Alisma lanceolatum

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Alisma lanceolatum
Alismalanceolatum.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Alismataceae
Genus: Alisma
Species: A. lanceolatum
Binomial name
Alisma lanceolatum
With.

Alisma lanceolatum is a species of aquatic plant in the water plantain family known by the common names lanceleaf water plantain and narrow-leaved water plantain.[2] It is widespread across Europe, North Africa and temperate Asia. It is naturalized in Australia, New Zealand, Oregon, California and British Columbia. It is considered a noxious weed in some places.[3][4][5][6]

This species is a weed of rice fields in many areas, including New South Wales and California.

In England and Wales it is occasionally locally found, in Ireland it is rare, and Scotland it is very rare.

It is found in mud and in fresh waters.

Description[edit]

Part of an inflorescence and single blossom

This is a perennial herb growing from a caudex in the water or mud. It produces lance-shaped leaves 12 to 20 centimeters long and 4 wide on long petioles; leaves which remain submerged in water are smaller and less prominently veined. The inflorescence is mostly erect and up to half a meter tall.

It is a wide array of small pink-petalled flowers, which open in the morning, from June until August. The fruit is a tiny achene up to 2 or 3 millimeters long clustered into an aggregate fruit of about 20 units.

Similar Species[edit]

The water plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica has acute leaf tips not tapering to a stalk.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Akhani, H. & Zehzad, B. (2014). "Alisma lanceolatum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". apps.kew.org. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program
  5. ^ "Alisma lanceolatum in Flora of China @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  6. ^ "Alisma lanceolatum in Flora of North America @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  7. ^ Rose, Francis (2006). The Wild Flower Key. Frederick Warne & Co. pp. 483–484. ISBN 978-0-7232-5175-0. 

External links[edit]