From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Alkylbenzene)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The alkylbenzenes are derivatives of benzene, in which one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by alkyl groups of different sizes. They are a subset of the aromatic hydrocarbons. The simplest member is toluene, in which a hydrogen atom of the benzene was replaced by a methyl group.

Examples of alkylbenzenes
parent compound:
Benzene circle.svg



Ortho-Xylol - ortho-xylene 2.svg Meta-Xylol - meta-xylene 2.svg Para-Xylol - para-xylene 2.svg
Xylene (o-, m-, p-Xylene)

Ethylbenzol.svg Cumol.svg P-Cymol.svg
Ethylbenzene     Cumene     p-Cymene

Comment: The structural formulas of aromatic compounds are usually shown only in one mesomeric form.


  • Allinger, Cava, de Jongh, Johnson, Lebel, Stevens: Organische Chemie, 1. Auflage, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-11-004594-X, pp. 367–368, 560–562.
  • Streitwieser / Heathcock: Organische Chemie, 1. Auflage, Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1980, ISBN 3-527-25810-8, pp. 1051, 1073–1080.
  • Beyer / Walter: Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie, 19. Auflage, S. Hirzel Verlag, Stuttgart 1981, ISBN 3-7776-0356-2, pp. 442–444.
  • Morrison / Boyd: Lehrbuch der Organischen Chemie, 3. Auflage, Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1986, ISBN 3-527-26067-6, pp. 707–728.