All Dogs Go to Heaven

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This article is about the film. For the television series, see All Dogs Go to Heaven: The Series. For the Supernatural episode, see All Dogs Go to Heaven (Supernatural).
All Dogs Go to Heaven
AllDogsGotoHeaven.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Don Bluth
Produced by Don Bluth
Gary Goldman
John Pomeroy
Screenplay by David N. Weiss
Story by Don Bluth
Ken Cromar
Gary Goldman
Larry Leker
Linda Miller
Monica Parker
John Pomeroy
Guy Shulman
David J. Steinberg
David N. Weiss
Starring
Music by Ralph Burns
Edited by John K. Carr
Production
company
Distributed by United Artists (United States)
Rank Organisation (United Kingdom)
Release dates
  • November 17, 1989 (1989-11-17) (United States)
  • February 1, 1990 (1990-02-01) (United Kingdom)
Running time
85 minutes
Country Ireland
United Kingdom
United States
Language English
Budget $13.8 million[1]
Box office $27.1 million (US)[2]

All Dogs Go to Heaven is a 1989 animated musical comedy-drama film directed and produced by Don Bluth and released by United Artists and Goldcrest Films.[3] It tells the story of Charlie B. Barkin (voiced by Burt Reynolds), a German Shepherd who is murdered by his former friend, Carface (voiced by Vic Tayback, in his final film role), but forsakes his place in Heaven to return to Earth, where he and his best friend, Itchy Itchiford (voiced by Dom DeLuise), team up with a young orphan girl, Anne-Marie (voiced by Judith Barsi, in her final film role), who teaches them an important lesson about honesty, loyalty, and love.

The film is an Irish, British and American venture produced by Sullivan Bluth Studios and Goldcrest Films. On its cinema release, it competed directly with the Walt Disney Pictures animated film The Little Mermaid, released on the same day. While it did not repeat the box-office success of Sullivan Bluth's previous feature films, The Secret of NIMH, An American Tail and The Land Before Time, it was very successful on home video, becoming one of the biggest-selling VHS releases ever. It inspired a theatrical sequel, a television series and a holiday direct-to-video film.

All Dogs Go to Heaven was released on DVD on November 17, 1998, and as an MGM Kids edition on March 6, 2001, and for the first time rendered in high definition on Blu-ray on March 29, 2011, without special features except the original theatrical trailer. It had a DVD double feature release with its sequel on March 14, 2006, and January 18, 2011. It had also released on Blu-ray on March 29, 2011.

Plot[edit]

In 1939 New Orleans, Charlie B. Barkin and Itchy Itchiford escape from the dog pound and return to a casino riverboat on the bayou, formerly run by Charlie and his partner, Carface Caruthers. Unwilling to share the profits with Charlie, Carface persuades him to leave town with 50% of the casino's earnings. He agrees but is later intoxicated and murdered by Carface. He is sent to Heaven where a whippet angel tells him that a gold watch representing his life has stopped. He steals and winds it, returning to Earth, but was told that if he dies again, he will go to Hell and never return to Heaven. After reuniting with Itchy, they discover that Carface is holding a young orphan named Anne-Marie who has the ability to talk to animals and gain knowledge of a race's results beforehand, allowing Carface to rig the odds on the rat races and become rich. They rescue her, intending to use her abilities to get revenge on Carface, though Charlie tells her that they plan to give their winnings to the poor and help her find parents. The next day at the race track, Charlie steals a wallet from a couple as they talk to Anne-Marie and become concerned for her ragged appearance.

Charlie and Itchy use their winnings to build a successful casino in the junkyard they live in. Anne-Marie, upon discovering that she had been used, threatens to leave. To keep her happy, Charlie brings pizza to a family of poor puppies and their mother, Flo, at the old abandoned church. While there, Anne-Marie discovers the wallet he had stolen and becomes upset, rushing away where she dreams of living with the couple in its photo. After a nightmare in which he is sent to Hell and meets the Beast called the Hellhound and is attacked by the Hellhound's Devils, Charlie awakens to discover that Anne-Marie has gone to return the wallet. The couple, Kate and Harold, welcome her into their home and serve her waffles. While they privately discuss letting her stay, Charlie arrives outside and tricks her into leaving with him. Walking home, Charlie is shot by Carface and Killer but is impervious to harm as long as he has the watch. He and Anne-Marie escape into hiding but falls into the lair of King Gator. He and Charlie strike a chord as kindred spirits and he lets them go, but Anne-Marie falls ill with pneumonia.

Meanwhile as Carface and his thugs destroy the casino, Itchy confronts Charlie, claiming he cares about Anne-Marie more than him. He angrily declares that he is using her and will eventually "dump her in an orphanage". She overhears the conversation and sadly runs away before she is captured by Carface and Charlie follows them. Flo, hearing Anne-Marie's scream, sends Itchy to get help from Kate and Harold, and he rouses the dogs of the city by his side. Charlie returns to the casino, where he is attacked by Carface and his thugs. He fights them off, which inadvertently sets an oil fire that soon engulfs it. King Gator saves him, chases Carface off and eats him. As the watch falls into the water, Charlie pushes Anne-Marie to safety onto some debris and dives into the water to retrieve it, but it stops before he can do so. Anne-Marie and a redeemed Killer are discovered by Kate, Harold and the authorities, as the boat sinks into the water.

Sometime later, Kate and Harold adopted Anne-Marie who also adopted Itchy, Charlie returns in ghost form and apologizes to Anne-Marie. The whippet angel appears and tells him that because he gave his life for Anne-Marie, Charlie regained his place in Heaven. Anne-Marie awakens and he says goodbye and asks her to watch after Itchy. She falls asleep and Charlie returns to Heaven.

Voice cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The earliest idea for the film was conceived by Don Bluth after finishing work on The Secret of NIMH. The treatment was originally about a canine private eye, and one of three short stories making up an anthology film. The character of a shaggy German Shepherd was designed specifically with Burt Reynolds in mind for the role. However, Bluth's first studio, Don Bluth Productions, was going through a period of financial difficulty, ultimately having to declare bankruptcy, and the idea never made it beyond rough storyboards. The concept was revived by Bluth, John Pomeroy, and Gary Goldman, and rewritten by David N. Weiss, collaborating with the producers from October through December 1987. They built around the title All Dogs Go to Heaven and drew inspiration from films, such as It's a Wonderful Life, Little Miss Marker, and A Guy Named Joe. The film's title came from a book read to Bluth's fourth-grade class, and he resisted suggestions to change it, stating he liked how "provocative" it sounded, and how people reacted to the title alone.

During the production of their previous feature film, Sullivan Bluth Studios had moved from Van Nuys, California to a state-of-the-art studio facility in Dublin, Ireland, and the film was their first to begin production wholly at the Irish studio. It was also their first to be funded from sources outside of Hollywood, the previous two feature films, An American Tail and The Land Before Time, had been backed by Amblin Entertainment and Universal Pictures, and executive producers Steven Spielberg and George Lucas (for The Land Before Time only) exercised a degree of control over the content of the films, a situation Bluth found disagreeable.[4][5] The studio found investment from UK-based Goldcrest Films in a US$70m deal to produce three animated feature films (though only two, it and Rock-a-Doodle, would be completed under the deal).[6] The three founding members of the studio, Bluth, Pomeroy, and Goldman, had all moved to Ireland to set up the new facility, but during the film's production, John Pomeroy returned to the U.S. to head up a satellite studio which provided some of the animation for the film. Pomeroy also used his presence in the U.S. to generate early publicity for the film, including a presentation at the 1987 San Diego Comic-Con.[7]

The film's lead voices, Burt Reynolds and Dom DeLuise, had previously appeared together in five films. For this one, they requested them to record their parts in the studio together (in American animation it is more common for each actor to record their part solo). Bluth agreed and allowed Reynolds and DeLuise to ad-lib extensively, Bluth later commented, "their ad-libs were often better than the original script".[8] However, Reynolds was more complimentary of the draft, warmly quipping, "Great script, kid", as he left the studio. Another pair of voices, those of Carface and Killer (Vic Tayback and Charles Nelson Reilly, respectively), also recorded together. Loni Anderson, who voices Flo, was Reynolds' then-wife.[7] Child actress Judith Barsi, who voiced Ducky in Bluth's previous film The Land Before Time, was selected to voice Anne-Marie; she was killed in an apparent murder-suicide over a year before All Dogs Go to Heaven was released.[7]

As production neared completion, the studio held test screenings and decided that some of the scenes were too intense for younger viewers. Writer and producer John Pomeroy decided to shorten Charlie's nightmare about being condemned. Co-director Gary Goldman also agreed to the cut, recognizing that the concession needed to be made in the name of commercial appeal. Don Bluth owned a private 35mm print of the uncut version and planned to convince Goldcrest Films on releasing a director's cut of the film in the mid-1990s after returning from Ireland. But the print was stolen from Bluth's locked storage room, diminishing hopes of releasing this version on home video.[1]

Soundtrack[edit]

All Dogs Go to Heaven Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Soundtrack album by Various Artists
Released July 1, 1989[9]
Genre Soundtrack
Length 33:18
Label Curb Records
Producer Ralph Burns
Don Bluth Music of Films chronology
The Land Before Time (1988) All Dogs Go to Heaven
(1989)
Rock-a-Doodle
(1992)

The music for All Dogs Go to Heaven was composed by Ralph Burns with lyrics by Charles Strouse, T.J. Kuenster, Joel Hirschhorn, and Al Kasha.[10] An official soundtrack was released on July 1, 1989, by Curb Records on audio cassette and CD featuring 13 tracks, including 7 vocal songs performed by various cast members.[9] The end credits theme "Love Survives" was dedicated to Anne-Marie's voice actress Judith Barsi, who died before the film's release.

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4/5 stars [1]

Track listing

  1. "Love Survives" - Irene Cara and Freddie Jackson - Length: 3:25
  2. "Mardi Gras" - Music Score - Length: 1:17
  3. "You Can't Keep a Good Dog Down" - Burt Reynolds and Dom DeLuise - Length: 2:30
  4. "Hellhound" - Music Score - Length: 2:09
  5. "What's Mine Is Yours" - Burt Reynolds - Length: 1:48
  6. "At the Race Track" - Music Score - Length: 1:49
  7. "Let Me Be Surprised" - Melba Moore and Burt Reynolds - Length: 4:54
  8. "Soon You'll Come Home" (Anne-Marie's Theme) - Lana Beeson - Length: 2:38
  9. "Money Montage" - Music Score - Length: 3:43
  10. "Dogs to the Rescue" - Music Score - Length: 3:10
  11. "Let's Make Music Together" - Ken Page and Burt Reynolds - Length: 2:24
  12. "Goodbye Anne-Marie" - Music Score - Length: 2:10
  13. "Hallelujah" - Candy Devine - 1:21

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

All Dogs Go to Heaven received very mixed reviews from critics,[7] maintaining a 50% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 10 reviews,[3] and a 50 out of 100 score from Metacritic.[11] Reviewers often drew unfavorable comparisons to Disney's offering, criticizing the disjointed narrative, the quality of the animation, and the songs by Charlie Strouse and T.J. Kuenster.[12] The film received a "thumbs down" from Gene Siskel and a "thumbs up" from Roger Ebert on a 1989 episode of their television program At the Movies. While Siskel found it to be "surprisingly weak" given director Don Bluth's previous works, due largely to its "confusing story" and "needlessly violent" scenes, Ebert was a fan of the movie's "rubbery and kind of flexible" animation, stating he felt it was a good film despite not being an "animated classic."[13]

Some also found the darker subject material objectionable in a family film,[14][15] featuring as it does depictions of death, violence, drinking, smoking, gambling, murder, demons and images of Hell. But other reviews were mostly positive, with critics praising the film's emotional qualities, humor, and vibrant color palette.[16][17] Roger Ebert, who was unimpressed with Bluth's previous film An American Tail, gave it three out of four stars, remarking that the animation "permits such a voluptuous use of color that the movie is an invigorating bath for the eyes," and that although he preferred The Little Mermaid, which opened on the same day, he still found Dogs to be "bright and inventive."[16] More recent reviews of the film have generally been less harsh, with Box Office Mojo awarding it a B- rating. However, film critic Leonard Maltin gave it one-and-a-half out of four stars, due to "unappealing characters, confusing storytelling, and forgettable songs."[18]

Box office[edit]

Dissatisfied with the terms imposed by Universal Studios, which had distributed their previous two films, the studio found an alternative distributor in United Artists. Somewhat unusually, production investors Goldcrest Films covered the cost of the release prints and the promotional campaign, in return for a greatly reduced distribution fee from UA. This was similar to the arrangement with United Artists when they distributed Bluth's first feature film, The Secret of NIMH. Goldcrest Films invested $15 million in printing and promoting the film. Due to contractual issues, very little tie-in merchandise accompanied the film's theatrical release;[7] a computer game adaptation for the Commodore Amiga's DOS system (with a free software package) was released, and restaurant chain Wendy's offered toys with their Kids' Meals or regular fries.[19]

The film opened in North America on November 17, 1989, which was the same day as Walt Disney Pictures' 28th full-length animated motion picture The Little Mermaid; once again, Sullivan Bluth Studios' latest feature would be vying for box office receipts with Disney's, just as their last two films (An American Tail and The Land Before Time) had. On its theatrical release, while still making its budget of $13.8 million back, the film's performance fell short of Sullivan Bluth Studios' previous box office successes, grossing US$27m in North America alone, just over half of what An American Tail and The Land Before Time each took.[20]

Awards and honors[edit]

All Dogs Go to Heaven received a nomination for "Best Family Motion Picture: Adventure or Cartoon" at the 11th annual Youth in Film Awards ceremony, being beaten by Disney's The Little Mermaid.[21] The home video release received an Award of Excellence from the Film Advisory Board.[22]

Award Nomination Nominee Result
Youth in Film Award Best Family Motion Picture: Adventure or Cartoon All Dogs Go to Heaven Nominated

Home media[edit]

All Dogs Go to Heaven was released on VHS, S-VHS, 8mm video and LaserDisc in both regular[23] and special CAV standard play editions[24] by MGM/UA Home Video on August 29, 1990.[25] The film became a sleeper hit thanks to its home video release; a strong promotional campaign helped it become one of the top-selling VHS releases of all time, selling over 3 million copies in its first month.[26]

A DVD version was made available for the first time on March 6, 2001, under the MGM Kids label[27] (with an aspect ratio of 2.35:1 in its anamorphic widescreen transfer) and was later released as a double feature with All Dogs Go to Heaven 2 on March 14, 2006.[28] On March 29, 2011, the film made its debut on Blu-ray,[29] which was later included as a bundle with its sequel on October 7, 2014,[30] along with a re-release of the compilation on DVD.[31] The Blu-ray version was also packaged with another Don Bluth film, The Pebble and the Penguin, on October 8, 2013,[32] and again with eight other MGM films as part of the company's 90th anniversary "Best of Family Collection" on February 4, 2014.[33]

Sequels and spin-off[edit]

The success of the film, particularly its performance on home video, prompted several follow-up productions. A theatrical sequel, All Dogs Go to Heaven 2; a television series, All Dogs Go to Heaven: The Series; and An All Dogs Christmas Carol, a Christmas television movie based on Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol, were made. Don Bluth and his studio had no involvement with any of them, and Burt Reynolds did not reprise his role as Charlie after the first film. Charles Nelson Reilly declined to return for the sequel film but voiced Killer for the television productions. Dom DeLuise played Itchy through the entire franchise.

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Ask Us Questions at [donbluth.com]
  2. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven (1989)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "All Dogs Go To Heaven (1989)". RottenTomatoes. Retrieved October 21, 2015. 
  4. ^ Cawley, John. "Don Bluth American Tail". The Animated Films of Don Bluth. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  5. ^ Cawley, The Land Before Time
  6. ^ Cawley, At Home in Ireland
  7. ^ a b c d e Cawley, John. "Don Bluth All Dogs Heaven". The Animated Films of Don Bluth. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  8. ^ Beck, The Animated Movie Guide p.14
  9. ^ a b "All Dogs Go To Heaven: Various artists". Amazon.com. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  10. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven - Original Soundtrack". AllMusic. Retrieved October 15, 2015. 
  11. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven". Metacritic. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  12. ^ Rainer, Peter (November 17, 1989). "All Dogs Go to Heaven (review)". L.A. Times. 
  13. ^ "Back to the Future Part II / All Dogs Go to Heaven / Henry V (1989)". Siskel & Ebert.org. Retrieved October 30, 2015. 
  14. ^ Kempley, Rita (November 17, 1989). "'All Dogs Go to Heaven' (G)". New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  15. ^ Carr, Jay (November 17, 1989). "All Dogs Go to Heaven Review". Boston Globe. 
  16. ^ a b Ebert, Roger (November 17, 1989). "All Dogs Go to Heaven Movie Review". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  17. ^ Kehr, Dave (November 17, 1989). "All Dogs Go to Heaven Review". Chicago Tribune. 
  18. ^ "Movie Detail: All Dogs Go to Heaven". The Movie Geek. Retrieved October 26, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Wendy's All Dogs Go to Heaven Toys". Retro Junk. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Don Bluth - Box Office". The Numbers. Retrieved October 20, 2015. 
  21. ^ "11th Annual Awards". Young Artist Awards. Retrieved October 21, 2015. 
  22. ^ "Film Advisory Board, Inc.". Film Advisory Board. Retrieved December 30, 2014. 
  23. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven [ML101868]". LaserDisc Database. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  24. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven [ML102043]". LaserDisc Database. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  25. ^ Steven, Mary (August 24, 1990). "All Animals Go To Heaven And To Video". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 29, 2015. 
  26. ^ Lenburg, p.32
  27. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven". Amazon. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  28. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven 1 and 2 (Double Feature)". Amazon. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  29. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven Blu-ray". Blue-ray.com. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  30. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven 1 and 2 Blu-ray". Blue-ray.com. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  31. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven 1 & 2". Amazon. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  32. ^ "All Dogs Go to Heaven/The Pebble and the Penguin Blu-ray". Blue-ray.com. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  33. ^ "MGM Best of Family Collection Blu-ray". Blue-ray.com. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 

Bibliography

  • Beck, Jerry (October 2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. pp. 13–14. ISBN 1-55652-591-5. 
  • Cawley, John (October 1991). The Animated Films of Don Bluth. Image Pub of New York. ISBN 0-685-50334-8. 
  • Lenburg, Jeff (June 2006). Who's Who in Animated Cartoons: An International Guide to Film and Television's Award-Winning and Legendary Animators. Applause Books. p. 32. ISBN 1-55783-671-X. 

External links[edit]