Although currently not often used, the term "alienist" is still used in psychiatric hospitals to describe those mental health professionals who evaluate defendants to determine their competency to stand trial.
The term also appears in Harry Houdini's first feature silent film "The Grim Game" written by Arthur B. Reeve and John W. Grey, adapted for the screen by Walters Woods. A Parmount-Artcraft Picture from 1919 with Houdini as as "Harvey Hanford, star reporter for The Daily Call newspaper. Alienist was used to describe the doctor "Dr.Tyson, a famous alienist and Cameron's physician." played by Arthur Hoyt. Harry Houdini plays "Harvey Hanford" a young man who is wrongfully jailed for murder and must escape to save his fiancé "Mary Wentworth".
Director: Irvin V Willat; Photographed by: J.O. Taylor; Art Director: Wilfred Buckland; Starring: Harry Houdini as "Harvey Hanford, D. Cameron's estranged nephew", Thomas Jefferson as "Dudley Cameron, childless eccentric millionaire miser", Ann Forrest as "Mary Wentworth, D. Cameron's ward and heiress"
When Kris Kringle is put “on trial” in the 1947 film Miracle on 34th street, several newspaper articles call the psychiatrists who examined him "alienists".
Newspapers in the 2011 game L.A. Noire use the term to describe psychiatrist Harlan Fontaine.
It was used on the season 2 The Originals episode "Red Door", where Mikaelson family patriarch Mikael calls Cami, a therapist, an alienist.
Also used on Television program Penny Dreadful: "Possession" Episode, where Vanessa speaking with Dr. Frankenstein, asks during an examination "meaning you will soon bring in an alienist?"
New York Times; December 28, 1934, Friday; Two Alienists Report Alleged Budd Slayer Has Some Abnormalities. White Plains, New York; December 27, 1934. Two alienists reported today to Walter A. Ferris, District Attorney elect of Westchester County, that Albert Fish, 64 years old, held in the county jail for the murder of Grace Budd, is legally sane.
In Agatha Christie's 1936 novel The A.B.C. Murders, Dr. Thompson, "the famous alienist", is called to Scotland Yard to help Poirot and Inspector Japp find a murderer who mails cryptic letters to Poirot before each murder.
The 2014 film Stonehearst Asylum, set in 1899, uses the term "alienist" to refer to doctors who treat asylum patients.