|Born||April 25, 1949|
Takoma Park, Maryland, United States
|Education||Virginia Commonwealth University (Bachelor of Fine Arts)|
Alice R. Tangerini (born April 25, 1949) is an American botanical illustrator. In 1972, Tangerini was hired as a staff illustrator for the Department of Botany at the National Museum of Natural History by American botanist Lyman Bradford Smith. Prior to working at the Smithsonian Institution, she received a Bachelor of Fine Arts from Virginia Commonwealth University. As of March 9, 2017, Tangerini remains the only botanical illustrator ever hired by the Smithsonian.
Aside from illustration, Tangerini also teaches classes on the subject and serves as a manager and curator for the Department of Botany at the National Museum of Natural History. In 2005, she lost sight in her right eye following an unidentified injury, and has diplopia due to a subsequent surgery. She has received the "Distinguished Service Award" from Guild of Natural Science Illustrators and the "Excellence in Scientific Botanical Art" award from the American Society of Botanical Artists. She has also been credited as one of the leading figures in her field by American botanist Warren H. Wagner and the Smithsonian Associates.
Early life and education
Alice R. Tangerini was born on April 25, 1949 in Takoma Park, Maryland, and raised in Kensington. Drawing has been her "life's passion" since the age of four. As a high school student, she met botanist Lyman Bradford Smith through a friend of the family. He went on to become her mentor, with one of their lessons adding up to six hours, where Smith often had Tangerini illustrate plants using a dead model. While attending the Virginia Commonwealth University, Tangerini spent her summers working at the Smithsonian Institution. She received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1972. Following her graduation, Tangerini was hired by Smith to work as a staff illustrator for the Department of Botany at the National Museum of Natural History. She thus became the first botanical illustrator hired by the Smithsonian Institution.
Tangerini primarily does her illustrations in the United States National Herbarium, and worked under American botanist Warren H. Wagner. Even though she frequently relies on pressed and dried herbarium specimens as her models, she does go on location to areas such as California, Hawaii, and Guyana to see the flora in their natural environment. She differentiated botanical art from fine art by clarifying that "botanical art had to be recognized at least to genus, if not to species".
According to the American Society of Botanical Artists, Tangerini has illustrated over 1000 plant species. The majority of her illustrations have been created using pen and ink or brush with ink, but at times also graphite and digital painting. She typically draws her specimen in black and white, with minimal shadow, and frequently places the light sources in the image's upper left corner. She has also experimented with creating colored illustrations. When completing an illustration, Tangerini follows tradition in botanical illustration by focusing on plant morphology and internal parts of the flower rather than the color.
Tangerini's illustrations have been featured in numerous scientific publications, such as The Flora of the Guianas, as well as a number of books. In 1980, she created a "one-man show of palm drawings" in the National Museum of Natural History and she curated the "North American Wild Flowers: Watercolors by Mary Vaux Walcott" exhibit in 1990. This collection was also held in the National Museum of Natural History. In 2013, she published the article Whatever happened to Bishopanthus, along with co-writers Vicki Funk and Harold E. Robinson, in the botanical journal PhytoKeys. In the same year, scholars Theodore H. Fleming and W. John Kress thanked Tangerini in the preface of their book The Ornaments of Life: Coevolution and Conservation in the Tropics for her help with the cover and a figure included in the text. As of 2015, Tangerini has been developing a website to catalog her work and those from other illustrators working in the herbarium. As of March 9, 2017, Tangerini remains the only botanical illustrator ever hired by the Smithsonian.
Aside from her work in illustration, Tangerini has also given lectures and taught classes on the subject at several locations, including the Smithsonian Associates, United States Department of Agriculture, Montgomery College, Virginia Commonwealth University, the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design, and the Minnesota School of Botanical Art. She is a manager and curator for botanical art in the National Museum of Natural History's botany department, and runs the Smithsonian Catalog of Botanical Illustrations. She also serves as a board member on the American Society of Botanical Artists.
In 2005, Tangerini lost sight in her right eye following an unidentified injury. She was not given a clear diagnosis on the issue. Tangerini attributed the injury to too many years of working. After receiving surgery in the same year, she was identified as having diplopia in her right eye. Wagner suggested that Tangerini wear an eyepatch so that she could continue her work at the museum, and offered her his son's pirate patch as support. Tangerini returned to work and, in addition to wearing an eyepatch, started to use a graphics tablet and Adobe Photoshop and relied more on digital technology to give her a clearer view of an image.
Awards and recognition
In 1999, Tangerini received the "Distinguished Service Award" from Guild of Natural Science Illustrators. In 2008, she was honored with the "Excellence in Scientific Botanical Art" award from the American Society of Botanical Artists.
On August 24, 2016, the Smithsonian Institution Archives selected Tangerini for its Wonderful Women Wednesday, describing her as a "Groundbreaker". Order Sons of Italy in America called her "one of the world's best botanical illustrator". Warren H. Wagner described her as the best artist in her field, and the Smithsonian Associates called her a "leading contemporary practitioners" in botanical illustration.
- "Artists Represented in the Smithsonian Catalog of Botanical Illustrations". National Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017.
- Corson, Cheryl (March 9, 2017). "Botanical Illustrator Alice Tangerini". Hill Rag. Capital Community News Inc.
- "Alice Tangerini". American Society of Botanical Artists. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016.
- Robbins, Ted (September 8, 2009). "Illustrator Keeps Artistic Vision Despite Eye Injury". NPR. Archived from the original on March 17, 2016.
- "Presenters". Guild of Natural Science Illustrators. Archived from the original on June 12, 2016.
- Ben-Ari, Elia T. (August 1, 1999). "Better than a thousand words: Botanical artists blend science and aesthetics". BioScience. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017.
- Flannery (2015): p. 223.
- "Publications List for 'Tangerini, Al.'". National Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017.
- Fleming & Kress (2013): p. xi.
- "Alice Tangerini". Virginia Commonwealth University. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015.
- "Botany 2014 in Boise, Idaho". American Society of Botanical Artists. Archived from the original on February 27, 2017.
- Kapsalis, Effie (August 24, 2016). "Wonderful Women Wednesday: Alice R. Tangerini". Smithsonian Institution Archives. Archived from the original on March 15, 2017.
- "Winter 2011 Newsmakers". Order Sons of Italy in America. 2011. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017.
- "Science as Art: The Beauty of Botanical Illustration". Smithsonian Associates. February 12, 2017. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017.
- Felming, Theodore H.; Kress, W. John (2013). The Ornaments of Life: Coevolution and Conservation in the Tropics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-25341-1.
- Flannery, Maura C. (2015). "Science of the Archives: Visual Learning about Plants". In Ursyn, Anna (ed.). Handbook of Research on Maximizing Cognitive Learning through Knowledge Visualization. Hershey: IGI Global. pp. 213–242. ISBN 978-1-466-68142-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alice Tangerini.|
- Alice Tangerini on the National Museum of Natural History website