All Pakistan Awami Muslim League

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All Pakistan Awami Muslim League (Urdu: آل پاکستان عوامی مسلم لیگ‎) is a Pakistani political party founded by Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy in February 1950. Pir of Manki Sharif and Khan Ghulam Mohammad Khan from the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) joined it soon afterwards.[1][2]

Around the same time, Iftikhar Mamdot, who was dismissed from the premiership of Punjab, formed a party called Jinnah Muslim League. The two parties merged to form Jinnah Awami Muslim League prior to the provincial elections in 1951.[3]

In the Punjab provincial election in 1951, the Jinnah Awami Muslim League polled 18.3 percent votes and won 32 seats.[3] In the NWFP, it won 4 seats.[1]

In East Pakistan, East Pakistan Awami Muslim League was founded by Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani in June 1949.[2] It was established as the Bengali alternative to the domination of the Muslim League in Pakistan and over centralisation of the government. The party quickly gained massive popular support in East Bengal.[4] In the 1954 provincial election in Bengal, the party won 143 seats. The United Front led by the party won a total of 223 seats, soundly defeating the Muslim League with 10 seats.[5]

Subsequently, the two parties merged in 1959 and used the name All Pakistan Awami Muslim League (Awami Muslim League).[6] The party later evolved into the Awami League, the party that, under the leadership of Shaikh Mujibur Rahman (himself a former aide to Suharwardy),[4] eventually led the forces of Bengali nationalism in the struggle against West Pakistan's military and political establishment.[4]

The All Pakistan Awami Muslim League was formed as a breakaway faction of the "All Pakistan Muslim League" in 1949, within two years of the formation of Pakistan. The word Muslim was dropped in 1953.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chowdhury, Anisuzzaman (2012), Moulana Bhashani Leader of the Toiling Masses: Leader of the Toiling Masses, Moulana Bhashani Foundation, ISBN 978-1-4691-3790-2
  • Kamran, Tahir (2009), "Early phase of electoral politics in Pakistan: 1950s" (PDF), South Asian Studies, 24 (2): 257–282[permanent dead link]
  • Samad, Yunas (1995), A Nation in Turmoil: Nationalism and Ethnicity in Pakistan, 1937-1958, Sage, ISBN 978-0-8039-9214-6