The Allwinner A1X is a family of single-core SoC devices designed by Allwinner Technology from Zhuhai, China. Currently the family consists of the A10, A13, A10s and A12. The SoCs incorporate the ARM Cortex-A8 as their main processor and the Mali 400 as the GPU.
The Allwinner A1X is known for its ability to boot Linux distributions such as Debian, Ubuntu, Fedora, and other ARM architecture-capable distributions from an SD card, in addition to the Android OS usually installed on the flash memory of the device.
- HD video decoding (up to Super HD 2160p/3D Film)
- Supports popular video codecs, including VP8, AVS, H.264 MVC, VC-1, and MPEG-1/2/4
- HD Video Encoding (H.264 High Profile)
- Supports encoding in H.264 format
- Multi-channel HD displays
- Built-in HDMI
- YPbPr, CVBS, VGA
- LCD interfaces: CPU, RGB, LVDS up to full 1080p HDTV
- USB 2.0
- CSI, TS
- SD Card 3.0
- 10/100 Ethernet controller
- CAN bus (A10 only)
- Built-in SATA 2.0 Interface
- I²S, SPDIF and AC97 audio interfaces
- PS2, SPI, TWI and UART
Storage and boot devices
Many manufacturers have adopted the Allwinner A1X for use in devices running the Android operating system and the Linux operating System. The Allwinner A1X is used in tablet computers, set-top boxes, PC-on-a-stick, mini-PCs, and single-board computers.
- PengPod, Linux-based 7 and 10-inch tablets.
- Gooseberry, a board based on the A10 SoC similar to the Raspberry Pi.
- Cubieboard, a board based the A10 SoC.
- Tinkerforge RED Brick, a board based on the A10s SoC 
- CHIP (computer), a $9 SoC computer based on the A13
Operating System support
The Allwinner A1X architecture is referred to as 'sunxi' in the Linux kernel source tree. The source code is available at GitHub. At the moment, stable and full hardware support is limited to 3.0.x and 3.4.x kernels. Recent Mainline Kernels run, but do not offer NAND Acess an limited 3D-acceleration.
No factory sourced programmers manual is publicly available for the A10S CPU at this moment.
Apart from the single-core A1x (A10/A13/A10s/A12), two new more powerful Cortex-A7 Allwinner SoCs have been released by Allwinner, the A10-pin-compatible dual-core Allwinner A20, and the quad-core Allwinner A31.
- http://dl.linux-sunxi.org/A10/A10%20Datasheet%20-%20v1.21%20%282012-04-06%29.pdf http://dl.linux-sunxi.org/A13/A13%20Datasheet%20-%20v1.12%20%282012-03-29%29.pdf
- "PengPod Wiki". Archived from the original on 2014-02-17.
- "linux-sunxi". GitHub. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- Ganbold (26 December 2012). "Allwinner A10". freebsd-arm (Mailing list). Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "OpenBSD/armv7". OpenBSD. Retrieved 2015-05-30.
- "NetBSD/evbarm on Allwinner Technology SoCs". NetBSD. Retrieved 2015-05-30.