All Souls Church, Langham Place
|All Souls Church, Langham Place|
|Location||Regent Street, London|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Heritage designation||Grade I|
|Diocese||Diocese of London|
|Bishop(s)||The Rt Revd Rod Thomas (AEO)|
|Director of music||Michael Andrews|
|Churchwarden(s)||Rob Turner |
All Souls Church is a conservative evangelical Anglican church in central London, situated in Langham Place in Marylebone, at the north end of Regent Street. It was designed in Regency style by John Nash and consecrated in 1824.
As it is directly opposite Broadcasting House, the BBC often broadcasts from the church. As well as the core church membership, many hundreds of visitors come to All Souls, bringing the average number of those coming through the doors for services on Sundays to around 2,500 every week. All Souls has an international congregation, with all ages represented.
The church was designed by John Nash, favourite architect of King George IV. Its prominent circular-spired vestibule was designed to provide an eye-catching monument at the point where Regent Street, newly-laid out as part of Nash's scheme to link Piccadilly with the new Regent's Park, takes an awkward abrupt bend westward to align with the pre-existing Portland Place.
All Souls was a Commissioners' church, a grant of £12,819 (equivalent to £1,140,000 in 2019) being given by the Church Building Commission towards the cost of its construction. The commission had been set up under an act of 1818, and Nash, as one of the three architects employed by the Board of Works, had been asked to supply specimen designs as soon as the act was passed. It was, however, one of only two Commissioners' churches to be built to his designs, the other being the Gothic Revival St Mary, Haggerston. All Souls is the last surviving church by John Nash.
The building was completed in December 1823 at a final cost of £18,323 10s 5d. and was consecrated the following year by the Bishop of London.
The church is built of Bath stone. It consists of a prominent spired circular vestibule, attached to a much more reticent main church by the width of a single intercolumniation. The idiosyncratic spire is composed of seventeen concave sides encircled by a peripteros of Corinthian columns, making two separate sections.
Nash's design was not met with universal praise. A reviewer for The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction 2 August 1828, wrote:
To our eye, the church itself, apart from the tower, (for such it almost is) is perhaps, one of the most miserable structures in the metropolis,—in its starved proportions more resembling a manufactory, or warehouse, than the impressive character of a church exterior; an effect to which the Londoner is not an entire stranger. Here, too, we are inclined to ascribe much of the ridicule, which the whole church has received, to its puny proportions and scantiness of decoration, which are far from being assisted by any stupendousness in their details, the first impression of which might probably have fixed the attention of the spectator. Indeed, the whole style of the tower and steeple appears peculiarly illadapted for so small a scale as has here been attempted.
The Rector of All Souls Church is still appointed by the Crown Appointments Commission at 10 Downing Street. The links with the Crown date back to the time of George IV when the Crown acquired the land around the church. The Coat of Arms adorns the West Gallery.
On 8 December 1940, a Luftwaffe parachute mine exploded during the Blitz, causing extensive damage to the church. The church was closed for some ten years while repair works were carried out. During this time, the congregation met for worship at St. Peter's, Vere Street. Although many furnishings survived the bombing, such as the pulpit, these are no longer to be seen in the church.
Mid-1970s building project
In the early 1970s excavations were carried out at All Souls and when it was discovered that the foundations to the church were some 13 feet deep, the church undertook a massive building project under the supervision of then rector, Michael Baughen (who later became Bishop of Chester, before returning to the London diocese to become an honorary assistant bishop). The decision was taken to embark on this work, to facilitate having a hall area underneath the church for the congregation and visitors to meet together after services and during the week. At the same time, the opportunity was taken to restructure the interior of the church to make it more suitable for present day forms of worship. It was at this time, that most fittings such as pews and choir stalls were removed, and the plain carpeted interior with moveable chairs was introduced.
Organ and music
All Souls is well known for its musical tradition and part of this includes the Hunter organ installed in the west gallery in a Spanish mahogany case designed by Nash. The case was enlarged and extended in 1913. In 1940, anticipating war damage to the church, the organ was dismantled and put into storage, then in 1951 remodelled and rebuilt, with a new rotatable electric manual and pedal console, and installed in the chancel by the firm of Henry Willis (IV). The organ was again rebuilt, by Harrison & Harrison, during the building project of 1975–1976, when a four-manual console was added, plus a positive division and a pronounced fanfare-trumpet en-chamade. In 1933, John Ivimey was appointed as organist and Director of Music.
Musical worship mixes contemporary and traditional styles, featuring either the church's worship band, orchestra, singing group or choir at all the main regular Sunday services, under the leadership of Michael Andrews. In 1972, the All Souls Orchestra was founded by former director of music and Emeritus Conductor, Noël Tredinnick, and has accompanied Sir Cliff Richard, Stuart Townend and other notable Christian artists. The orchestra and a massed choir perform annually at the Royal Albert Hall for the All Souls "Prom Praise" concert, which also tours across the UK and internationally. "Prom Praise for Schools" is sometimes held alongside Prom Praise, providing children from across the Diocese of London the chance to sing with the All Souls Orchestra. In 2012, the All Souls Orchestra celebrated its 40th anniversary, alongside special guests including Graham Kendrick, Keith & Kristyn Getty, and Jonathan Veira.
All Souls celebrates four services each Sunday, with an early morning Holy Communion service at 8:00 am, followed by two other services at 9:30 am and 11:30 am and an evening service at 5:30 pm. There is also a midweek service on Thursdays during term time at 1:05 pm.
Sermons from Sunday services are uploaded for free streaming and download by the following Monday afternoon. The archive now contains over 3,000 sermons.
The church stands in the conservative evangelical tradition of the Church of England. As it rejects the ordination/leadership of women, it receives alternative episcopal oversight from the Bishop of Maidstone (currently Rod Thomas).
The most recent rector was the Revd Hugh Palmer, who, as of July 2012[update], is also a chaplain to the queen. Other clergy staff include Rico Tice, who has developed the Christianity Explored course (an introduction to Christian beliefs based on the Gospel of Mark and influenced by the conservative evangelical tradition), Jonny Dyer, Luke Ijaz and Steve Nichols. As a reflection of the huge diversity of the church's congregation (over 60 nationalities represented amongst the c. 2500 present on Sundays), the staff team has gradually become more international (Kenya, the United States, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, Sweden, Germany, Hungary, Korea and Ireland amongst others).
One of the church's most notable clerics was John Stott CBE, who was associated with All Souls for his entire ministry and virtually all his life. The author of more than fifty Christian books, Stott was regarded as an important theologian and leader of the evangelical movement during the 20th century. Stott was a curate at All Souls 1945–1950 and rector 1950–1975. He resigned as rector in 1975 to pursue his wider ministry, but maintained his involvement with the church and was given the title of Rector Emeritus, which he held until his death in 2011. Stott's obituary in Christianity Today described him as "An architect of 20th-century evangelicalism [who] shaped the faith of a generation."
List of Rectors
- George Chandler, Rector 1825–1847
- Charles Baring, Rector 1847–1855, then Bishop of Gloucester
- William Thomson, Rector 1855–1861, but in residence only in 1855; later Archbishop of York
- Edward Revell Eardley-Wilmot, Vicar 1855–1861, Rector 1861–1872
- John Minet Freshfield, Rector 1873–1878
- Sholto D. C. Douglas, Rector 1878–1886
- William Hay Chapman, Rector 1886–1893
- Johnston Hamilton Acheson, Rector 1893–1898
- Francis Scott Webster, Rector 1898–1920
- Arthur Buxton, Rector 1920–1936
- Harold Earnshaw Smith, Rector 1936–1950
- John Stott, Rector 1950–1975
- Michael Baughen, Rector 1975–1982, then Bishop of Chester
- Richard Bewes, Rector 1983–2004
- Hugh Palmer, Rector 2005–2020
- Summerson 1962, p. 220.
- UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
- Port, M H. (2006), 600 New Churches: The Church Building Commission 1818–1856 (2nd ed.), Reading: Spire Books, p. 328, ISBN 9781904965084
- Byerley & Timbs 1828, p. 66.
- History A brief look back at the All Souls story so far. Why Are We Here? www.allsouls.org, accessed 3 December 2020
- Organ specifications www.harrisonorgans.com
- "MUSIC APPOINTMENT" in Cheltenham Chronicle dated Saturday 19 August 1933, p. 6
- "Job Description – Minister (Pastoral & Discipleship)" (pdf). All Souls Church, Langham Place. 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
All Souls Today: In the heart of London's West End All Souls is a conservative evangelical Anglican church with a large and diverse congregation.
- "Rector - Job Advert". All Souls, Langham Place. Archived from the original on 26 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
- 'Engagements' Archived 2012-10-29 at the Wayback Machine, Duke of York. [accessed 18 August 2012]
- Jackson, Bob; Fisher, George (2011). Everybody Welcome: The Course Leader's Manual: The Course Where Everybody Helps Grow Their Church. London: Church House Publishing. p. 90. ISBN 978-0715142844.
Some courses are more catholic in tone (Knowing God Better), some are conservative evangelical (Christianity Explored), some are broad church (Emmaus) and some are charismatic (Alpha).
- In a November 2004 editorial on Stott, The New York Times columnist David Brooks cited Michael Cromartie of the Ethics and Public Policy Center as saying that "if evangelicals could elect a pope, Stott is the person they would likely choose."
- John Stott Has Died Obituary in Christianity Today www.christianitytoday.com, accessed 3 December 2020
- Nigel Yates, "Change and Continuity". in Mary Hobbs (ed.) Chichester Cathedral: An Historical Survey (Chichester: Phillimore, 1994), ISBN 0-85033-924-3), p. 126
- "York, 86 archbp. of" in Kelly's Handbook to the Titles, Landed & Official Classes (Kelly's Directories, 1875), p. 518: "... rector of All Souls, Langham Place, London 1855–61"
- Rev Edward Revel EARDLEY-WILMOT 10712 at thekingscandlesticks.com, accessed 26 April 2019
- "ECCLESIASTICAL INTELLIGENCE" in Sheffield Daily Telegraph dated Thursday 23 January 1873, p. 3: "Rev. J. M. Freshfield, M.A. Rector of All Souls, St. Marylebone"
- "PREFERMENTS AND APPOINTMENTS" in Bristol Mercury dated Friday 15 November 1878, p. 3: "Rev. Sholto D. C. Douglas, Vicar of All Saints', Derby; Rector of All Souls', Marylebone"; "APPOINTMENTS" in Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer dated Friday 3 December 1886, p. 8: "APPOINTMENTS. The Rev. Sholto D. C. Douglas has resigned the vicarage of All Souls', Langham Place, having come into possession of some large property in Scotland..."
- "CHURCHES & CHURCHMEN" in North Wales Chronicle dated Saturday 4 December 1886, p. 7: "Rev William Hay Chapman, vicar of Southborough, rector of All Souls', Langham-place; patron, the Crown"; Chester Chronicle dated 1 July 1893, p. 8: "The Rev. W. Hay Chapman, Rector of All Souls, Langham Place, London, has resigned through ill health."
- "ECCLESIASTICAL NEWS PREFERMENTS AND APPOINTMENTS. Rev. Canon J. H. Acheson, M.A., Rector St Peters, Chaster : Rector of All Souls', Langham place." in York Herald dated 3 July 1893, p. 2; "Pall Mall Gazette Office" in Pall Mall Gazette dated 6 April 1898, p. 4: "Lord Berners has presented the Rev. Canon Acheson, rector of All Souls', Langham-place, to the rectory of Kirby-Cane, Norfolk. The vacant living of All Souls, which is worth about £650 ..."
- "Webster, Rev. Francis Scott" in Who Was Who: A Companion to Who's Who, Vol. 2 (London: A. & C. Black, 1929), p. 1,104
- "Buxton, Arthur" in Crockford's Clerical Directory (1930), p. 190