaaS and IUS". 2019-04-24. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  4. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Global Locations". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  5. ^ "PCCW Global and Alibaba Cloud expand strategic cooperation to collaboratively protect businesses against cyber attacks". 2016-08-25. Archived from the original on 2017-08-19. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  6. ^ Barb Darrow. "Alibaba backs Aliyun cloud with another billion dollars". Fortune. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  7. ^ Hang Zhi Cheng (2015-10-30). "AliCloud Technology Sets World Sorting Records Company's FuxiSort solution sorts 100TB of data in 377 seconds". The Tech Revolutionist. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  8. ^ a b "Markteintritt in Europa: Alibaba Cloud setzt auf Rechenzentrum von Vodafone Deutschland - Vodafone Medien". Vodafone Medien (in German). 2016-11-21. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  9. ^ a b "Vodafone Partnership". Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  10. ^ Fitz Tepper (2017-01-19). "Alibaba is now the official cloud services provider of the Olympics". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  11. ^ "History: EU Cloud CoC". Archived from the original on 2021-08-22. Retrieved 2021-08-22.
  12. ^ Jordan Novet (2017-06-15). "Alibaba just got a huge vote of confidence in the cloud war against Amazon and Microsoft". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  13. ^ "Alibaba Cloud International Website Official Domain Name Change". 2017-07-04. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
  14. ^ "Alibaba Cloud partners with Malaysia's Fusionex to provide cloud solutions in Southeast Asia". Archived from the original on September 26, 2017.
  15. ^ "Alibaba Cloud to Offer Elasticsearch, Kibana, and X-Pack in China". 13 October 2017.
  16. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Malaysia Data Center Commences Operations".
  17. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Opens New Data Center in India |". 2017-12-19. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  18. ^ "BSI - Presseinformationen des BSI - Cloud Computing: C5-Testat an Alibaba Cloud". Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved 2019-07-07.
  19. ^ Yu, Eileen. "Alibaba opens data centre in Indonesia | ZDNet". ZDNet. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  20. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Further Expands its Asia Footprint with First Data Center in the Philippines". Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  21. ^ "Alibaba Cloud Unveils New Server Chips to Optimize Cloud Computing Services". AlibabaCloud. Retrieved 2021-10-29.
  22. ^ "Log4Shell Vulnerability is the Coal in our Stocking for 2021". mcafee. 11 December 2021. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  23. ^ "Chinese regulators suspend partnership with Alibaba Cloud". Retrieved 2021-12-22.
  24. ^ Liao, Rita (2022-09-22). "Alibaba Cloud pledges $1B to boost overseas alliance". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2022-09-22.
  25. ^ "kubernetes解决方案". Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  26. ^ Cloud, Alibaba (2018-05-24). "New Product Launch: Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB". Medium. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  27. ^ "Analyticdb for MySQL: Pb level cloud data warehouse core technology and scenario analysis". Develop Paper. 2019-10-26. Archived from the original on 2020-01-31. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
  28. ^ "AnalyticDB: Real-time OLAP Database System at Alibaba Cloud" (PDF).
  29. ^ Alibaba Cloud (2017-09-06). "SUSS and Alibaba Cloud to Spur Entrepreneurship With New Accredited Program". Retrieved 2018-05-26.