|Aliya Nurmuhametqyzy Moldagulova|
|Native name||Әлия Нұрмұхамедқызы Молдағұлова|
|Born||October 25, 1925
Bulak, Kazakh ASSR
|Died||January 14, 1944
Novosokolniki, Pskov Oblast, Soviet Union
|Years of service||1942–1944|
|Unit||54th Independent Rifle Brigade|
|Battles/wars||Eastern Front of World War II †|
Aliya Nurmuhametqyzy Moldagulova (Kazakh: Әлия Нұрмұхамедқызы Молдағұлова; 25 October 1925 – 14 January 1944) was a Soviet sniper and recipient of the title Hero of the Soviet Union after she died of wounds sustained in battle on 14 January 1944.
Moldagulova was born on October 25, 1925, in Bulak, Kazakhstan. She lost her parents during her childhood and was living with her uncle in Alma-Ata. By 1935 she moved to Leningrad where her uncle was enrolled into a Military-transport academy. In fall of 1939, at the age of 14, she was sent to the orphanage from which she was evacuated when the war began in 1942 via Ladoga Lake. After graduating from Vyatka secondary school she received a scholarship to Rybinsk Aviatechnical School on October 1st.
After studying at the Rybinsk Aviatechnical School for three months she filed a waiver to join the Red Army. In May 1943 she was enrolled in the Central Women’s Sniper Training School where she was trained for the war. July after graduating and swearing the military oath she was deployed in the 54th rifle brigade with her friends from the center where they trained.
In January 1944 her brigade ambushed Germans at the Novosokolniki—Dno railway. Later on, she realized that the commander was missing, and assumed command. At top of her lungs she shouted: "Brothers, soldiers, follow me!" and the whole battalion jumped into German trenches. On 14 January 1944 during hand-to-hand combat Moldagulova was hit by a land mine blast, but got only a splinter on her hand. Despite the wound, she fought off the enemy combatants until she was mortally wounded and no longer able to fight. She died from a gunshot wound later that day after writing a letter to her sister, and on 4 June 1944 was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and an Order of Lenin. She was buried in a mass grave in Monakovo, Pskov.
In total she killed 91 enemy combatants in her career.
- On May 9, 1995, as a part of 50th anniversary of end of World War II, Kazakhstan issued a stamp dedicated to Aliya Moldagulova.
- In 1997 a monument was erected in her name in Astana Square.
Monument in Russia depicting Moldagulova's last stand
Statue in Almaty featuring Aliya Moldagulova and Manshuk Mametova
- List of female Heroes of the Soviet Union
- Lyudmila Pavlichenko
- Tatyana Kostyrina
- Manshuk Mametova
- Khiuaz Dospanova
- Ziba Ganiyeva
- "Молдагулова Алия Нурмухамбетовна". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
- "Aliya Moldagulova". September 26, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Sakaida, Henry (2012-04-20). Heroines of the Soviet Union 1941–45. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781780966922.
- "Aliya Moldagulova stamp". Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Attractions of Almaty". Retrieved July 27, 2013.