All Cannings

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All Cannings
The edge of All Cannings - geograph.org.uk - 846338.jpg
The edge of All Cannings
All Cannings is located in Wiltshire
All Cannings
All Cannings
All Cannings shown within Wiltshire
Population 649 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU070617
Civil parish
  • All Cannings
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Devizes
Postcode district SN10
Dialling code 01380
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Community Portal
List of places
UK
England
WiltshireCoordinates: 51°21′14″N 1°54′04″W / 51.354°N 01.901°W / 51.354; -01.901

All Cannings (pronounced Allcannings) is a village and civil parish in the Vale of Pewsey in the English county of Wiltshire, about 4 miles (6 km) east of Devizes.

The parish includes the nearby smaller settlement of Allington.

History[edit]

The earliest settlement in the area of All Cannings was at Rybury Camp, on the downs above the village.

The Iron Age settlement at the farm of All Cannings Cross is an important site in study of that period.

There is also evidence of settlement from Neolithic and Roman times. The Wansdyke crosses the parish, below Tan Hill.

The toponym is believed to be a derivation of "Old Canning" and a village probably existed on the current site by the 10th century as the invading Danes at that time referred to Canning Marsh.

There was a church from early in the 13th century and the earliest features in the current Church of England parish church are late Norman.

By the 14th century the village had a water mill, but this had disappeared by the 18th century.

Religious sites[edit]

View of All Cannings Church

The Church of England parish church of All Saints is Grade II* listed.[2] It dates from the 13th century and was restored in the 19th century.[3] The church has a cruciform in shape with a three bay nave, a central tower, north and south transepts, a south chapel, north and south porches, and a 19th century chancel.

Norman features remaining include part of the chancel arch. The three stage Perpendicular tower is the mid 15th century; the transepts also date from this period. It is believed that the nave and aisles were re-modelled after the Reformation.

There was a church at Allington before 1100 but it fell into disuse, possibly in the 14th century.[4]

Bethel Strict Baptist chapel opened at Allington in 1828 and is still in use.[5] A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was registered in 1890 and closed sometime before 1959.[6]

Education[edit]

All Cannings had a Sunday school by 1808 and a day-school by 1818.[7] 100 pupils were enrolled in the day-school but attendance was much less as many of the children worked in the fields during the week.[7]

By 1833 the village had two-day-schools: the parish school with 105 pupils and a private school with 12 pupils.[7] The Rector had the parish school built that year on land given by the Lord of the Manor, Alexander Baring.[7]

The private school had closed by 1858.[7] The parish school was reorganised in 1961[7] and moved into a new building in 2000.[8][9]

Outside and entrance to the new barrow
Exterior and entrance to the new barrow
Inside one of the Chambers of the barrow
Inside one of the Chambers of the barrow
The Modern Long Barrow at All Cannings

Modern Long Barrow[edit]

In 2015 the first long barrow in thousands of years, inspired by those built in the Neolithic Period, was built on land just outside the village. The project was instigated by Tim Daw, a local Farmer and steward of Stonehenge.[10]

The barrow was designed to have a large number of private niches withing the stone and earth structure to receive cremation urns.

The structure was received significant media attention as it was being built as was fully subscribed within eighteen mounts.[11]

Rock Against Cancer Concert[edit]

The Kings Arms public house hosts an annual "Rock Against Cancer" concert. Artists at the 2012 event included:

Ealy Concrete Housing[edit]

The concrete house
The concrete house
The brick "template" house next door
The brick "template" house next door
The brick and the concrete house next door

The Kennet and Avon Canal was built just north of the village and opened in 1810. The village's population peaked in the middle of the 19th century with the 1841 census showing 663 inhabitants.[1]

In 1868 Francis Baring, 3rd Baron Ashburton, and his tenant farmer Simon Hiscock decided to each build a pair of semi-detached workers cottages. They had two adjacent plots of the same size.

The tenant built his pair of brick, his Lordship of concrete – the only major difference is that in the absence of internal shuttering the concrete chimneys are straight rather than bent to combine into a single chimney stack.

Both pairs of cottages still stand largely unaltered, although one of the concrete houses had an extension added in June 2006.

It is assumed that this was a trial into the efficacy of using shuttered reinforced concrete as a building method. It seems to have been successful as two more pairs were then built, followed by a more elaborate villa style pair of cottages and finally a large Farmhouse.[citation needed]

This experiment is little acknowledged outside the area. While these houses may not be the very first concrete houses built, they were built within a couple of years of the first one – the time-line is not clear and are certainly the biggest example of a group of dwellings built then.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

David Curwen (1913–2011) built miniature railway steam locomotives at All Cannings.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints, All Cannings (1365955)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Church of All Saints, All Cannings". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 10 pp20-33 – Parishes: All Cannings". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Bethel Strict Baptist Chapel, Allington". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, All Cannings". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Crittall et al., 1975, pages 20–33
  8. ^ All Cannings C of E Primary School
  9. ^ "All Cannings C. of E. Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  10. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/property/11227351/Stonehenge-steward-builds-his-own-burial-chamber.html
  11. ^ http://www.thelongbarrow.com/news
  12. ^ "Concert at The Kings". Concerts at the Kings Arms Ltd. 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]