All India Kisan Sabha (Ashoka Road)
All India Kisan Sabha (Akhil Bharatiya Kisan Sabha) (AIKS), is the peasants front of Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)), and works for farmers rights and anti-feudal movement in India, which traces its origin to All India Kisan Sabha founded in 1936.
It is sometimes referred to as All India Kisan Sabha (Ashoka Road), to distinguish it from the AIKS of Communist Party of India. Both the Kisan federations are derived from the All India Kisan Sabha started by Swami Sahajanand Saraswati in 1936. The AIKS of CPI is sometimes called AIKS (Ajoy Bhavan).
The Kisan Sabha movement started in Bihar under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who had formed in 1929 the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS) in order to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights.
Gradually the peasant movement intensified and spread across the rest of India. All these radical developments on the peasant front culminated in the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) at the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress in April 1936 with Swami Sahajanand Saraswati elected as its first President. The other prominent members of this Sabha were N.G. Ranga, Ram Manohar Lohia, Jayaprakash Narayan, Acharya Narendra Dev and Bankim Mukerji.
The main aim of the sabha were:- 1)To save the peasants from exploitation by any section of the society. 2)Abolition of zamindari and jagirdari system 3)To save the peasants from economic exploitation 4)Ownership of land by the peasants 5)Reduction in the rates of land revenue 6)Waiving of debts 7)Better arrangements of irrigation 8)To give recognition to Kisan Sabhas
The Kisan Sabha started agitations against the landlords. In the 1937-38, they started a movement for the ownership of the lands by the peasants who worked on it and to bring about the end of forced labour. The farmers revolted against the Jagirdars who did not give them any rights on the land.As a result, the conflict between the peasants and the landlords became more intense. The government arrested 600 Kisan demonstrators and suppressed the movement.
In 1939,when the second world war began, the Government enforced the Defence of India Rules strictly to crush the peasant movement. But the Kisan union continued struggle forcefully.
The address of AIKS (Ashoka Road) is 4, Ashoka Road, New Delhi.
- National President: S. Ramachandran Pillai
- National Vice-president: Amra Ram (CPI(M) MLA)
- National general secretary: K. Varadharajan.
- National joint secretary: N.K. Shukla 
Membership development chart
This chart uses the Indian numeral system
|Jammu and Kashmir||4,500||5,000||5,000||5,000||6,000||4,000||7,000|
|Tripura K.S.||1,01,000||1,11,920||1,26,500||2,12,000 (KS+GMP)||1,21,500||1,38,000||1,35,650|
|Tripura G.M.P||52,000||60,000||85,000||see above||92,000||92,000||70,000|
- A History of the All India Kisan Sabha, by Md. Abdullah Rasul. Published by National Book Agency, 1974.
- All India Kisan Sabha (2 Volumes), by O P Ralhan (ed.). Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. 1998. ISBN 978-81-7488-403-9.
- The Constitution of All India Kisan Sabha Encyclopaedia of Political Parties, by O. P. Ralhan, Published by Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd., 2002. ISBN 81-7488-865-9. Page 1-10.
- AP agri body seeks aid to tenant farmers The Hindu, November 14, 2008.
- Bandyopādhyāya, Śekhara (2004). From Plassey to Partition: A History of Modern India. Orient Longman. pp. 523 (at p 406). ISBN 978-81-250-2596-2.
- Bandyopādhyāya, Śekhara (2004). From Plassey to Partition: A History of Modern India. Orient Longman. pp. 523 (at p 407). ISBN 978-81-250-2596-2.
- Kisan Rath to roll down from Raola today The Hindu, February 5, 2007.