All India Muslim Personal Law Board
|Syed Mohammad Rabe Hasani,|
|Qari Muhammad Tayyib, Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi,|
The All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) is a non-government organisation constituted in 1973 to adopt suitable strategies for the protection and continued applicability of Muslim Personal Law in India, most importantly, the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act of 1937, providing for the application of the Islamic Law Code of Shariat to Muslims in India in personal affairs. some Muslims followed Hindu customs before 1937. The Act applies to all matters of personal law except such successions. Even this section had the right under laws such as the Cutchi Memons Act, 1920 and the Mahomedan Inheritance Act (II of 1897) to opt for "Mahomedan Law". Faizur Rahman claims that a majority of Muslim followed Muslim law, not the Hindu civil code. The Board presents itself as the leading body of Muslim opinion in India, a role for which it has been criticised as well as supported All India Muslim Personal Law Board was set up during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's time. Most of the Muslim sects are represented on the board and its members include prominent Muslims from cross section of the Indian Muslim society such as religious leaders, scholars, lawyers, politicians and other professionals. However, some Muslim scholars not like Tahir Mahmood , Arif Mohammad Khan and retired Supreme Court judge like Markandey Katju have advocated abolishing of All India Muslim Personal Law Board. The diktats and rules of All India Muslim Personal Law Board does not apply to Shia and Ahmadiyya Muslims in India. Ahmadis were not allowed to sit on the All India Muslim Personal Law Board, which is widely regarded in India as representative of Muslims in the country as most Muslims don't consider the Ahmadis as Muslims. Maulana Kalbe Sadiq, senior vice president of AIMPLB is also the vice chairman of the All India Shia Personal Law Board.
AIMPLB is a private body working to protect Muslim personal laws, liaise with and influence the Government of India and guide the general public about crucial issues. The board has a working committee of 51 ulama representing various schools of thought. In addition to this, it also has a general body of 201 persons of ulama as well as laymen, including about 25 women.
However, some of the Shias and Muslim feminists have formed their own separate boards, the All India Shia Personal Law Board and the All India Muslim Women's Personal Law Board, respectively but have failed to win any significant support from the Muslims or the government.
Causes and actions
The AIMPLB focuses primarily to defend the Sharia laws from any law or legislation that they consider infringes on it. In this role initially it has objected to any change in the Divorce Laws for Muslim women. In this regard it has even published a book – Nikah-O-Talaq (Marriage and Divorce). However, from time to time it has been hinted by the board that it might reconsider its position. It has also objected to gay rights and supports uphelding the 1861 Indian law that bans sexual intercourse between persons of the same sex.
The Board has also objected to the Right of Children for Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 as they believe it will infringe on the Madrasa System of Education. It has also supported child marriage and opposes the Child Marriage Restraint Act. It has also objected to the High Court of India Judgement on Babri Mosque. For this, it is also willing to threaten political action. The Board was in the headlines for its opposition to the live video conference of author Salman Rushdie to the Jaipur Literature Festival in January 2012. They argue that "there is a serious threat to our religion. There is a sinister design to impose ‘Brahmin dharma’ through yoga, Surya Namaskara and Vedic culture. They all are against Islamic beliefs. We need to awaken our community for launching a protest on a large scale"
AIMPLB drafted a model ‘nikahnama’ in 2003 laying down specific guidelines and conditions on which a marriage can be annulled by both husband and wife in large sections of Sunni Muslims in Uttar Pradesh.
- AIMPLB Home Page
- "Secular? That's a laugh".
- vakilno1.com. "The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937". vakilno1.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "The Muslim Personal Law Board Shouldn’t Presume to Speak For All Indian Muslims".
- "Uniform civil code: will it work in India?".
- "Contrasting laws save marriage, for now".
- Lawrence, Bruce B (15 November 2007). On violence: a reader. Duke University Press. p. 265. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- Narain, Vrinda B (24 May 2008). Reclaiming the nation: Muslim women and the law in India. University of Toronto Press. p. 93. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "Youth raise voice, seek say in Muslim law board".
- Gani, H. A. (1988). Reform of Muslim personal law: the Shah Bano controversy and the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986. Deep & Deep Publications. p. 65.
- "Bade Ghulam Ali Khan’s yoga mudra".
- "Muslim personal law is barbaric: Justice Markandey Katju".
- "Katju favours uniform civil law".
- "Ban triple talaq and abolish Muslim Personal Law Board, says former minorities commission chairman".
- "Arif Mohammad Khan on Shah Bano case: 'Najma Heptullah was key influence on Rajiv Gandhi'".
- "The Curse of The Muslim Personal Law Board".
- "'Heretical' Ahmadiyya sect raises Muslim hackles".
- "Wretched Of The Land".
- Naqvi, Jawed (1 September 2008). "Religious violence hastens India’s leap into deeper obscurantism". Dawn. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
- "IS THE AHMADI COMMUNITY JUST AS PERSECUTED IN OTHER MUSLIM-MAJORITY COUNTRIES?". Herald.Dawn. 13 October 2013. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
- PARVEEN ABDI (12 June 2006). "All India Muslim Women's Personal Law Board on Muslim Women's Reservation". .milligazette.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "Sharia courts should be first option: AIMPLB". The Times of India. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "All Muslims are equal: AIMPLB". The Times of India. 25 October 2006. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- JYOTI THOTTAM (2 July 2009). "All India's Historic Ruling on Gay Rights". Times.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- UNI (2 July 2009). "All India Muslim Personal Law Board moves SC over legalising homosexuality, UNI,". Times.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- Gardiner Harris (11 December 2013) Court Restores India’s Ban on Gay Sex New York Times. Retrieved 11 December 2013
- TNN (5 February 2012). "Bill to address minorities' RTE concerns in next session: Sibal". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- Haviland, Charles (5 September 2002). "Battle over India's marriage age". BBC News.
- Zeenews Bureau (30 September 2010). "Not satisfied with Ayodhya verdict; will move SC: AIMPLB". Zeenews.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- Deepak Gidwani (29 January 2012). "AIMPLB set to corner Congress in UP polls". DNAIndia.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- CNN-IBN (24 January 2012). "Salman Rushdie has hurt religious sentiments in his book: AIMPLB member". IBNLive.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- India Express: "AIMPLB calls conclave to push its fight against ‘Vedic culture, Brahmin dharma’" by Mohd Faisal Fareed 13 August 2015