All-source intelligence is a term used to describe intelligence organizations, intelligence analysts, or intelligence products that are based on all available sources of intelligence collection information.
The definition of all-source intelligence has changed over time. The distinction between intelligence that is single source and that which uses multiple sources has become outmoded. Intelligence analysts that produced intelligence primarily from SIGINT or IMINT, for instance, were considered single-INT producers. Because of the need to incorporate all-relevant information in reporting, IMINT analysts became GEOINT analysts that include not only IMINT but relevant information from other intelligence sources. This was especially important in the aftermath of the 9/11 intelligence failures. In the aftermath of these events, collaborative tools such as A-Space and Intellipedia are used for collaboration amongst all members of the Intelligence Community.
Sources considered for use in all-source intelligence analysis include the following:
- Central Intelligence Agency Directorate of Analysis
- Defense Intelligence Agency Directorate for Analysis
- United States Army Intelligence and Security Command's National Ground Intelligence Center
- Office of Naval Intelligence's Farragut Technical Analysis Center
- U.S. Air Force's National Air and Space Intelligence Center
- U.S Marine Corps Intelligence's Marine Corps Intelligence Activity
- United States Department of State's Bureau of Intelligence and Research
- National Security Agency (select components)
- National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
- Federal Bureau of Investigation's Intelligence Branch
- United States Coast Guard's Coast Guard Intelligence
- DHS Office of Intelligence and Analysis
- United States Department of Treasury's Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
- Drug Enforcement Administration's DEA Office of National Security Intelligence
- United States Department of Energy's Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
- Office of the Director of National Intelligence: National Counterproliferation Center (NCPC), National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), National Intelligence Council (NIC), Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive (ONCIX)
- "All-source intelligence". USLegal.com. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- U.S. Department of Defense (February 15, 2013). Joint Publication 1-02, Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (PDF).
- Fingar, Thomas (2012). A Guide to All-source Analysis (PDF). 19. Journal of Intelligence Studies. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- See individual articles for detailed references about all-source missions
- CIA. "CIA Directorate of Analysis". Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- DIA. "DIA Analysis and Counterintelligence". Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- ONI. "Farragut Technical Analysis Center". Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- Providing Invaluable Intelligence – A Brief History of the National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC_history.pdf) (Report).
- "A Brief History of Headquarters Marine Corps Organization" (PDF). United States Marine Corps. 1970. Retrieved 1 December 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Lowenthal, Mark M. (2009). Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy. Washington, DC: CQ Press. pp. 38, 125, 139.
- Russell, Richard L. Loch K. Johnson (ed.). Achieving AllSource Fusion in the Intelligence Community. Handbook of Intelligence (New York: Routledge, 2009). pp. 189–198.