All-Russian Fascist Organisation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
All-Russian Fascist Organization
LeaderAnastasy Vonsyatsky
FoundedMay 10, 1933
DissolvedApril 26, 1934
Succeeded byRussian Fascist Party
HeadquartersPutnam, Connecticut, United States
NewspaperFashist
IdeologyFascism
Russian fascism
Political positionFar-right

The All-Russian Fascist Organization (VFO) was a Russian white émigré group led by Anastasy Vonsyatsky. It was based in Putnam, Connecticut, United States and was founded on May 10, 1933.[1]

In 1934, in Yokohama, the Russian Fascist Party (RFP) and VFO attempted to merge into a new entity, the All-Russia Fascist Party. On April 3, 1934, representatives from both organisations signed a protocol number 1, which proclaimed the merger of RFP and VFO and the creation of the All-Russia Fascist Party (VFP). The new organisation was intended to connect the RFP's organizational structure with the financial resources of the VFO. April 26, 1934, in Harbin on 2-m (Unity) Congress of Russian Fascists happened formal association VFO and the RFP and the creation of the All-Russia Fascist Party.[2]

A full merger was quite problematic however, because Vonsyatsky was an opponent of anti-Semitism and considered the support base of the RFP – primarily Russian Cossacks and the monarchists – as an anachronism. In October–December 1934 there was a split between Konstantin Rodzaevsky and Anastasy Vonsyatsky. The Vonsyatsky group remained in the RFP, but later he refounded his party as the All-Russian National Revolutionary Party.[3][4] The party remained a marginal feature.[3] It was renamed several times, eventually assuming the name All-Russian National Revolutionary Toilers and Workers-Peasants Party of Fascists (Russian: Всероссийская национально-революционная трудовая и рабоче-крестьянская партии фашистов)[5]

In 1940 – December 1941, the cooperation of Konstantin Rodzaevsky and Anastasy Vonsyatsky resumed, interrupted with the start of Japanese-American War.

After the U.S. entry into World War II in 1942 Anastasy Vonsyatsky was arrested by the FBI, after which the party ceased to exist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oberlander, p. 163
  2. ^ The Russian Fascists: Tragedy and Farce in Exile, 1925—1945 by John J. Stephan, p. 160
  3. ^ a b Oberlander, pp. 165–168
  4. ^ Winter, Barbara. The Most Dangerous Man in Australia. Carindale, Qld: IP (Interactive Publications), 2010. p. 131
  5. ^ emigrantica.ru. Фашист (Putnam, Connecticut, USA, 1933—1941)

External links[edit]

  • E. Oberlander, 'The All-Russian Fascist Party', Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 1, No. 1. (1966), pp. 158–173
  • The Russian Fascists: Tragedy and Farce in Exile, 1925–1945 by John J. Stephan ISBN 0-06-014099-2
  • К. В. Родзаевский. Завещание Русского фашиста. М., ФЭРИ-В, 2001 ISBN 5-94138-010-0
  • А.В. Окороков. Фашизм и русская эмиграция (1920–1945 гг.). М., Руссаки, 2002 ISBN 5-93347-063-5
  • Н.Н. Грозин. Защитные рубашки. Шанхай: Издательство Всероссийский Русский Календарь, 1939.
  • Anthem VFO