All India Institutes of Medical Sciences
The All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are a group of autonomous government public medical colleges of higher education. These institutes have been declared by an Act of Parliament as Institutes of National Importance. AIIMS New Delhi, the fore-runner institute, was established in 1956. Since then, 22 more institutes were announced. As of January 2020[update], fifteen institutes are operating and eight more are expected to become operational until 2025. Proposals were made for six more AIIMS.
The first AIIMS was established in 1956 under the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1956. Originally proposed by the then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru for establishment in Calcutta, it was established in New Delhi following the refusal of Chief Minister of West Bengal Bidhan Chandra Roy. The act established AIIMS New Delhi, which was then known simply as All India Institute of Medical Sciences, and gave it the Institutes of National Importance (INI) status. Amrit Kaur was the India's first health minister. When the issue of funds for the setup of AIIMS, New Delhi initially came up, it was she who was instrumental in acquiring a huge amount from the New Zealand government. Over the years, she rallied around and was successful in getting donations from international bodies like the Rockefeller foundation, and the Ford foundation, as well as from the government of Australia, West Germany, as well as from the Dutch government.
In 2003 the Government of India announced the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) initiative which aimed at "correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/reliable tertiary healthcare services". This was to be done through two main channels: setting up AIIMS-like institutions and upgrading government medical colleges. PMSSY was officially launched in March 2006 and six AIIMS-like medical institutes were announced for under-served states in Patna, Bhopal, Raipur, Bhubaneshwar, Jodhpur and Rishikesh. Theses were originally assigned ₹332 crore (equivalent to ₹858 crore or US$120 million in 2019) per institution, a sum which was raised to ₹820 crore (equivalent to ₹15 billion or US$210 million in 2019) in 2010. They were later retroactively denoted "Phase I institutes".
The six institutes become operational through an Ordinance from September 2012. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (Amendment) Bill, 2012 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 27 August 2012 in order to replace that Ordinance. Lok Sabha passed the Bill on 30 August 2012, it was introduced in Rajya Sabha on 3 September 2012 and passed on 4 September 2012. The Act was published on 13 September 2012.
The act also allowed the institutes to operate more autonomously, and awarded them the INI status. In addition, also conferred the power to establish other AIIMS-like institutes by gazette notification and give them equal status.
In 2013 a further gazette notification was made under the same Act, establishing AIIMS Raebareli. It was later denoted as "Phase-II" of PMSSY. No new institutes were introduced in Phase III.
In July 2014, in the budget speech for 2014–15, the Minister of Finance Arun Jaitley announced a budget of ₹500 crore (equivalent to ₹643 crore or US$90 million in 2019) for setting up four new AIIMS, in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and the Purvanchal region in Uttar Pradesh. These "Phase-IV" institutes, became AIIMS Mangalagiri in Andhra Pradesh and AIIMS Nagpur in Maharashtra, established in 2018 and later AIIMS Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh and AIIMS Kalyani in West Bengal, which started operation in 2019.
On 28 February 2015, in the 2015–2016 budget speech, Jaitley announced five more AIIMS, in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Assam and Tamil Nadu and an "AIIMS-like" institute in Bihar. On 7 November 2015, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi had announced development package for Jammu & Kashmir which includes the setting up of two AIIMS, in the capital cities of Jammu and Kashmir. Of these seven "Phase-V" institutes, sites have been assigned for at Changsari in Assam, Vijay Pur in the Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir, Awantipora in the Kashmir Division of Jammu and Kashmir, Bathinda in Punjab, Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh, Madurai in Tamil Nadu and the latest AIIMS Darbhanga in the Darbhanga District in Bihar, serving the Mithila region, which will be established to the nearby the campus Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital. As of January 2020[update], AIIMS is likely to start by the end of this year. It will cost Rs 1,300 crore. In December 2018 the government has approved and assigned funds for the AIIMS in Madurai, and a foundation stone was set in January 2019. AIIMS Bathinda started operation in 2019.
On 1 February 2017, in the budget presentation for 2017–2018, Jaitley announced two more AIIMS, in Jharkhand and Gujarat. Of these "Phase-VI" institutes, sites were identified in Deoghar for the institute in Jharkhand and in Khandheri near Rajkot for Gujarat. As of June 2018[update], no funds were allocated and no deadline was set for the Gujarat institute. AIIMS Deoghar started operation in 2019.
A week after the 2017–2018 budget presentation, on 9 February 2017, Jaitley announced an AIIMS in Telangana. On 17 December 2018, the cabinet approved the AIIMS, to be located in Bibinagar, near Hyderabad. This institute was later denoted as "Phase-VII". It started operation in August 2019.
On 1 February 2019, in the presentation of the interim budget for 2019–2020, Piyush Goyal, who was given temporary charge of the Minister of Finance a week earlier, announced an AIIMS in Haryana. This institute was later denoted as "Phase-VIII". In March, the cabinet approved the institute in Manethi, Rewari district.
The AIIMS institutes are located in:
|AIIMS New Delhi||1956||New Delhi||Delhi|
|AIIMS Bhopal||2012||Bhopal||Madhya Pradesh|
|AIIMS Raebareli||2013||Raebareli||Uttar Pradesh|
|AIIMS Mangalagiri||2018||Mangalagiri||Andhra Pradesh|
|AIIMS Gorakhpur||2019||Gorakhpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|AIIMS Kalyani||2019||Kalyani||West Bengal|
As of June 2010[update], 8 more AIIMS are under development. In November 2010, the health ministry stated that all 22 new AIIMS will be functional by February 2025. There are also proposals for establishing AIIMS in Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tripura and Mizoram.
|AIIMS Madurai||Madurai||Tamil Nadu||Phase V|
|AIIMS Bilaspur||Bilaspur||Himachal Pradesh|
|AIIMS Jammu||Vijay Pur||Jammu and Kashmir|
|AIIMS Kashmir||Awantipora||Jammu and Kashmir|
|AIIMS Gujarat||Rajkot||Gujarat||Phase VI|
|AIIMS Haryana||Manethi||Haryana||Phase VIII|
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...of each new AIIMS in first phase...
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