Alison Saunders

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Alison Saunders
CB
Alison Saunders.jpg
Director of Public Prosecutions
Assumed office
1 November 2013
Appointed by Dominic Grieve
Preceded by Keir Starmer
Personal details
Born (1961-02-14) 14 February 1961 (age 57)
Aberdeen, Scotland
Citizenship United Kingdom
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Neil Saunders
Children Two sons
Alma mater University of Leeds
Profession Barrister
Salary £200,000-£204,999
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath (2013)

Alison Margaret Saunders, CB (born 14 February 1961) is a British barrister and the Director of Public Prosecutions. She is the first lawyer from within the Crown Prosecution Service and the second woman to hold the appointment. She is also the first holder of this office not to be a Queen's Counsel. She was previously the Chief Crown Prosecutor for CPS London. Her term of office will end later in 2018.[1]

Early life[edit]

Saunders was born on 14 February 1961 in Aberdeen, Scotland to Hugh Colin Brown and Margaret Bennett Brown.[2][3][4] She attended primary school in Brixton, London and St Teilo's Church in Wales High School in Cardiff.[5][3] Saunders then studied at Runshaw College in Leyland, Lancashire. She read law at the University of Leeds from 1979 to 1982. She graduated Bachelor of Laws (LLB hons).[6]

Career[edit]

Having completed her pupillage and thereby becoming a qualified barrister, Saunders began working for Lloyd's of London.[7] She joined the newly formed CPS in 1986.[4] In 1991, she joined the CPS policy division.[8] She was appointed Branch Crown Prosecutor for Wood Green in 1997, and Assistant Chief Crown Prosecutor of CPS London South in 1999.[9] She took up the appointment of Chief Crown Prosecutor for Sussex in 2001 overseeing the case made against Roy Whiting, who was convicted of murdering Sarah Payne.[7] Between 2003 and 2005, she served as Deputy Legal Advisor to the Attorney General.[9] She then became head of prosecutions for the Organised Crime division of the CPS.[8] She was the Chief Crown Prosecutor for CPS London from 2009 until 2013.[10] During that time, she was involved in the 2011 to 2012 retrial, and subsequent conviction, of the killers of Stephen Lawrence.[10]

Director of Public Prosecutions[edit]

On 23 July 2013, it was announced that she would become the new Director of Public Prosecutions in succession to Sir Keir Starmer, taking up the appointment on 1 November 2013. She is the first head of the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to be appointed from within the service and the second woman to hold the appointment.[10][11]

As the Director of Public Prosecutions, Saunders has faced criticism and controversy around the handling of trials for rape and sexual assault. The CPS has been criticised for the case of Eleanor de Freitas, who killed herself after the CPS decided to take over a private prosecution brought against her by the man she accused of rape. Saunders said that the "evidence in this case was strong and having considered it in light of all of our knowledge and guidance on prosecuting sexual offences and allegedly false rape claims, it is clear there was sufficient evidence for a realistic prospect of conviction for perverting the course of justice".[12] Saunders has also stated that the number of rape prosecutions being brought to court will increase by a third in the year 2015 and has argued that this increase follows improvements in the treatment received by victims by police, courts and the CPS.[13]

In 2014, Saunders announced the CPS would be seeking to fight against criminals hiding assets abroad and appointed a team of six specialist lawyers to work with legal authorities overseas to recover assets from countries including Spain and the United Arab Emirates.[14]

In April 2015, Saunders was criticized for her decision not to prosecute Greville Janner on child sexual abuse charges despite his meeting the evidential test for prosecution, citing his poor health, as well as for dropping charges against nine journalists as part of the Operation Elveden case. Saunders defended herself saying, "I’m not here to make popular decisions. I always feel under pressure to make the right decision."[15] In June 2015, The Guardian reported that, following a review, the decision not to prosecute Lord Janner would in fact be overturned. Simon Danczuk, then MP for Rochdale, told the Guardian that "if the report is accurate, Saunders will now have to consider her position" as a result of the scrutiny that her initial decision would now be placed under.[16] The decision marks the first time a DDP has had a major prosecuting decision reviewed and overturned. Amid calls for her resignation, she told the BBC that she would not resign.[17]

In 2015, a case was brought against Saunders in the High Court. The Plaintiff, Nikki Kenward, argued that Saunders had amended prosecution policy outside of the democratic process.[18] Saunders released the alleged amendment in October, 2014. In it she suggested that the guidelines on assisted suicide prosecution be understood such that a doctor who is not the patient's immediate care provider, should not be as likely to face prosecution as a doctor who is the patient's immediate care provider. This prompted a backlash from anti-assisted suicide groups who argued that this was a substantial change, which would allow for businesses similar to Dignitas to operate in the UK. Saunders' defence was that she had only clarified the existing guidelines.[19] Nevertheless, Kenward was granted the judicial review against Saunders in April, 2015.[18] It went to the High Court in November, 2015 where the case against Saunders was dismissed.[20]

As of 2015, Saunders was paid a salary of between £200,000 and £204,999, making her one of the 328 most highly paid people in the British public sector at that time.[21]

On 2 April 2018, it was announced that Saunders is to stand down at the end of her term as head of the CPS.[1]

Controversy[edit]

In June 2015, Saunders was accused by journalist Julia Hartley-Brewer of a crusade to criminalise "drunken sexual encounters".[22] In December 2017, The Daily Telegraph journalist Allison Pearson called for Saunders to resign following the scandal of several high-profile rape cases falling apart or convictions being overturned due to police withholding key information regarding the innocence of the accused.[23]

On 23 January 2018, however, Saunders was criticised by victims and survivors' groups because her words could be taken to mean that silence equates to consent.[24]

After it was announced that Saunders would not be reappointed for a second term, The Daily Telegraph also reported in April, 2018 that crime statistics tracking burglary, violent crime and shoplifting all rose significantly under Saunders' tenure ever since she first became Director of Public Prosecutions.[25]

Personal life[edit]

Saunders is married to Neil Saunders, a lawyer, and has two sons.[26][27][3]

Honours[edit]

In the 2013 New Year Honours, she was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) "for services to Law and Order especially after the 2011 London Riots".[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sparrow, Andrew (2 April 2018). "Alison Saunders to quit as director of public prosecutions". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 April 2018. [Saunders] is quitting when her five-year contract finishes at the end of this year. 
  2. ^ "Birthdays". The Guardian. 14 February 2014. p. 41. 
  3. ^ a b c "Saunders, Alison Margaret, (born 14 Feb. 1961), Director of Public Prosecutions, since 2013 - WHO'S WHO & WHO WAS WHO". doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.001.0001/ww-9780199540884-e-258347. 
  4. ^ a b "Who is Alison Saunders, the lawyer announced as the new DPP?". The Week. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Bentham, Martin (4 November 2013). "I will not be rushed into decision on Plegbate, says new Director of Public Prosecutions Alison Saunders". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Alison Saunders". LinkedIn. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Topping, Alexandra (23 July 2013). "Stephen Lawrence barrister to become director of public prosecutions". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Alison Saunders to be new director of public prosecutions". BBC News. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Alison Saunders made a CB for services to law". CPS London. 2 January 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c Branagh, Ellen (23 July 2013). "Stephen Lawrence barrister Alison Saunders to take over from Keir Starmer as new Director of Public Prosecutions". The Independent. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Saunders to replace Starmer at DPP". Liverpool Daily Post. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Laville, Sandra (9 December 2014). "DPP defends decision to prosecute rape complainant who killed herself". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  13. ^ Bowcott, Owen (8 January 2015). "Rape trials rise by 30% as courts fight to clear caseload". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  14. ^ "DPP Alison Saunders announces plan to seize more criminal assets hidden abroad". BBC News. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  15. ^ "DPP Alison Saunders faces Operation Elveden and Janner criticism". The Guardian. 18 April 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  16. ^ Syal, Rajeev (26 June 2015). "CPS decision not to prosecute Lord Janner 'to be overturned'". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "Lord Janner faces historical sex abuse prosecution". BBC. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  18. ^ a b "Assisted suicide guidelines challenged in High Court". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  19. ^ "Director of Public Prosecutions responds to Supreme Court on assisted suicide policy". www.cps.gov.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  20. ^ www.digitalvirtue.com, Digital Virtue - w:. "High Court allows DPP change in assisted suicide law that makes prosecuting healthcare professionals unlikely". www.thetablet.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  21. ^ "Senior officials 'high earners' salaries as at 30 September 2015 - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. 2015-12-17. Retrieved 2016-02-28. 
  22. ^ Hartley-Brewer, Julia (29 June 2015). "Alison Saunders should be sacked – for the Janner case, and for her absurd views on rape". The Independent. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  23. ^ Pearson, Allison (19 December 2017). "Alison Saunders must stand down - or be sacked". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  24. ^ "Head of CPS says rape victims who stay silent 'give impression that they consent'". Metro. 23 June 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018. 
  25. ^ Kirk, Ashley (2 April 2018). "How burglary, violent crime and shoplifting all rose under Alison Saunders' leadership as police pursued historical sex offences and journalists". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  26. ^ Gibb, Frances (23 July 2013). "Woman insider to succeed Keir Starmer as next DPP". The Times. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  27. ^ Hopkins, Nick (30 January 2012). "Rapes, murders – and one sleepless night: the life of a criminal prosecutor". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  28. ^ "No. 60367". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 2012. pp. 2–3. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sir Keir Starmer
Director of Public Prosecutions
2013–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent