All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics

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All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics
Federal State Unitary Enterprise
Founded1947
Headquarters,
Russia
ParentRosatom
Websitewww.vniief.ru

The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian: Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт экспериментальной физики) is a research institute based in Sarov (formerly Arzamas-16), Russia and established in 1947. During the Soviet era it was known as KB-11 and All-Soviet Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian: Всесоюзный научно-исследовательский институт экспериментальной физики, ВНИИЭФ). It is currently part of the Rosatom group.

The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF) is the former Soviet Union's premier research and development center for nuclear weapons. The first Soviet atomic bomb was developed here in the late 1940s, after which the center continued as a center for nuclear weapons research.[1]

Many of the Soviet Union's best physicists were associated with Arzamas-16: Academician Andrey D. Sakharov worked here for nearly 20 years, and Academician Yuliy B. Khariton still served as the Center's scientific head in the 1990s.[1]

Before being given its current name, the facility was successively known as the Volga Office, KB-11, Object No. 550, "Kremlev", "Center 300, Moscow", Arzamas-75 and Arzamas-16.[2]

As of August 2019, the Research Institute of Experimental Physics is a very large research complex with these institutes: Theoretical and mathematical physics (Russian: теоретической и математической физики), Gas dynamics and explosion physics (Russian: Газодинамики и физики взрыва), Nuclear and radiation physics (Russian: Ядерной и радиационной физики), Laser physical research (Russian: Лазерно-физических исследований), and the Scientific and Technical Complex (Russian: Научно-технический комплекс) also known as the KB (Russian: КБ), which consists of KB-1 (nuclear charges) (Russian: КБ-1 (ядерные заряды)), KB-2 (nuclear munitions) (Russian: КБ-2 (ядерные боеприпасы)), KB-3 (special security) (Russian: КБ-3 (специальная безопасность)), and KB-12 (special topics) (Russian: КБ-12 (специальная тематика)).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Russian Defense Business Directory". Federation of American Scientists. US Department of Commerce Bureau of Export Administration. May 1995. Retrieved 21 July 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Kruglov, Arkadii (2002). The History of the Soviet Atomic Industry. CRC Press. ISBN 9780415269704.
  3. ^ Попова, Надежда (Popova, Nadezhda) (14 August 2019). ""Кое-какеры" из Росатома" ["Something" from Rosatom]. Moscow Post (in Russian). Archived from the original on 21 August 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.

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Coordinates: 54°55′12″N 43°19′48″E / 54.92000°N 43.33000°E / 54.92000; 43.33000