All-source intelligence

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All-source intelligence is a term used to describe intelligence organizations, intelligence analysts, or intelligence products that are based on all available sources of intelligence collection information.[1][2]

History[edit]

The definition of all-source intelligence has changed over time. The distinction between intelligence that is single source and that which uses multiple sources has become outmoded. Intelligence analysts that produced intelligence primarily from SIGINT or IMINT, for instance, were considered single-INT producers. Because of the need to incorporate all-relevant information in reporting, IMINT analysts became GEOINT analysts that include not only IMINT but relevant information from other intelligence sources. This was especially important in the aftermath of the 9/11 intelligence failures. In the aftermath of these events, collaborative tools such as A-Space and Intellipedia are used for collaboration amongst all members of the Intelligence Community.[3]

Sources[edit]

Sources considered for use in all-source intelligence analysis include the following[3]:

Organizations[edit]

The following organizational components of the U.S. Intelligence Community employ analysts that produce all-source intelligence[4]:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "All-source intelligence". USLegal.com. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  2. ^ U.S. Department of Defense (February 15, 2013). Joint Publication 1-02, Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (PDF).
  3. ^ a b Fingar, Thomas (2012). A Guide to All-source Analysis (PDF). 19. Journal of Intelligence Studies. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  4. ^ See individual articles for detailed references about all-source missions
  5. ^ CIA. "CIA Directorate of Analysis". Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  6. ^ DIA. "DIA Analysis and Counterintelligence". Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  7. ^ ONI. "Farragut Technical Analysis Center". Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  8. ^ Providing Invaluable Intelligence – A Brief History of the National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC_history.pdf) (Report).
  9. ^ "A Brief History of Headquarters Marine Corps Organization" (PDF). United States Marine Corps. 1970. Retrieved 1 December 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • Lowenthal, Mark M. (2009). Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy. Washington, DC: CQ Press. pp. 38, 125, 139.
  • Russell, Richard L. Loch K. Johnson (ed.). Achieving AllSource Fusion in the Intelligence Community. Handbook of Intelligence (New York: Routledge, 2009). pp. 189–198.