Sakakah

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Sakakah
سكاكا
Sakakah is located in Saudi Arabia
Sakakah
Sakakah
Location in Saudi Arabia
Coordinates: 29°58′11″N 040°12′00″E / 29.96972°N 40.20000°E / 29.96972; 40.20000Coordinates: 29°58′11″N 040°12′00″E / 29.96972°N 40.20000°E / 29.96972; 40.20000
Country  Saudi Arabia
Province Al Jawf
Area
 • Total 100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation 566 m (1,857 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 242,813
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)

Sakakah (Arabic: سكاكا‎‎) is a city in northwestern Saudi Arabia and is the capital of Al Jawf Province. It is located just to the north of the An Nafud desert. Sakakah had a population of 242,813 at the 2010 Census.[1][2]

History[edit]

Sakakah is an oasis town on an ancient caravan route across the Arabian peninsula.

Modernization[edit]

Many areas of Saudi Arabia are struggling[how?] to develop and modernize in a short span of time. In recent years, the Saudi government has been pouring money into the Al-Jawf region, especially in Sakaka in hopes of developing the economically starved region of the kingdom. For this reason, the city is full of new government buildings, schools & hospitals and are built adjacent to crumbling ruins of older buildings that are in dire need of repair. One major feature of the city is the rapidly expanding Al Jouf University (Jami'at Al-Jawf), founded in 2005.[3] Sakaka is a small but expanding city with lots of construction in progress. A big ongoing project is the 1,000-bed Prince Muhammed Bin Abdulaziz Medical City which is under construction.

Crime[edit]

Mistreatment of foreign workers[edit]

In 2014 there were reports of mistreatment of foreign workers in Sakaka. These including bodily assaults, overwork and denial food to the foreigners from their former employers.[4]

Education[edit]

The King hopes that Al Jouf University will become a pillar of social, cultural, and intellectual advancement in Saudi Arabia.[citation needed] There are several government-run schools and some private schools.[citation needed] The city has Three English schools,Sakaka International School, which is an Indian School and has CBSE curriculum, the other Al-Jouf International school with British curriculum and the third one is Alqimam international school with American curriculum.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by Al-Jawf Airport which has domestic flights and flights to some of the major cities in the Middle East.

Agriculture[edit]

Al-Jawf is notable for its abundant agricultural water, making possible the cultivation of dates (200,000 Palms) and olives (12,000,000 trees), as well as other agricultural products. Farms number around 16,000, and agricultural projects around 1,500. It is the home of some agribusiness farms such as Watania Farms,[5] the largest organic farm in the kingdom. The fertile agricultural land of Al-Jawf is due largely to underground water, which drew delegates of King Abdul Aziz. They were sent to the town of Sakaka and Dumat Al-Jandal and Qurayat, requesting resident tribes there to join the nascent kingdom. Sakaka is home to many Saudi families that can proudly trace their lineage to a few large, old tribes that have dominated the area since time immemorial.

Historical Places[edit]

The history of Al-Jawf dates back more than four thousand years. It is the home of many historic & prehistoric archaeological sites such Za'bal Castle & Well, the Omar ibn Al-Khattab Mosque, located in Dowmat Al-Jandal and Mard Castle (just south of Sakaka). There are also the ancient Rajajil standing stones in Sakaka, dating back nearly 6,000 years.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh).[6]

Climate data for Sakaka (1985–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
32.6
(90.7)
36.3
(97.3)
40.4
(104.7)
42.6
(108.7)
45.0
(113)
47.0
(116.6)
46.7
(116.1)
45.2
(113.4)
40.2
(104.4)
40.4
(104.7)
30.0
(86)
47.0
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
18.4
(65.1)
23.0
(73.4)
29.1
(84.4)
34.2
(93.6)
38.3
(100.9)
39.9
(103.8)
40.7
(105.3)
37.7
(99.9)
31.8
(89.2)
23.7
(74.7)
17.6
(63.7)
29.2
(84.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
12.1
(53.8)
16.4
(61.5)
22.3
(72.1)
27.4
(81.3)
31.2
(88.2)
32.8
(91)
33.4
(92.1)
30.3
(86.5)
24.7
(76.5)
17.2
(63)
11.4
(52.5)
22.4
(72.3)
Average low °C (°F) 3.9
(39)
5.7
(42.3)
9.3
(48.7)
14.6
(58.3)
19.6
(67.3)
22.7
(72.9)
24.4
(75.9)
24.9
(76.8)
21.9
(71.4)
17.4
(63.3)
10.9
(51.6)
5.6
(42.1)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
0.0
(32)
1.0
(33.8)
11.0
(51.8)
15.0
(59)
17.0
(62.6)
18.8
(65.8)
2.0
(35.6)
9.0
(48.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
−7.0
(19.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.2
(0.52)
6.4
(0.252)
5.9
(0.232)
5.0
(0.197)
1.8
(0.071)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
0.6
(0.024)
6.5
(0.256)
7.2
(0.283)
9.6
(0.378)
56.3
(2.217)
Average precipitation days 6.5 4.9 4.6 3.0 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 4.0 4.2 3.9 33.6
Average relative humidity (%) 57 45 35 27 19 15 16 16 19 28 41 53 31
Source: Jeddah Regional Climate Center[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Saudi Arabia: Sakaka". Geohive. 
  2. ^ Taher, Mohamed (1998). Encyclopaedic Survey of Islamic Culture. Anmol Publications. ISBN 81-261-0403-1. 
  3. ^ University of Al-Jouf website
  4. ^ All Africa,'How I Escaped Death in Saudi Arabia', 2 Sept. 2014, http://allafrica.com/stories/201409020515.html
  5. ^ Watania Farms website
  6. ^ "Climate: Sakaka - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  7. ^ "Climate Data for Saudi Arabia". Jeddah Regional Climate Center. Retrieved January 26, 2016. 

External links[edit]