Joint Entrance Examination – Main
|Developer / administrator||Central Board of Secondary Education|
|Knowledge / skills tested||Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in paper 1 and Mathematics, Drawing and Aptitude in Paper 2|
|Purpose||Admission to undergraduate Engineering and architecture courses in 31 NITs, 20 IIITs and other colleges. Also serves as a prelim selection for JEE Advanced|
|Duration||3 hours for each paper|
|Score / grade range||-90 to +360 in Paper 1|
|Offered||Once a year|
|Restrictions on attempts||Maximum three attempts in successive years|
|Countries / regions||India|
|Languages||English and Hindi|
|As per 2017 information bulletin|
Joint Entrance Examination – Main (JEE-Main), formerly All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), is an examination organised by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. Introduced in the year 2002, this national level competitive test is for admission to various undergraduate engineering and architecture courses in institutes accepting the AIEEE score, mainly 31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and 23 Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs).
The examination, originally called sometimes AIEEE, was renamed as Joint Entrance Examination (Main) in April 2017. The AIEEE was generally held on the last Sunday of April and results were announced in the last week of May or the first week of June. Post the rename, the exam is held in the first week of April. Candidates are ranked on an all-India basis and on state basis. Thus, they get an All India Rank (AIR) and a State Rank (SR).
From 2019, JEE Main will be conducted two times in a year and it will be conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA).
The examination consists of only two papers: Paper 1 for B.E./BTech courses and Paper 2 for BArch courses. A candidate can opt for any or both the papers. Candidates attempting Paper 1 can select one of the two modes of writing the test. 1) Pen & paper 2) Online. Paper 1 has three subject sections: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Each one of the 3 subject sections consists of 30 questions each with equal weightage for every question. All questions are multiple choice objective-type questions each of which has four choices. Out of the four choices for a given question, only one choice is correct. Every correct answer will receive 4 marks each and every incorrectly attempted question will receive a negative marking of -1 mark. There is no negative marking applied if the question is left unanswered. Paper 2 has three sections: Mathematics, Drawing, and Aptitude. Mathematics, and Aptitude sections have multiple choice objective-type questions and the Drawing section has drawing-based questions. The duration of each paper is three hours. Candidates are not allowed to carry any textual material, calculators, logarithmic tables or electronic devices into the examination hall. The number of questions and their maximum marks have been variable through the years. The questions are based on a syllabus that is common to syllabi of all the state boards in India and the Central Board of Secondary Education. Candidates can opt for question papers either in English or in Hindi language. For admission to BTech or B.E. courses in the participating institutes the candidate is required to take the Paper 1; for admission to BArch or B. Planning courses the candidate is required to take Paper 2. The examination was conducted in offline pen and paper mode till 2010. In 2011, as per the orders of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, CBSE conducted Paper 1 in Computer-Based-Test mode for the first one lakh candidates who opted for the same, while the remaining students took the examination in the conventional pen and paper mode. The number of attempts which a candidate can avail at the examination is limited to three in consecutive years. As of 2018[update], the top 224,000 rankers of JEE (Main) will qualify to appear for the second and final level of examination: JEE (Advanced)
In 2010 the Ministry of Human Resource Development announced plans to replace JEE by 2013 with a common entrance test for all government engineering colleges which will be called ISEET. Accordingly, MHRD proposes to set up National Testing Service, which will be an autonomous and self-sustained agency to conduct this new common entrance test.
For the academic session 2017-18, around 12 lakh candidates appeared in JEE Main 2017. The number of participating institutes of JEE Main also witnessed an increase with addition of 3 new IIITs and 2 GFTIs.
23 Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs)
31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
23 Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)
20 Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs)
Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur
Several other Institutes spread across the country The Central Counselling Board coordinates the admissions to the under-graduate courses in the participating institutes. Only small percentage of students taking the test are eligible for central counselling or state-specific or category-specific counselling on basis of their AIR. Counseling for SC/ST candidates and SC/ST physically handicapped candidates is done on the first two days. Then the physically handicapped in the Open (OP) category are counselled.
As declared by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), 50% of the total seats in NITs and CFTIs are offered through Home State Quota, while 50% are reserved for Other State Quota or All India Quota. In other words, candidates who qualify JEE Main and are eligible for admissions into NITs and CFTIs, will be offered admission as per Home State and All India/Other State Quota.
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The number of applicants in AIEEE 2012 was about 1.2 million, in 2011 it was about 1.1 million. According to the number of applicants it is the single day largest exam in the world. Institutes participating in the Central Counselling:
- The 30 National Institutes of Technology (During AIEEE time there were only 30 NITs)
- The 5 Indian Institutes of Information Technology
- Other central/state funded technical institutions (CFTIs/SFTIs) viz The 3 School of Planning and Architecture, BIT Ranchi and other Central Universities.
- Several self-financed technical institutes also participates in AIEEE counselling during the spot round.
Several other Institutes including Delhi Technological University, NSIT, Punjab Engineering College, Thapar University, IIIT Hyderabad etc. also admit students through their own counselling, based on AIEEE ranks.
Number of applicants by year
The number of applicants taking the JEE Main has varied over the years. In 2016, fewer aspirants registered as compared to the previous three years as shown in the table below.1.3 million candidates appeared for JEE Main in 2014. In 2016, JEE Main was conducted on 3 April 2016 (offline mode) and April 9 and April 10, 2016 (online mode).
|Year||No. of Students|
In 2011, CBSE postponed the examination by a few hours after the question papers were leaked in Uttar Pradesh the night before. Meanwhile, alternate set of question papers were sent to the examination centres. CBSE announced the postponement 30 minutes before the scheduled start of the examination.
- Joint Entrance Examination – Advanced
- All India Pre Medical Test
- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
- All India Council for Technical Education
- Common engineering entrance examination
- National Eligibility and Entrance Test
- "Joint Entrance Examination(Main) - 2017 - I N F O R M A T I O N B U L L E T I N" (PDF). JEE (Main) Secretariat - Central Board of Secondary Education. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Official Website". jeemain.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- Central Counselling Board (13 July 2011). "List of Participating Institutes" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- "JEE Main Registrations 2019 to begin from this date: Check eligibility criteria, important dates here". India Today. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
- The Times of India (22 November 2010). "1L students to take AIEEE online". The Times of India.
- Bhandary, Shreya (30 October 2017). "Eligibility criteria for JEE Advanced 2018 released, more students can appear for exam". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "IIT-JEE likely to be abolished by 2013". sify.com. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "ISEET to replace IIT JEE and AIEEE".
- "JEE (Mains) 2014: 14 lakh candidates appeared for the exam : News". indiatoday.intoday.in.
- "RESULT OF JEE (MAIN) 2017" (PDF). cbse.nic.in. National Informatics Centre. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- "CBSE JEE Main 2016: Check out the result analysis here!". 27 April 2016. India Today. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- "JEE Main Registrations Stats: 2014 vs 2015". 2 March 2014. Careers360. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- "JEE Main 2014 Result Analysis". 7 May 2014. Shiksha. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- "Number of applicants for JEE Main decreased in 2015". 8 January 2016. Jagran Josh. 1 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- Central Board of Secondary Education (1 May 2011). "AIEEE-2011 Important Press Release" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 June 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- Times of India. "AIEEE question papers leaked, test postponed". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 June 2011.