Joint Entrance Examination (Main)
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The Joint Entrance Examination (Main) (formerly All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) ) is an examination organised by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. Introduced in the year 2002, this national level competitive test is for admission to various undergraduate engineering and architecture courses in institutes accepting the AIEEE score, mainly 31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and 20 Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs). The examination was generally held on the last Sunday of April and results were announced in the last week of May or the first week of June. Candidates were ranked on an all-India basis and state basis. Thus, they have an All India Rank (AIR) and a State Rank (SR).
The examination, originally called AIEEE, was renamed as Joint Entrance Examination (Main) in April 2013.
The examination consists of only two papers: Paper 1 for B.E./BTech courses and Paper 2 for BArch courses. A candidate can opt for any or both the papers. Paper 1 has three sections: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry with equal weight for each subject. Each section consists of multiple choice objective-type questions each of which has four choices. Out of the four choices for a given question, only one choice is correct. Paper 1 has a negative-marking scheme wherein an incorrect answer is negatively marked with one fourth of the maximum marks allotted to the question. Paper 2 has three sections: Mathematics, Drawing, and Aptitude. Mathematics, and Aptitude sections have multiple choice objective-type questions and the Drawing section has drawing-based questions. The duration of each paper is three hours. Candidates are not allowed to carry any textual material, calculators, logarithmic tables or electronic devices into the examination hall. The number of questions and their maximum marks have been variable through the years. The questions are based on a syllabus that is common to syllabi of all the state boards in India and the Central Board of Secondary Education. Candidates can opt for question papers either in English or in Hindi language. For admission to BTech or B.E. courses in the participating institutes the candidate is required to take the Paper 1; for admission to BArch or B. Planning courses the candidate is required to take Paper 2. The examination was conducted in offline pen and paper mode till 2010. In 2011, as per the orders of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, CBSE conducted Paper 1 in Computer-Based-Test mode for the first one lakh candidates who opted for the same, while the remaining students took the examination in the conventional pen and paper mode. The number of attempts which a candidate can avail at the examination is limited to three in consecutive years.
The Central Counselling Board coordinates the admissions to the under-graduate courses in the participating institutes. Only small percentage of students taking the test are eligible for central counselling or state-specific or category-specific counselling on basis of their AIR. Counseling for SC/ST candidates and SC/ST physically handicapped candidates is done on the first two days. Then the physically handicapped in the Open (OP) category are counselled.
As declared by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), 50% of the seats in NITs will be filled from AIEEE eligible candidates of states where NITs are located and the remaining 50% will be filled on All India Merit basis. Whereas for IIIT's all of the seats are being filled through All India Merit Basis.
The number of applicants in AIEEE 2012 was about 1.3 million, in 2011 it was about 1.1 million. According to the number of applicants it is the single day largest exam in the world. Institutes participating in the Central Counselling:
- The 30 National Institutes of Technology (During AIEEE time there were only 30 NITs)
- The 5 Indian Institutes of Information Technology
- Other central/state funded technical institutions (CFTIs/SFTIs) viz The 3 School of Planning and Architecture, BIT Ranchi and other Central Universities.
- Several self-financed technical institutes also participates in AIEEE counselling during the spot round.
In 2011, CBSE postponed the examination by 2.5 hours after Uttar Pradesh Special Task Force found the leaked question paper in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh the night before. Meanwhile, alternate set of question papers were sent to the examination centres. CBSE announced the postponement 30 minutes before the scheduled start of the examination.
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- "http://jeemain.nic.in/webinfo/Public/Home.aspx". jeemain.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-01-21. External link in
- Central Counselling Board (13 July 2011). "List of Participating Institutes" (PDF). Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- The Times of India (22 November 2010). "1L students to take AIEEE online". The Times of India.
- "IIT-JEE likely to be abolished by 2013". sify.com. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "ISEET to replace IIT JEE and AIEEE".
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- Times of India. "AIEEE question papers leaked, test postponed". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 June 2011.