All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics
|Federal State Unitary Enterprise|
The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian: Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт экспериментальной физики) is a research institute based in Sarov (formerly Arzamas-16), Russia and established in 1947. During the Soviet era it was known as KB-11, and usually referred to as Arzamas-16. It is currently part of the Rosatom group.
The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEhF) is the former Soviet Union's premier research and development center for nuclear weapons. The first Soviet atomic bomb was developed here in the late 1940s, after which the center continued as a center for nuclear weapons research.
Many of the Soviet Union's best physicists were associated with Arzamas-16: Academician Andrey D. Sakharov worked here for nearly 20 years, and Academician Yuliy B. Khariton still served as the Center's scientific head in the 1990s.
Before being given its current name, the facility was successively known as the Volga Office, KB-11, Object No. 550, "Kremlev", "Center 300, Moscow", Arzamas-75 and Arzamas-16.
- Makhijani, Arjun; Hu, Howard; Yih, Katherine (2000). Nuclear Wastelands: A Global Guide to Nuclear Weapons Production and Its Health and Environmental Effects. MIT Press. ISBN 9780262632041.
- "Russian Defense Business Directory". Federation of American Scientists. US Department of Commerce Bureau of Export Administration. May 1995. Retrieved 21 July 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Kruglov, Arkadii (2002). The History of the Soviet Atomic Industry. CRC Press. ISBN 9780415269704.
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