All round defence
All-around defense and perimeter defense are synonyms for one category of the (relative) positioning of defensive fighting positions that are supposed to give military units and sub-units the ability "to repel an attack from any direction by being organized or sited for all round defence". This defense can be used by military units from squad up.
This defense can be defined as "a defense without an exposed flank, consisting of forces deployed along the perimeter of the defended area".
Positioning of the outer defensive fighting positions
In a circle
One version of a specific type of layout of fighting positions, consists of soldiers forming a wide circle around the soldier in charge (and radioman etc.) with a spacing typically of 3–4 metres between each person (on the circle's circumference). In situations with more than one platoon or squad, more than one all round defence will typically be formed about 20 metres away from each other. It is a useful formation because it allows a full 360° arc of fire, and because everybody is spread out, if the formation is attacked, by direct or indirect fire, the formation will minimise casualties.
When a group of soldiers relocate as a part of a defensive operation, a perimeter defense can be temporarily maintained without cover.
This defense is typically used in any situation where a small unit would need to regroup—including after an attack.
- The term "all-around defense" used in a newspaper in 1944
- http://www.marines.mil/news/publications/Documents/FM%203-21.8%20%20The%20Infantry%20Rifle%20Platoon%20and%20Squad_5.pdf "8-133. A perimeter defense allows the defending force to orient in all directions."
- http://www.marines.mil/news/publications/Documents/FM%203-21.8%20%20The%20Infantry%20Rifle%20Platoon%20and%20Squad_5.pdf "The trace of the platoon is circular or triangular rather than linear"