|Town and municipality|
Serbian Orthodox church in Alibunar
Location of Alibunar within Serbia
|• Mayor||Danijel Kišmarton|
|Elevation||71 m (233 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Alibunar (Serbian Cyrillic: Алибунар, Romanian: Alibunar) is a town and municipality located in the South Banat District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Alibunar town and Alibunar municipality have a population of 2,883 and 19,780 respectively.
The name of the town derived from the Serbian loanword from Turkish "bunar" ("well" in English) and Muslim/Turkish personal name "Ali". According to the local legend, Alibunar was named after Ali-paša (Ali-pasha), who had a cattle and a well at this place. Even today, there is a well in the town which is known as "Ali-pašin bunar" ("well of Ali-paša"). Before the Ottoman rule, Alibunar was known as "Krsturnica".
Alibunar municipality encompasses of town of Alibunar, town of Banatski Karlovac, and following villages:
- Novi Kozjak
- Seleuš (Romanian: Seleuș)
- Janošik (Slovak: Janošík)
- Lokve (Romanian: Sânmihai)
- Nikolinci (Romanian: Nicolinț)
In this area, settlements existed in Neolithic, Bronze Age and Roman times. However, settlement appeared in historical sources in the 16th century. First recorded name of the settlement was Alijina Voda ("the water of Alija"), presumably named after its Muslim citizen Alija or Ali-paša, who had a house with stone well ("bunar" in Serbian) in the center of the settlement (hence the current name Alibunar or "the well of Ali"). After Ottomans were expelled from this region (in 1717), the settlement had 32 houses. In 1764, settlement was included into Illyrian (Serbian) regiment of Banatian Military Frontier, but in the next year, it was transferred to German regiment of this frontier. Before the inclusion into military frontier, Alibunar had ethnic Serb population, but after it became part of the frontier, 130 mostly Romanian and some 20-30 German families settled in this place. Serbs remained to live in older part of the settlement, Germans settled in its central parts and Romanians in northern parts. Serbian Orthodox church in the settlement was built in 1796.
Source: Stevan Kovačević, Gradovi Srbije u slici i reči, Beograd, 2010.
Population of the town in different censuses:
- 1948: 3,616
- 1953: 3,811
- 1961: 3,705
- 1971: 3,951
- 1981: 3,803
- 1991: 3,738
- 2002: 3,431
- 2011: 2,883
Ethnic groups (2002 census)
The population of the Alibunar municipality:
- Serbs = 13,680 (59.59%)
- Romanians = 6,076 (26.47%)
- Slovaks = 1,195 (5.2%)
- Romani = 657 (2.86%)
- Hungarians = 309 (1.34%)
Settlements with a Serb ethnic majority are: Alibunar, Banatski Karlovac, Vladimirovac, Dobrica, Ilandža, and Novi Kozjak. The settlement with a Slovak ethnic majority is Janošik. The settlements with Romanian ethnic majority are: Lokve and Nikolinci. The ethnically mixed settlement with a relative Romanian majority is Seleuš.
The municipality of Alibunar contains the biggest ethnic Romanian community in Vojvodina.
The population of the Alibunar town:
- Serbs = 2,052 (59.81%)
- Romanians = 960 (27.98%)
- Romani = 87 (2.54%)
- Hungarians = 61 (1.78%)
- Slovaks = 46 (1.34%)
- Macedonians = 43 (1.25%)
- Yugoslavs = 42 (1.22%)
||This article needs to be updated. (January 2012)|
- Jovan Erdeljanović, Srbi u Banatu, Novi Sad, 1992.
- Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
- "bunar", TDK Büyük Türkçe Sözlük Official website of Turkish Language Foundation (TDK) (Turkish)
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