Alibey Lagoon

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Alibey Lagoon
Alibey Lagoon cliffs.jpg
Cliffs of the Alibey Lagoon
Tuzly Lagoons map en.png
The Alibey Lagoon on the schematic map of the Tuzly Lagoons (#2)
LocationBlack Sea
Coordinates45°47′N 30°00′E / 45.783°N 30.000°E / 45.783; 30.000Coordinates: 45°47′N 30°00′E / 45.783°N 30.000°E / 45.783; 30.000
Ocean/sea sourcesAtlantic Ocean
Basin countriesUkraine
Max. length15 km (9.3 mi)
Max. width11 km (6.8 mi)
Surface area72 km2 (28 sq mi)
Max. depth2.5 m (8.2 ft)
Salinity~30 ‰

Alibey Lagoon (Ukrainian: Алібей, Romanian: Limanul Alibei, Turkish: Alibey Gölü) is a salty lagoon (liman) on the Black Sea coast of Tatarbunary Raion of Odessa Oblast, Ukraine. The lagoon is originated from the old mouth of the Khadzhyder River. The length of the lagoon is 15 km, width 11 km, area 72 km². The depth is 2.5 m.

The lagoon is separated from the sea by sandbar. It is connected through the Kurudiol Lagoon with the Burnas Lagoon on the south east, with the Karachaus Lagoon and Shahany Lagoon on the south west. Earlier, the Khadzhyder River inflowed to the lagoon, but now the river inflows to the Khadzhyder Lagoon, which separated from the Alibey Lagoon by dam.

History[edit]

Between 1840 and 1856, nearly 4 million tons of salt were extracted from the lake. Following the 1856 Treaty of Paris (1856), settled the Crimean War (1853-1856), Russia had to return to Moldova a strip of land from southwest Bessarabia (known as Cahul, Bolgrad and Ismail). As a result of this territorial loss, Russia had no access to the mouths of the Danube, and the exploitation of the salt was stopped.

Following the Treaty of Berlin (1878), Romania was forced to return Southern Bessarabia to Russia. After that, Russians did not resume the salt extraction from the lake.

Sources[edit]