Alicia Moreau de Justo

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Alicia Moreau in 1972

Alicia Moreau de Justo (October 11, 1885 – May 12, 1986) was an Argentine physician, politician, pacifist and human rights activist. She was a leading figure in feminism and socialism in Argentina.[1] Since the beginning of the 20th century, she got involved in public claims for opening rights for women. In 1902, joined by a fellow activists, she founded the Feminist Socialist Center of Argentina and the Feminine Work Union of Argentina.[2]

She organized conferences in the Fundación Luz [Light Foundation], and together with her father, co-founded the Ateneo Popular [the People's Athenaeum]. She was chief editor of the journal Humanidad Nueva [New Humanity],[3] and director of the publication Nuestra Causa [Our Cause]. In 1914 she graduated college as a medical doctor, and some years later, she joined the Socialist Party. Soon after that, she married the politician Juan B. Justo, and together they had three children.[4]

By 1918, she had founded the Unión Feminista Nacional [National Feminist Union], and after her husband passing away in 1928,[1] she continued her political activity defending women, specially in matters related to women's right to vote, working rights of paid staff, public health and public education. In 1932, she created a draft law to establish women's suffrage, which was not sanctioned until 1947 in Argentina.[5] She supported the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War and was a regular critic of Peronism, which she qualified as antidemocratic.[2] In 1958, she took part in the division of the Socialist Party and the founding of the Argentinean Socialist Party, accepting the director position of the newspaper La Vanguardia until 1960.[6] She continued working until her last years, and was one of the founders of the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights in 1975.[7]

The Argentinean Feminist Union[edit]

She co-founded the National Feminist Union in Argentina, which aimed to unite different feminist organizations that existed in Argentina during that time.[8] Some of these were: the Feminist Socialist Center, the Feminine Socialist Gathering and the National Council of Women. The political action of the NFU was key to support sanctioning of many laws recognizing women's rights and the protection of women's work, as well as to defend single mothers. This organization published the monthly magazine Nuestra Causa, to promote their ideas and organize women activists during electoral rallies, as well as massive petitions to the Legislative Power.[9]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Alicia Moreau de Justo". Diario La Nación. 10 May 2001. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Muñoz Pace, Fernando (2010). Triunfo radical y conflictos de la democracia. Argentina: Artes Gráficas Rioplatense S.A. pp. 54–55. ISBN 978-987-07-0871-1. 
  3. ^ Corbiére, Emilio J. "Alicia Moreau de Justo". Agencia El Vigia. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  4. ^ Rocca, Carlos José (1999). Juan B. Justo y su entorno. Argentina: Editorial Universitaria de La Plata. ISBN 9879160266. 
  5. ^ "El voto femenino en Argentina cumplió 60 años". Infobae. NA & Reuters. 24 September 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  6. ^ Guerstein, Benito Mario. "Historias que hacen historia: Alicia Moreau". Revista de Psicogerontología. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "Sitio web de la Asamblea Permanente por los Derechos Humanos". Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Argentina:, Diario La Nación (May 10, 2001). ""Alicia Moreau de Justo"". Retrieved December 3, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Biografia de Alicia Moreau de Justo Una Mujer Incansable Voto Femenino". www.portalplanetasedna.com.ar. Retrieved 2016-11-28.