Alice Louise Reynolds
|Alice Louise Reynolds|
April 1, 1873|
Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States
|Died||December 5, 1938
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
|Cause of death||cancer|
|Resting place||Salt Lake City Cemetery
|Alma mater||University of Michigan
Brigham Young Academy
|Notable works||Relief Society Magazine editor|
Mary A. T. Reynolds
Alice Louise Reynolds (April 1, 1873 – December 5, 1938) was a Brigham Young University (BYU) professor who is rated among the top-10 BYU professors of the 20th century. She was the second woman in Utah to be named a full professor.:277
Childhood and Education
Reynolds was born in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States, to George Reynolds and Mary Ann Tuddenham. Her father, George Reynolds, was a general authority of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and a longtime secretary to the First Presidency of the church. When Alice was six years old, George was incarcerated for two years because he practiced plural marriage.
George believed that Alice should attend preschool, and at the age of four she attended a private school taught by Izzie Calder, daughter of David O. Calder.:11 George's sister Julia Reynolds helped look after Alice during her childhood. Alice enjoyed reading and the company of other grownups.:9 At age 12, Alice's mother died in childbirth.:15 Her teacher at the Twentieth Ward school, T.B. Lewis, left to become the principal of Ogden High School.:12 The combination of these two events led George to send Alice and her younger sister Florence to the Brigham Young Academy (BYA) for high school.:16 She was greatly motivated by the teachings of one of her instructors, Academy Principal Karl G. Maeser. She graduated from BYA in 1890.
After teaching for two years, the president of BYA, Benjamin Cluff, suggested that she establish a literature department at BYA after furthering her studies.:280 Reynolds studied literature at the University of Michigan from 1892 to 1894. In 1894, she received the promised faculty appointment at BYA.
She received a Bachelor of Pedagogy degree in 1895. Reynolds was awarded Bachelor of Didactics by the Church Board of Education in 1897. She also later received a Bachelor of Arts degree from BYU in 1910. As part of Reynolds's commitment to learn from the best teachers, she later pursued advanced study at Chicago, Cornell, Berkeley and Columbia.:280 Reynolds also loved to travel and made four trips to Europe in 1906, 1910, 1924, and 1937.:38
Reynolds was a Professor of English from 1894 to 1938. She was the first female at BYA to teach college-level classes. She taught literature there until 1903 when the school was replaced by Brigham Young High School and BYU. She became the first female to be a full professor at BYU. She taught approximately 5,000 students in 20 different English courses.
Reynolds's absent-mindedness was legendary at BYU. According to her students, she once walked through a herd of cows while reading a book and brought a teakettle to work instead of her purse.:279 Despite her reputation for absent-mindedness Reynolds exuded confidence and self-respect. :279 Her memory for lectures, books, people and places was excellent. She kept up an attractive home despite having little desire to do housework or handicrafts. To her students and friends she was sympathetic, loving, and kind.:67
Relief Society Magazine
Reynolds was also called to the General Board of the Relief Society of LDS Church in 1923. She served for seven years. During this time, she wrote lessons for Sunday School and the Mutual Improvement Association, as well as 15 literary lessons for Relief Society.:48–49
Contributions to Library
At BYA, Reynolds served as a member of a faculty committee to establish the library. The committee formed in 1906, and Reynolds served as its chairperson for 19 years. Part of her work on the committee included a large fund-raiser to obtain 1,200 books to add to the school's library. Over the course of her life, she organized several other campaigns to help the library grow to 100,000 volumes.
At a book shower in 1922, women of the state honored Reynolds by donating books to the BYU Library. In 1932, fans of Alice Louise Reynolds held a birthday celebration for Reynolds, where she commented on her love for her friends: "To some of you the sweetest word in the English language is 'husband,' to some of you 'child,' but to me the sweetest word in the English language is 'friend.'":282 On February 19, 1933, the Alice Louise Reynolds Club was formally established with a written constitution and by-laws established by a central committee.:56 Through the efforts of the club, over 10,000 volumes were donated to the BYU library. Members of the Alice Louise Reynolds club also sponsored an English student scholarship.:284-284:36
When a new library at BYU was built in 1924, Reynolds's associates believed it should have been named after her, since she helped greatly to bring the project for a new library building to fruition. A lecture hall in the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University is named after her.
Involvement in politics
In politics, Reynolds was an active Democrat, serving on the national party's committee and as a delegate to the party's national convention. She was also a women's activist and delegate to the General Federation of Women's Clubs, the National American Women Suffrage Conventions, and the League of Women Voters at the Pan American Convention. At the General Federation of Women's Clubs, in response to accusations that the LDS Church dictated how members must vote, Reynolds stated that her religion did not interfere with her voting as a Democrat.:50 In 1920, as a delegate to the National Democratic Convention, she made a speech seconding the nomination for William Gibbs McAdoo for President, which was so well-received that the governor of Montana, running for Vice President, requested that she second his nomination as well.:53
Reynolds died of cancer at the age of 65.
A conference room in the Harold B. Lee library is named after Reynolds. Starting in 1978, women in Provo revived the Alice Louise Reynolds club in the form of the Alice Louise Reynolds forum, which discussed issues related to Mormon feminism, including their support for the Equal Rights Amendment. In 1984 they changed their name to the Aligie Baliff forum.:56
- "Francis Marion Lyman". Relief Society Magazine. 4 (2): 65–67. February 1917.
- "Admiral George Dewey and Homer Davenport". Relief Society Magazine. 4 (3): 147–148. March 1917.
- "Two Favorite Hymns". Relief Society Magazine. 10 (3): 128–130. March 1923.
- "Relief Society Conference Address". Relief Society Magazine. 10 (6): 293. June 1923.
- "Relief Society Conference Address". Relief Society Magazine. 10 (6): 293. June 1923.
- "The Book of Mormon Tested". Relief Society Magazine. 10 (9): 426–429. September 1923.
- "The Canada Temple". Relief Society Magazine. 10 (10): 478–479. October 1923.
- "Mrs. Harriet Perry Whiting". Relief Society Magazine. 10 (10): 497–499. October 1923.
- "Unveiling of President Williams' Portrait". Relief Society Magazine. 11 (7): 329. July 1924.
- "Mrs. Mabel Walker Willebrandt". Relief Society Magazine. 11 (10): 507–510. October 1924.
- "George Bernard Shaw". Relief Society Magazine. 13 (1): 28–30. January 1926.
- "Conference Address". Relief Society Magazine. 13 (7): 380–381. July 1926.
- "Susan West Smith". Relief Society Magazine. 13 (12): 609–611. December 1926.
- "Mrs. Kate Montgomery Barker". Relief Society Magazine. 16 (5): 239–241. May 1929.
- "Our Gallery of Portraits". Relief Society Magazine. 17 (4): 195–197. April 1930.
- "Tributes to Clarissa Smith Williams". Relief Society Magazine. 17 (5): 228–229. May 1930.
- "Relief Society Conference: Organization and Development of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day". Relief Society Magazine. 17 (6): 315–319. June 1930.
- "Women in Modern Education". Relief Society Magazine. 17 (11): 611–612. November 1930.
- "Dr. Joseph Francis Merrill". Relief Society Magazine. 18 (11): 603–605. November 1931.
The Editor Abroad
- "The Editor Abroad: The Land of Scott and Burns". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (2): 54–62. February 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: The Land of Scott and Burns". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (3): 130–135. March 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: The Land of Scott and Burns: Edinburgh and Abbottsford". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (4): 183–188. April 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: From Great Britain to France: A Visit to Chateau-Tierry, and the Place of the Arm". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (5): 250–255. May 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: Something More about France and Something about Italy". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (7): 365–371. July 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: Italy". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (8): 418–421. August 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: More About Italy". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (9): 476–480. September 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: The City of Rome and the Jubilee Years". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (10): 509–516. October 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: Egypt". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (11): 564–573. November 1925.
- "The Editor Abroad: Palestine". Relief Society Magazine. 12 (12): 620–627. December 1925.
- "Alice Louise Reynolds". Brigham Young Academy High School Class of 1890. Brigham Young High School Alumni. Retrieved 2009-12-07.
- McClellan, Jeff (1999). "A Lingering Influence: Top 10 BYU Professors of the 20th Century". BYU Magazine. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Keele, Reba (1978). "Alice L. Reynolds". In Burgess-Olson, Vicky; Allen, James. Sister Saints. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press. ISBN 9780842512350.
- Jenson, Andrew (1936). Latter-day Saint biographical encyclopedia: A compilation of biographical sketches of prominent men and women in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. 4. Salt Lake City, Utah: The Andrew Jenson History Company (Printed by the Deseret News Press). p. 194. ISBN 9781172755158. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- Lyman, Amy Brown (1947). Lighter of Lamps: The Life Story of Alice Louise Reynolds. Salt Lake City, Utah: Alice Louise Reynolds Club; Deseret News Press. OCLC 5586589.
- Easton, Susan Black; Woodger, Mary Jane (2011). Women of Character: Profiles of 100 Prominent LDS Women. American Fork, Utah: Covenant Communications, Inc. p. 246-249. ISBN 9781680470185.
- Miller, Karl (1989). History of Buildings and Grounds: Brigham Young University. p. 225. OCLC 38308608.
- Bentley, Amy (1990). "Comforting the Motherless Children: The Alice Louise Reynolds forum" (PDF). Dialogue. 23 (Fall): 39–60. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Alice Louise Reynolds papers, MSS 120 at L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University
- Alice Louise Reynolds digitized diaries at L. Tom Perry Special Collections, BYU
- Alice Louise Reynolds Women-in-Scholarship Lecture Series