All India Institutes of Medical Sciences
The All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are a group of autonomous government public medical colleges of higher education. These institutes have been declared by an Act of Parliament as Institutes of National Importance. AIIMS New Delhi, the fore-runner parent excellence institution, was established in 1956.
The AIIMS institutes are located in:
|AIIMS New Delhi||1956||New Delhi||Delhi|
|AIIMS Bhopal||2012||Bhopal||Madhya Pradesh|
|AIIMS Raebareli||2013||Raebareli||Uttar Pradesh|
|AIIMS Mangalagiri||2018||Mangalagiri||Andhra Pradesh|
|AIIMS Gorakhpur||2019||Gorakhpur||Uttar Pradesh|
The first AIIMS was established in 1956 under the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1956. Originally proposed by the then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru for establishment in Calcutta, it was established in New Delhi following the Chief Minister of West Bengal Bidhan Chandra Roy refusal.
In 2003 the Government of India announced the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) initiative which aimed at "correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/reliable tertiary healthcare services". This was to be done through two main channels: setting up AIIMS-like institutions and upgrading government medical colleges. PMSSY was officially launched in March 2006 and six AIIMS-like medical institutes were announced for under-served states in Patna, Bhopal, Raipur, Bhubaneshwar, Jodhpur and Rishikesh. Theses were originally assigned ₹332 crore (equivalent to ₹797 crore or US$120 million in 2018) per institution, a sum which was raised to ₹820 crore (equivalent to ₹14 billion or US$200 million in 2018) in 2010.
The six institutes become operational through an Ordinance from September 2012. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (Amendment) Bill, 2012 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 27 August 2012 in order to replace that Ordinance. Lok Sabha passed the Bill on 30 August 2012, it was introduced in Rajya Sabha on 3 September 2012 and passed on 4 September 2012. The Act was published on 13 September 2012.
In addition to the establishing six institutes, the Act also conferred the power to establish other AIIMS-like institutes by gazette notification. In 2013 a further gazette notification was made under the same Act, establishing AIIMS Raebareli.
On July 2014, in the budget speech for 2014–15, the Minister of Finance Arun Jaitley announced a budget of ₹500 crore (equivalent to ₹597 crore or US$86 million in 2018) for setting up four new AIIMS, in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and the Purvanchal region in Uttar Pradesh. Of these "Phase-IV" institutes, three became AIIMS Mangalagiri in Andhra Pradesh, AIIMS Nagpur in Maharashtra, established in 2018 and AIIMS Gorakhpur, which started operation in 2019. The remaining one is to become AIIMS Kalyani in West Bengal.
On 28 February 2015, in the 2015–2016 budget speech, Jaitley announced five more AIIMS, in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Assam and Tamil Nadu and an "AIIMS-like" institute in Bihar. On 7 November 2015, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi had announced development package for Jammu & Kashmir which includes the setting up of two AIIMS, in the capital cities of Jammu and Kashmir. Of these seven "Phase-V" institutes, sites have been assigned for at Changsari in Assam, Vijay Pur in the Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir, Awantipora in the Kashmir Division of Jammu and Kashmir , Bathinda in Punjab, Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh, Madurai in Tamil Nadu and the latest, Darbhanga in Bihar, serving the Mithila region, which is to be established by upgrading the Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital to AIIMS. As of June 2018[update], no funds were allocated and no time frame has been fixed for the institutes in Bihar and Jammu and Kashmir. In December 2018 the government has approved and assigned funds for the AIIMS in Madurai, and a foundation stone was set in January 2019. AIIMS Bathinda started operating in 2019.
As of August 2019[update], 11 more AIIMS are under development.
|AIIMS Kalyani||Kalyani||West Bengal||Phase IV|
|AIIMS Kamrup||Changsari||Assam||Phase V|
|AIIMS Jammu||Vijay Pur||Jammu and Kashmir|
|AIIMS Kashmir||Awantipora||Jammu and Kashmir|
|AIIMS Bilaspur||Bilaspur||Himachal Pradesh|
|AIIMS Madurai||Madurai||Tamil Nadu|
|AIIMS Deoghar||Deoghar||Jharkhand||Phase VI|
|AIIMS Telangana||Bhongir||Telangana||Phase VII|
|AIIMS Rewari||Rewari||Haryana||Phase VIII|
On 1 February 2017, in the budget presentation for 2017–2018, Jaitley announced two more AIIMS, in Jharkhand and Gujarat. Of these "Phase-VI" institutes, sites were identified in Deoghar for the institute in Jharkhand and in Khandheri near Rajkot for Gujarat. As of June 2018[update], no funds were allocated and no deadline was set for these institutes.
A week after the 2017–2018 budget presentation, on 9 February 2017, Jaitley announced an AIIMS in Telangana as well but no funds for establishing the institute were allocated in the 2018–2019 presentation on 2 February 2018. On 17 December 2018, the cabinet approved the AIIMS, to be located in Bibinagar, near Hyderabad. This institute was later denoted as "Phase-VII".
On 1 February 2019, in the presentation of the interim budget for 2019–2020, Piyush Goyal, who was given temporary charge of the Minister of Finance a week earlier, announced an AIIMS in Rewari, Haryana. This institute was later denoted as "Phase-VIII".
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