Alice H. Parker

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Alice H. Parker (b. 1895) was an African American inventor known for her contribution to the heating furnace. She invented a furnace that supplied central heating for entire homes and buildings, which was patented on December 23, 1919[1]. This was much safer than burning firewood. Her heating furnace was different from the other furnaces around at that time. Her invention helped people as they didn't need to stock and burn wood in a traditional furnace[1]. Her design had air ducts that allowed heat to spread throughout the structure. Parker's invention included a multiple burner system and used natural gas.[2][3] What made it especially unique is that it was like later zone heating, where the temperature could be moderated in different areas of a building.[4] Parker was born in Morristown, New Jersey[1]. She attended Howard University Academy, a high school located in Washington D.C., and was granted a certificate with honors in 1910.[2][5]


  1. ^ a b c "[Women's History Month] Meet Alice H. Parker, inventor of gas heating furnace". Face2Face Africa. 2018-03-07. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  2. ^ a b Hatala, Greg (February 17, 2014). "Glimpse of History: Morristown resident's invention keeps us warm to this day". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 30, 2018 – via
  3. ^ "Heating Furnace". U.S. Patents and Trademarks. December 23, 1919. Retrieved May 30, 2013 – via Google patents.
  4. ^ Linda J. Barth (June 25, 2018). New Jersey Originals: Technological Marvels, Odd Inventions, Trailblazing Characters & More. Arcadia Publishing. p. 131. ISBN 978-1-4671-3926-7.
  5. ^ "Parker, Alice H. (1895- ?) - The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed". Retrieved 25 April 2018.